Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide CHEM 331
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by abirkenholtz on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CHEM 331 at Iowa State University taught by Kraus, G in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry I in Chemistry at Iowa State University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Chem 331 Study Guide Chapter 1 Hybridization o sp^3 Single Bonds Tetrahedral o sp^2 Double Bonds Fla o sp Triple Bonds Linear Sigma Bond o Overlap between bonds Pi Bond o Weaker than sigma bond Chapter 2 Electronegativity o Some atoms attract electrons better Formal Charge o Number of valence electrons – number of electrons around the atom Resonance o Delocalization of charge Bronsted Acid o Donates proton Lewis Acid o Accepts electron pair Lewis Base o Donates electron pair pka o The smaller the number, the stronger the acid Hydrogen Bonding o Weak attraction between oxygen/nitrogen and hydrogen Chapter 3 Functional Groups o Alkane o Alkene o Alkyne o Aromatic Ring o Amine o Alcohol o Ether o Halide o Acid o Amide o Ester o Aldehyde o Ketone o Nitrile o Nitro Isomers o Same formula, different structure Carbon Types o Primary C Attached to 1 carbon and 3 hydrogens o Secondary C Attached to 2 carbons and 2 hydrogens o Tertiary C Attached to 3 carbons and 1 hydrogen o Quaternary C Attached to 4 carbons Alkanes o Methane o Ethane o Propane o Butane o Pentane o Hexane o Heptane o Octane o Nonane o Decane Naming Alkanes o Find the longest chain o Lowest number for substituents o List in alphabetical order Newman Projections o Staggered: lowest energy o Eclipsed: highest energy Chapter 4 Cycloalkanes o Strained Cyclopropane Cyclobutane o No Strain Cyclohexane Cis o Groups on the same side Trans o Groups on different sides Chair Form Cyclohexane o Axial and equatorial o Largest substituent in equatorial position
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