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Anthropology 175 Final Review

by: Melissa

Anthropology 175 Final Review Anthropology 175

Marketplace > University of Oregon > Anthropology 175 > Anthropology 175 Final Review
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This covers all information that was needed for the final! Very detailed :)
Anthropology 175
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Melissa on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Anthropology 175 at University of Oregon taught by in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 42 views.

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Date Created: 02/01/16
Anthro 2 Final Review 12/05/2014 ▯ Anthropology Final Review: ▯ Review secular trends over generations ▯ Review questions from labs and video and handouts ▯ Two shortanswers are from the video handouts ▯ Vaccinations vs. Antibiotics  Think about the situations when one uses a vaccination or antibiotics o Antibiotics- already have something in your system  Targeting bacteria and bacteria cell walls  Placebo effect usually occurs here o Vaccines are preventative  Helps create antibodies  For measeles and polio  Using own immune system ▯ Epidemiological Transitions  Studies of disease at population level  What are the dominant diseases we are dealing with  Decline in infectious and rise in chronic (Epidemiological 2)  1 one is transition from hunter gatherer to settled populations o high levels of infectious diseases  childhood diseases that burn through the population and then burns itself out  did not typicaly exist in the smaller traveling populations  3 More infectious diseases and emergence of new diseases or ones that have evolved o MERSA and TB and HIV  Weakened immune systems o More international travel and thus diseases are more easily transmitted  Causes change in disease pattern o Hospital conditions create new breeding grounds for evolving diseases and thus more resistant to antibiotics  First two transitions had large societal changes ▯ Paleopathology( Similar to lab we did on bones and teeth)  Bones and the harris lines  Fractures that have not healed properly  Looking at indicators of disease from past populations  Evolution of syphilis that had huge effects to less impactful o Noticed in bones and other genes o Diseases have an evolvable virulence ▯ Hygiene Hypothesis  How does concept of mismatch and novel eniviornments contribute o WE have evolved in different environments than what our genes are used to o Primes our immune system in a particular way o Exposed to less diseases early on and later on has difficult time recognizing whether the body is creating the toxin or if it is something that is affecting the body  Endotoxins( toxin found in cell wall of certain bacteria) ▯ Helminth hypothesis  Focus on parasitic worms and the effects of not having a parasitic worm later on- immune system attacks body because it expects a disease to form o Like peanuts ▯ Review important names!!!!!! ▯ Review lecture from 10/29 because it really lays down the foundation  Short answers may come from this ▯ Difference between thrifty phenotypes and thrifty genes  Evolved to be thrifty and susceptibility to obesity and diabetes o Efficient in use of calories  Thrifty genes( or alleles) o Certain areas that predispose them to greater risk of diabetes and obesity  Native Americans and the South Pacific o Don’t really tell us that much except at a species level o Comes from natural selection at population level- not a ton of evidence  Thrifty phenotype o More important o Focused on the individual and prenatal development and affects later on in life because of what you went through while going through gestation


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