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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: abirkenholtz

Exam 1 Study Guide CHEM 331

GPA 2.75

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Material for Exam 1
Organic Chemistry I
Kraus, G
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Organic Chemistry I

Popular in Chemistry

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by abirkenholtz on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CHEM 331 at Iowa State University taught by Kraus, G in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry I in Chemistry at Iowa State University.

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Date Created: 02/01/16
Chem 331 Study Guide Chapter 1  Hybridization o sp^3  Single Bonds  Tetrahedral o sp^2  Double Bonds  Fla o sp  Triple Bonds  Linear  Sigma Bond o Overlap between bonds  Pi Bond o Weaker than sigma bond Chapter 2  Electronegativity o Some atoms attract electrons better  Formal Charge o Number of valence electrons – number of electrons around the atom  Resonance o Delocalization of charge  Bronsted Acid o Donates proton  Lewis Acid o Accepts electron pair  Lewis Base o Donates electron pair  pka o The smaller the number, the stronger the acid  Hydrogen Bonding o Weak attraction between oxygen/nitrogen and hydrogen Chapter 3  Functional Groups o Alkane o Alkene o Alkyne o Aromatic Ring o Amine o Alcohol o Ether o Halide o Acid o Amide o Ester o Aldehyde o Ketone o Nitrile o Nitro  Isomers o Same formula, different structure  Carbon Types o Primary C  Attached to 1 carbon and 3 hydrogens o Secondary C  Attached to 2 carbons and 2 hydrogens o Tertiary C  Attached to 3 carbons and 1 hydrogen o Quaternary C  Attached to 4 carbons  Alkanes o Methane o Ethane o Propane o Butane o Pentane o Hexane o Heptane o Octane o Nonane o Decane  Naming Alkanes o Find the longest chain o Lowest number for substituents o List in alphabetical order  Newman Projections o Staggered: lowest energy o Eclipsed: highest energy Chapter 4  Cycloalkanes o Strained  Cyclopropane  Cyclobutane o No Strain  Cyclohexane  Cis o Groups on the same side  Trans o Groups on different sides  Chair Form Cyclohexane o Axial and equatorial o Largest substituent in equatorial position


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