Church of ROme Final Study Guide
Church of ROme Final Study Guide TRS 362R
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CLA MAT 191.006
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Anna Borges on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TRS 362R at Catholic University of America taught by Dr. David Dawson Vasquez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Church of Rome in Humanities and Social Sciences at Catholic University of America.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Theology of the Church in Rome Final 1. Who is the head of the Church? Jesus!!! Seen through the Pope on Earth. 2. In the light of Lumen Gentium, chapter 1, discuss how the Church is understood to be the means of salvation for humanity. In your answer, include the definition of salvation and the concrete way in which the Church should bring this about. salvation is becoming more complete; being healed from self destructing behaviors, limiting ourselves from the thoughts and behaviors that bring us to God manifesting God’s activity in our lives NOT what happens when you die healing from deficiencies, incompleteness begins when you turn toward God complete when you enter into new creation be holy by: meditation, prayer, feed poor, forgive, turn the other cheek concrete learning how to be a better persontreat others well, etc. Church as means to salvation: clear and direct path to become complete human being conscious realization about best person you can be better people when you practice how to love be changed by doing it together 3. In the light of Lumen Gentium, chapter 2, how does the Roman Catholic Church understand the boundaries of the Church? In what way can nonCatholics and non Christians be considered to be related to the Church? being other Christians into truth recognize other Christians aren’t Devil worshippers and share in truth of Christ ask how they live a Christian life humanity is the object of God’s love be an example, but also ask other, but also see them living a Christian way Boundaries of the Church: related to Church if you accept the truth and Baptized not complete though must live Christianity in Roman Catholic way if being like Jesus (and not Roman Catholic), you can still be part of the Church all humans are worthy of our love, benefit from message of Christ and all people have some of God’s grace only outside the church if you reject the truth fully part of the Church: Roman Catholic and doing Roman Catholic practices 4. What is meant, officially, by the Local Church in Roman Catholic perspective? Local Church everyone in your community people you know head Bishop Universal Church worldwide Church 5. In the light of Lumen Gentium, chapter 3 and the examples of history, Discuss the importance of the local Church for Christians. How has the dignity and role of bishops been asserted and preserved throughout the second millennium? What does the Roman Catholic Church hold today about the proper relationship of bishops to the Pope? Role of Local Church: guide people in salvation, lead and teach what Christ is about specific culture and time in local community Second Milleniumlocal bishops get more poweralways concern of power of Bishops not meant to override Relationship of Pope & Bishops: Vatican I bishops are the highest level of ministry In teaching, leading and guiding, Pope is equal to the bishops Bishops need central focus of power Pope Bishop of Rome and whole Church Communion with Pope means that local bishops are teaching the right thing Pope needs to appoint Bishops, make Canon Law keep church apostolic Pope needs authority for union (and jurisdictional power) 12th century local churches so submerged in local can’t rise above local power don’t know real message of Christ do what kind wants them to do 6. Describe the understanding of the Church in the following traditions. Include in your answer how each tradition understands the exercise of authority in the Church and how the unity of the Church is maintained across regions and nations. (a) Anglican Communion, (b) Lutheran, (c) Presbyterian, (d) Baptist, (e) Pentecostal, (f) Quaker. Anglican: Formed by Henry VIII Book of Common Prayer Communion of Local churches Church of England Episcopal Church Church of Ireland communion = primary virtue unity and truth secondary all bishops have authority, no jurisdictional power, very local No definition of Eucharist symbol Ordain Women Lutheran: adhere to Augsburg Confession ritualistic based on level of people bishops approved by pastors; pastors approved by people bishops; pastors approved by people Presbyterian: followed in tradition of Calvin Heidelberg Catechism Westminster Confession of Faith no bishops In communion with local churches Baptist: First founded by John Smyth Get baptized after you are saved( after you believe) pastor assisted by deacons no sense of sacrament or ritual action Similar to Calvinism Church is community of the saved Unity is in Jesus’ hands Scriptures are literal; Holy Spirit helps you Importance is dedication to life of Christ Pentecostal: Holiness tradition congregationally based emphasize the experience of the Holy Spirit selfidentified Christianity Bible is literally true Doctrine and liturgy are not needed; Holy Spirit will move within you Quaker: no need for authority; very individual founded by George Fox Founded by call of the Holy Spirit follow on own terms no hierarchy in Church everyone is equal Society of Friends 7. Why do all Christians, other than Roman Catholics, reject a centralized jurisdiction in the Church? Why do Reformed Protestants reject a jurisdictional primacy for bishops, or even reject the office of bishop? no bishops above another unity of Church by Christ and Holy Spirit Jurisdictional power would reject Holy Spirit 8. Describe the following movements and show how they understand the relationship of local Church to universal Church: (a) conciliarism, (b) Gallicanism, (c) Ultramontanism The movements are a reaction to Centralization of Church Conciliarism: 1415th centuries, movement after Papal Schism; shows