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Chapter 3

by: jasmine gresham

Chapter 3 Psych 1101

jasmine gresham

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notes over chapter 3 quiz
Intro to General Psychology
Dr. Tim Flemming
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Intro to General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by jasmine gresham on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Intro to General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
Chapter 3 Sensation is the process of receiving stimulus energies from the external environment and transforming those energies into neural energy Perception is the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information so that it makes sense Bottom-up processing means taking in information and trying to make sense of it In top-down processing we begin with some sense of what is happening (the product of our experiences) and apply that framework to incoming information from the world absolute threshold, or minimum amount of stimulus energy that a person can detect. difference threshold, or just noticeable difference. Subliminal perception refers to the detection of information below the level of conscious awareness. sensory adaptation—a change in the responsiveness of the sensory system based on the average level of surrounding stimulation Retina used at nights Cones color perception gestalt psychology is a school of thought that probes how people naturally organize their perceptions according to certain patterns (a) Closure: When we see disconnected or incomplete figures, we fill in the spaces and see them as complete figures. (b) Proximity: When we see objects that are near each other, they tend to be seen as a unit. You are likely to perceive the grouping as four columns of four squares, not one set of 16 squares. (c) Similarity: When we see objects that are similar to each other, they tend to be seen as a unit. . Binocular cues are depth cues that depend on the combination of the images in the left and right eyes and on the way the two eyes work together monocular cues, available from the image in one eye, either right or left. The outer ear consists of the pinna and the external auditory canal. The funnel- shaped pinna (plural, pinnae) is the outer, visible part of the ear. (Elephants have very large pinnae.) The pinna collects sounds and channels them into the interior of the ear. olfactory epithelium lining the roof of the nasal cavity contains a sheet of receptor cells for smell The kinesthetic senses provide information about movement, posture, and orientation. The vestibular sense provides information about balance and movement. Crossover point where visual field information goes to left hemisphere is called the optic chiasm Cutaneous senses consist of sensory receptors for tough, temp, pain Weber’s Law- it is easier to change in stimulus intensity when the intensity are low Ability to perceive depth is in part, learned from world experience Retina represent height AND DEPTH CONSISTANCY never changes shape Our brain understands objects far away appear smaller than object nearby


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