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Philosophy 105 Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Mackenzie Taylor

Philosophy 105 Exam 1 Study Guide PHL 105

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > PHIL-Philosophy > PHL 105 > Philosophy 105 Exam 1 Study Guide
Mackenzie Taylor

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Defines terms: argument, statement, premise, conclusion, true, false, support, standard form, primary argument, primary conclusion, primary premise, background premise, missing premise, background ...
Study Guide
PHL 105, theories of truth, uses of language, philosophy, arguments
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mackenzie Taylor on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 105 at Central Michigan University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see REASON AND ARGUMENT in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 02/02/16
PHL 105 Study Guide Exam 1 Ways We Use Language 1. Descriptive: (attempts to) describe something about the world. 2. Interrogative: ask a question 3. Emotive: expresses an emotion 4. Evocative: elicits an emotion from the listener/reader 5. Directive: to give commands Evaluative: makes a judgement 6. Recreational: for fun, entertainment 7. Performative: their own utterance makes them true 8. Persuasive: attempt to convince someone (possibly yourself) to believe or do something by use of emotion by use of reason -Argument: a group of statements. one or more of which are intended to support one or more of the others. - Statement: descriptive use of language; is true if it accurately describes the world and is false if it inaccurately describes the world. - Premise: a statement that helps to support an argument - Conclusion: a judgement or decision reached by reasoning - Deductive argument: an argument that is intended by the arguer to be valid - Inductive argument: an argument that is intended by the arguer to establish or increase the probability of its conclusion. Correspondence Theory of Truth: states that the truth or falsity of a statement is determined only by how it related to the world and whether it accurately describes the world. Coherence Theory of Truth: truth is defined by reference to the reasons we have for believing something to be true. Pragmatic Theory of Truth: a statement of belief is true if, and only if, it leads to the successful solution of the real problem. Standard form of an argument: Premise . . Premise ____________ Conclusion Diagramming: P C - Primary premises: directly supports primary conclusion - Background premises: indirectly supports the primary conclusion - Primary conclusion: the main conclusion (at the very bottom of the diagram) - Background information: information needed to understand the argument - Background premise: a statement in an argument that doesn't necessarily have an relevance to the argument at hand but it does help to better understand what is going on within the argument Sometimes, you are given parts of an argument and some chunks are missing - it could be relevant information or unnecessary information; these are missing premises. If there is no conclusion to be found right away, this could be a sign that there is a missing conclusion.


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