centralization doesn’t work; discusses uncertainty of which is the right pope; Bishop has authority and Pope is the last option Gallicanism: th 1617 centuries (after Council of Trent) started in France, French king wanted more authority thought individual churches should have more power than Pope Defends local authority Gallican Articles of 1682: reject papal claim to secular power Pope is subject to church law superiority of council to Pope Doctrine is irrevocable only when it has “received the consent of the Church” Ultramontanism: 19th century Attempts to unite under one ruler, emphasis on centralization, voice of Pope heard everywhere Idea that papacy is the supreme power on earth(Joseph de Maistre) Papacy is necessary for giving moral guidance to political power. (Father Gioacchino Ventura) 9. Why was jurisdictional power given to the papacy in the 1113 centuries? What were some of the concrete means of exercising this power? *not finished* 12th century reforms *sex, money, politics* authorize who can be saints priestly celibacy stop simony (buy way into Church office) taking bishops out of authority/Domination of political powers 10. What effect did the papal schism have on the West’s understanding of the exercise of the papal office? 11. What were some of the measures put in place after the Council of Trent that further centralized authority in the Roman Catholic Church? Reforms to keep Catholics on right path laity more involved contemplating during Mass more preaching, education, involvement in liturgy Catechism shows what’s being taught Seminaries educational process for priests Papal Diplomatic Commission Papal representatives for every country 12. Discuss the idea of papal infallibility. In what way is the infallibility of the Church a common belief of all Christians? Discuss various theories of how the Church is preserved in the truth, using examples from history. Compare the documents of Vatican I and Vatican II on papal infallibility. Papal infallibility salvation church must tell the truth Pope infallible → ex cathedra: speaking as the authority of the church in authority as Pope faith and morals meant universally Vatican I → same conditions (makes it seem like Pope is infallible whenever he wants) Vatican II → elaborate on infallibility, broader why & when do we want it? needed time → declare matters extreme case when you need truth expressed 13. Why do most Christians believe that the Church should be concerned with both spiritual and temporal power? Discuss what kind of exercise of temporal power is best for the Church, using specific historical examples with careful analysis. Salvation of Souls salvation of soul has to do with what’s going on in the world freedom to do it all about caring for material needs of people spiritual and temporal power dialogue with community to keep position and freedom what temporal power is best? if church is best, why isn’t it making laws? *final may include forming your own opinion about it* 14. What is the role of the laity in the Church? What did Ignatius of Loyola have to say about this? Laity: not ordained, normal, average, faithful Catholic -role to change the world, pray for the world Ignatius of Loyola: everyone is called to dedicate lives to Christ and in doing so they’ll find unique vocation in the world need to strive for holiness makes people unique discover what we like/ where we’re fulfilled discernmentfind vocation in word 15. How should the Church respond to changes in culture? How did the Jesuits and baroque architecture in general illustrate this principle? Baroque Architecture → glorified everything Jesuits say assimilate parts of culture that are good into Catholicism image life of Christ in culture -Church endorses Baroque → it was Church of the time 16. What is the Church? How should it be organized? What does it mean to say that it is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic? Use specific examples from documents and from history. utilize strengths to make people better and promote salvation most promotes human fulfillment -everyone has different roles → hierarchy referent who interprets Christ for community make most of people’s talents and gifts takes place by regularly gathering together and utilizing physical things (sacraments) One everyone acts according together, believes the same thing, recognized as family Holy acts according to God; fully human and united to God; presence of God and humanity Catholic universal (beliefs, same meaning) -Apostolic traditions & beliefs come from Apostles → same that Jesus taught TERMS AND EVENTS Define and give their significance for ecclesiology; for the events, give their general dates (century is fine) 1. Simony buying ecclesiastical offices 2. Nepotism giving family office in the Church 3. Gregorian Reform 12th century, cleaned Papal office 4. Conciliarism 1415th centuries, reaction to centralization of church; movement after Papal Schism; shows centralization doesn’t work; discusses uncertainty of which is the right pope; Bishop has authority and Pope is the last option 5. Gallicanism 1617th centuries 6. Rationalism 1819th centuries; reason over everything 7. Ultramontanism 19th century; attempts to unite under one ruler, emphasis on centralization, voice of Pope → heard everywhere 8. Ecumenism dialogue among Christians 9. Avignon Papacy 14th century; Papacy moves to South France, time of development; central in Europe, at time in Naples, away from Rome increase bureaucracy of papacy cardinals= pope in decisions of Church 10. The Papal Schism1415th centuries 11. Council of Constance brought schism to an end 15th century 14141418 Martin V Haec Sancta (1415) direct authority from Christ, can be called for reform of Church, Pope must obey 12. Protestant Reformation 16th century 13. Council of Trent16th century 14. First Vatican Council 19th century 15. Lateran Concordat of 1929 deal with Mussolini → establishment of Vatican City as independent state 16.Second Vatican Council 1960s updated the language of the church and reformed the liturgy
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