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Christology Final Exam Study Guide

by: Kiara Lynch

Christology Final Exam Study Guide Rel 223

Marketplace > La Salle University > Religious Studies > Rel 223 > Christology Final Exam Study Guide
Kiara Lynch
La Salle

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These notes cover the material for the final exam including vocab, approaches to Christianity, the Gospels, the family tree of Christianity, the relationship between the development of science and ...
Jesus and His Mission
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kiara Lynch on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Rel 223 at La Salle University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Jesus and His Mission in Religious Studies at La Salle University.


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Date Created: 02/02/16
Religion 223 Final Exam Study Guide TANAK Jewish scriptures T for Torah Henotheism Belief in acknowledging many gods but having an exclusive relationship with one Covenant Binding promise between God and man Central message of Old Testament Abraham, Moses, David, Jeremiah Israel “he who wrestles with God” Jacob’s name became this People became Israelites Extrinsic criticism Context Outside of text; history, geography Intrinsic criticism Concerned with the actual text Genre/style Ex: prophesy, parable Synoptic Sync Gospels that match up Matthew, Mark, Luke Hellenism The spread of Greek language and culture Philosophy family tree- Socrates to Plato to Aristotle to Alexander the Great Helen was an important figure in Greek culture during the Trojan war Orthodoxy Straight/ right belief Middle of two extremes Ex: between Arianism and Docetism Trinity 3 persons in 1 God Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Incarnation To become flesh/meat Jesus becoming human Hypostatic Union Jesus is both God and man 2 natures in 1 person Modalism The belief that there is 1 God who wears 3 different masks Why it’s wrong: all 3 were present at Jesus’ baptism Docetism The belief that Jesus merely appeared to be human/ denial that Jesus was really human Adoptionism The belief that Jesus wasn’t really God at first He was so good that he became God/was adopted by God Martyr Someone murdered for their beliefs/faith Relics Apostate To reject or turn away from Christianity because of the persecutions Scholasticism A particular approach to Christian theology which lays emphasis on the rational understanding/justification and systematic presentation of Christian theology Aquinas displayed this Transubstantiation Eucharist Bread and wine become body and blood Changing the substance but the attributes of bread and wine remain the same Protestantism Christian religions protesting against the Roman Catholic Church Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglican Began in 1517 w/ Martin Luther & his 95 Theses Charism Way of being Christian/expressing one’s faith Ex: monasticism Cuis region, eius religio “whose realm, his religion” The religion of the ruler determined the religion of the society 30 years war over this Deism Belief that there is a creator who does not intervene in the universe View of God as a watchmaker; not personal “the first cause” Religion of most of the founding fathers Fixed universe Began with Newton and his laws of nature Agnosticism Not sure if there’s a God “a lack of knowledge” Began with Darwin Syncretism The attempt to combine different religions that may be mutually exclusive Sometimes referred to as cafeteria religion Relativism The belief that there are no absolute truths It is tolerant- puts up with others To each is own Is self-contradictory- it’s a truth in itself Utilitarianism System of morality that says everything is a tool The end justifies the means The road to hell is paved with good intentions Allows for evil actions Ex: breed out evil Telos Aristotle’s concept of morality is based off of this/key word in his philosophy “purpose,” “goal,” “the end” Everything has it Ex: For humans it is to be happy; an acorn’s purpose is to become a tree Eschaton “the end” in Greek Eschatology- the study of the end of the world/the 2 ndcoming of Christ Apocalypse “the wedding veil” Removal of the wedding veil b/w Jesus and the Church Seeing Christ face to face Jerusalem 50 AD Christianity opens to Gentiles Nicea 325 AD Trinity Chalcedon 450 AD Jesus’ hypostatic union Trent Ended 1563 Response to the Reformation Catechism Vatican II Ended 1965 Opening doors to Christianity Liturgy is translated from Latin to the everyday language (English) 1. Explain the documentary hypothesis according to first two chapters of Genesis. Several strands of oral stories were woven together into one over time by an esttor. Genesis has two different creation stories. 