Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide/Practice (Ch. 1-4)
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide/Practice (Ch. 1-4) BSC 1085C
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madison Rotenizer on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BSC 1085C at Florida Gulf Coast University taught by Dr. Weiss in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in Science at Florida Gulf Coast University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Practice Quiz Module 1 1. This is the study of the functions of body structures – Physiology 2. This is defined as a group of cells with similar structure and function – Tissue 3. This is the sum of all cellular processes that occur in the body – Metabolism 4. This is the regulation of body conditions within normal limits – Homeostasis 5. This is the structure of a feedback system that receives output from the control center – Effector 6. In negative feedback systems __. – The effector reduces or eliminates the stimulus 7. In which body cavity is the brain located? – Cranial cavity 8. This cavity is inferior to the abdominal cavity. – Pelvic cavity 9. This plane divides the body into right and left halves – Sagittal 10.A transverse plane will cut a body or organ into – Superior and inferior parts 11.This directional term means farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk – Distal 12.The heart is _______ to the liver – Superior 13.Which of the following organs is found in the thoracic cavity? – Lung 14.The stomach is ______ to the bladder – Superior 15.Which of the following body systems is most involved in responsiveness? – Nervous system 16.The word cervical pertains to what region of your body? – Neck 17.When taking a popliteal pulse you would be feeling what region of the body? – Behind the knee 18.Which structure divides the ventral cavity into two sections? – Diaphragm 19.The abdominal region is divided into nine areas. Name the upper right area that contains the liver. – Right hypochondriac 20.Which of the following are the two major closed body cavities? – Ventral and dorsal Practice Quiz Module 2 1. Cell junctions that are important in cell communication are ____ - Gap junctions 2. Passive transport requires – no energy, no protein carriers, and no membranes 3. What must be present for diffusion to occur? – A concentration gradient 4. In a cell, proteins are synthesized at the ___ - ribosome 5. In a cell, ATP is produced by the ___ - mitochondrion 6. The characteristic of plasma membranes allowing only some substances to more through is known as ___ - Selective permeability 7. The function of the cytosol is ___ - Location of chemical reactions 8. Which of the following protects the contents of the nucleus? – Nuclear membrane 9. Which part of the cell serves to process, package, and export proteins? – Golgi Apparatus 10.The three parts of a generalized cell? – Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus 11.Which structures are designed to increase the cell surface? – Microvilli 12.Which is not a type of channel used in production of an electrical signal in neurons? – Leakage channel 13.A depolarizing signal ____ - makes the membrane less polarized 14.When a potential depolarizes the membrane to threshold ___ - Voltage gated Na+ channels open rapidly 15.During which period can a second action potential be initiated by a larger than normal stimulus? – Relative refractory period 16.At rest, a cell will have more ____ ions in the cytoplasm than outside the cell. – Potassium 17.The potential difference across the membrane of a resting cell is referred to as ___ - Resting membrane potential 18.The membrane maintains its resting state by ____ - Allowing excess K+ to ‘leak’ out 19.An increase in cell membrane potential is known as ___ - Hyperpolarization 20.The absolute refractory period is ___ - the time from the opening of the Na+ channels until the resting of these channels Practice Quiz Module 3 1. This is a thin extracellular layer that consists of basal lamina and reticular lamina, and is found in epithelial tissues – basement membrane 2. Epithelial tissue ___ - is used as a covering, is used as a lining, and is used in glands. 3. This tissue is found lining the heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels – simple squamous epithelial 4. Where would you most likely find transitional epithelial cells? – Urinary bladder 5. These are categorized by whether the ducts are branched or unbranched – Multicellular glands 6. In connective tissue, the matrix consists of ___ - protein fibers and ground substance 7. Which fibers are seen embedded in the matrix of connective tissue – Elastic, Reticular, and Collagen 8. Which of the following is classified as loose connective tissue? – Areolar connective tissue 9. This type of membrane lines a body cavity that does not open directly to the outside – Serous 10.Goblet cells are found in this kind of epithelium – Simple columnar 11.Glands that secrete by rupturing are classified as ___ - Holocrine 12.Which of the following is not part of the extracellular matrix – Fibroblasts 13.Of the four major types of tissues, which type forms boundaries between different environments? – Epithelial 14.Glands that secrete by exocytosis are classified as ___ - Merocrine 15.Which muscle type has no visible striation? - Smooth 16.Which type of muscle is voluntary? – Skeletal 17.Which of the following is not found in cartilage? – Blood vessels 18.A single layer of epithelial tissue is classified as ___ - Simple 19.Which of the following is not a connective tissue? - Skin 20.Of the four major tissue types which type is avascular? – Epithelial Practice Quiz Module 4 1. Another name for the subcutaneous layer is __ - Hypodermis 2. This layer is composed of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium – Epidermis 3. This pigment absorbs ultraviolet light – Melanin 4. This epidermal cell has a role in immunity and disease resistance – Langerhans 5. This layer of epidermis is composed of a single row of cells – Stratum basale 6. The stratum lucidum ____ - is present only in thick skin of palms and soles 7. Constant exposure of skin to friction stimulates the formation of a callus, which is the thickening of which layer? – Stratum corneum 8. This is fine nonpigmented hair that covers that body of the fetus – Lanugo 9. This type of gland is connected to a hair follicle – Sebaceous 10.This type of gland is a coiled tubular gland found almost throughout the entirety of the skin – Eccrine 11.All are functions of skin except ___ - Vitamin A production 12.This layer of the skin is responsible for our fingerprints – Papillary 13.The protein found in our hair and nails is – Keratin 14.Hair and nails are modifications of the – Epidermis 15.Which of the following is not an accessory gland of the skin? – Mammary 16.Which layer of the dermis is closest to the epidermis? – Papillary 17.The dermis is composed of what type of tissue? – Connective 18.Mitosis occurs primarily in which stratum of the epidermis? – Basale 19.The rule of nines – is used to estimate the volume of fluid loss in burn injuries 20.Which of the following statements concerning skin cancer is correct? – Basal cell carcinoma can be cured in 99% of all cases
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