New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Human Biology Test 1 Outline

by: Sadie Jaramillo

Human Biology Test 1 Outline Biol 100

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > Biology > Biol 100 > Human Biology Test 1 Outline
Sadie Jaramillo

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This has all of the crucial information that will be on test one.
Human Biology
Dr. Eberle
Study Guide
Human Biology
50 ?




Popular in Human Biology

Popular in Biology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sadie Jaramillo on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biol 100 at Fort Hays State University taught by Dr. Eberle in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Human Biology in Biology at Fort Hays State University.


Reviews for Human Biology Test 1 Outline


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/01/16
HUMAN BIOLOGY (BIOL 100A: Spring Semester) T EST  1 N OTES  O UTLINE Instructor: Mark Eberle (Albertson Hall 424, 628–5264, SCIENCE AND THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD I)Scientific Method A) Observe and Question B) Develop Hypothesis 1) Testable 2) Falsifiable C) Conduct Experiment 1) Variables 2) Large Sample Size 3) Experimental Control 4) Experimental Treatment a) Placebo 5) Avoiding Bias a) Random Samples b) Blind Experimental Design c) Double­blind Experimental Design 6) Statistical Analysis 7) Repeatability D) Conclusions About Hypothesis 1) Reject Hypothesis a) Possibly Revise Hypothesis 2) Provisionally Accept Hypothesis II)Difference between a Hypothesis and a Theory III)Correlation Studies CHEMISTRY I)Atoms A) Protons (+) B) Electrons (e ) 1) Orbitals and energy levels II)Molecules III)Ions IV)Chemical Bonds A) Ionic Bonds B) Covalent Bonds V)Water (H 2) A) Polar Molecules B) Hydrogen Bonds 1) Hydrophilic Compounds 2) Hydrophobic Compo+nds C) pH = Hydrogen Ion (H ) Concentration 1) pH Scale (1–7 = Acid; 7–14 = Base; 7 = Neutral) a) Acids b) Bases 2) Buffers VI)Organic Compounds A) Carbohydrates 1) Simple Carbohydrates (Sugars) a) Monosaccharides ● Glucose (and Fructose) b) Disaccharides ● Sucrose 2) Complex Carbohydrates (Polysaccharides) a) Plant Starches b) Glycogen (“animal starch”) ● Association with water c) Cellulose ● Dietary fiber d) Chitin B) Lipids 1) Triglycerides (Fats and Oils) = Glycerol (alcohol) + 3 Fatty Acids a) Saturated Fatty Acids b) Unsaturated Fatty Acids ● Monounsaturated Fatty Acids ● Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids c) Hydrogenated Fatty Acids ● Trans Fatty Acids (Trans Fats) 2) Waxes 3) Phospholipids 4) Sterols (Steroids) C) Proteins 1) Composed of Amino Acids a) Essential Amino Acids 2) Polypeptides 3) Protein Structure (dictates protein function) a) Primary Structure b) Secondary Structure c) Tertiary Structure d) Quaternary Structure (example: hemoglobin has 4 polypeptides plus iron) 4) Denaturing a Protein D) Nucleic Acids 1) Composed of Nucleotides 2) Nucleic Acids a) Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA): double­stranded helix b) Ribonucleic Acid (RNA): single strand 3) Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) 4) Dinucleotides CELLS I)Cellular Structures A) Plasma Membrane 1) Phospholipids a) Hydrophilic phosphates b) Hydrophobic fatty acids 2) Proteins (4 general functions) 3) Other Molecules B) Cell Wall C) Nucleus (Nuclear Membrane) 1) Prokaryotic Cells 2) Eukaryotic Cells D) Cytoplasm (= Cytosol) 1) Ribosomes: RNA + protein 2) Membrane Organelles (comprised of membranes like the plasma membrane) a) Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) ● Rough ER ● Smooth ER b) Golgi Complex (= Golgi Bodies, Golgi Apparatus) c) Vesicle 3) “Bacteria­like” Organelles (have a circular strand of DNA similar to bacteria) a) Mitochondria b) Chloroplasts 4) Cytoskeleton a) 4 general functions ● ● ● ● Flagella Cilia II)Cellular Processes A) Movement of Molecules through Membranes 1) Passive Transport a) Diffusion ● Osmosis Isotonic Solution Hypertonic Solution Hypotonic Solution b) Facilitated Diffusion ● Transport Protein (= carrier protein) 2) Active Transport ● Energy from ATP or high­energy electron ● Transport Protein (= carrier protein) 3) Endocytosis 4) Exocytosis B) Metabolism 1) Activation Energy 2) Catalysts a) Enzymes ● Substrate Molecule(s) ● Active Site ● Inhibitors ● Activators (cofactors) 3) ATP (adenosine triphosphate) C) Proton Pump D) Photosynthesis 1) Steps to harness energy (making ATP from ADP + phosphate) 2) Steps to build carbohydrates E) Cellular Respiration 1) Glycolysis 2) Anaerobic Respiration a) Alcohol Fermentation b) Lactate Fermentation 3) Aerobic Respiration a) Citric Acid Cycle b) Electron Transport System


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.