1 story- speaking God, time (7days), Adam and Eve created at the same time (at the end, 6 day), God is referred to as “God” 2ndstory- hands on God, no time scale, Eve is created from Adam’s rib (first things made), God is referred to as “Lord” This shows there were also 2 different time periods these were written in. 2. Order of New Testament Compositions. Oral traditionPaul’s epistles (letters)MarkLukeMatthewJohn 3. Matching of Gospels with facts about their composition. Mark 60 AD In response to losing Peter and Paul “Peter’s Gospel” Outline of other Gospels Shortest Gospel; immediately appears many times Action Gospel  very little of Jesus’ teachings No mention of Jesus’ birth Begins with Jesus at 30 years old st 1 appears in Rome then Egypt Luke 70 AD Acts is the sequel to it “Paul’s Gospel” Mark + teachings of Paul Gentile Gospel Social justice Gospel, written for under and lower classes Introduces Jesus into political world of the Gentiles Makes Jesus a world figure not just a religious figure Became central in Asia Minor (Turkey) and Greece Matthew 70-75 AD Jewish Gospel Connection with O.T. 1 Gospel in N.T. Mark + Q Collection of Jesus’ sayings (oral) Contains the most of Jesus’ teachings Longest Gospel Jesus is the New Moses Jewish life Geneology of Jesus- trace back to Abraham, Moses, and David Palestine John 90 AD Separate from other 3 synoptic Gospels Theological Gospel Relates and expounds upon Gospel Explains life of Jesus- eagle eye view Introduce Jesus as a cosmic figure Beloved, youngest apostle Most popular in Asia Minor 4. Explain one of the models of Atonement that we looked at in class. Ransom- Ransom is a payment to a kidnapper to set a person free. Humans are the ones kidnapped and death and the devil are the kidnappers. Jesus is able to pay the ransom because of his 2 natures: human and divine. This applies the bait/fish hook theory. Jesus’ human nature was the bait that he lured the devil in with and his divine nature was the hook because the devil could not hold him. (Taken in as human, but death cannot hold him.) Debt- Humans owe God for our sins and we are in debt to Him. God becomes human in order to pay the debt. He can pay it because he is infinite and as he does this, he builds up credit of merit that can come down to the Church. Exemplar- Recapitulation of how Jesus is the example of the perfect human and how we should try to be like him. It presents Jesus as the New Adam and the Church as the New Eve. The old Adam brought death and sin into the world through eating of the fruit of the tree and the new Adam brought salvation to the world through his death on the cross. The old Eve was born from the rib (side) of Adam, and the new Eve was born from Christ. (when Jesus was on the Cross and was pierced in the side and water flowed out) 5. How did Christianity go from illegal to official in the Roman Empire? -3 reasons There is no such thing as bad publicity. The persecutions of Christians presented the religion to the whole world and people became curious as to why Christians weren’t apostacizing. At the top of the social class were rich men, the emperor, and no Christians. At the bottom, were the majority of the people, which included women and slaves who were Christians. When Constantine converted, the majority of people were already Christian. Constantine won the battle for the empire and overnight, the Empire becomes Christian. Edict of Toleration – 311 AD- allowed Christians to publicly worship; 1 Church buildings Official religion of Roman Empire- 312 AD 6. Family tree of Christianity Catholic Great Schism 1054 AD Roman Eastern Catholic Orthodoxy Roman Reformatio Catholic n 1517 AD Lutheran Calvinism Anglican Puritan 7. The relationship between the development of science and the effect on religion. Galileo’s discovery that the sun was the center of the universe, made questions of religion go from why to how. There was a tension between religion and science because people were not ready to hear the news but Galileo publishes it anyway. Newton, who discovered gravity and the laws of nature, was an Anglican. His works influenced the beginning of Deism. Darwin’s theory of evolution raised the spread of Agnosticism. Marxism saw religion as an opium. He believed religion was not needed and Atheism began to spread. 8. How is classical Christian sexual ethics based on Aristotle’s notion telos? Aristotle believed that everything has a telos or purpose. Sex’s main purpose is reproduction and procreation. If one has sex for reasons other than this, such as pleasure or emotion, it is considered to be a sexual disorder. This is because the primary goal is put out of order. 9. What are some of the main elements in Christian eschatology? Christian eschatology is the study of the end of the world or the second coming of Christ. There are 3 levels of Tradition: Revelation, Gospel, and Paul. Revelation uses symbolism, such as numbers. 7 is the perfect number, and 6 symbolizes evil and someone who is trying to be like God but falls short. Revelation also talks about the Apocalypse, in which we will come face to face with God. It is written for a Christian audience under Roman persecution to give hope. The Gospels talk about the final judgment. This talks about how only Jesus can judge us; we cannot judge each other. Jesus does not give a date for the final judgment because it is only God’s business. We must live our whole lives in expectation. The Gospels also talk about the resurrection of the body. When one dies, they live forever both in body and soul. Paul talks about eternal life and Easter. Jesus is the 1 fruits of the resurrection which means that without His resurrection, faith does not make sense. His resurrection causes our resurrection. Jesus is the new Adam who gives life, whereas the old Adam killed through sin. Paul also talks about Heaven, which is a state of being in communion with God, Hell, which is a rd state of being in separation with God, and Purgatory, which is not a 3 destination, but a way to heaven.


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