Intro To Sociology, Study Guide for Test
Intro To Sociology, Study Guide for Test SO 1003
Popular in Intro to Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Liyah Notetaker on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by David Evans in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
Reviews for Intro To Sociology, Study Guide for Test
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/03/16
Aliyah Alexander Intro to Sociology Study Guide Covers everything we’ve went over. The Sociological Imagination I. Sociology and The Sociological Perspective II. The Sociological Imagination III. What Is A Social Institution IV. Origins of Sociology V. Classical Sociological Theory VI. American Sociology VII. Modern Sociological Theories VIII. Macrosociology & Microsociology I. Sociology – systemic study of human society Society – a group of people who share a culture and territory The Sociological Perspective – understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context Thinking Like a Sociologist Making the Familiar Strange or Seeing the Strange in the Familiar Seeing the General in Public The Sociological Perspective Helps us assess the truth of common sense Helps us see the opportunities and constraints in our lives Empowers us to be active participants in our society Helps us live in a diverse world Lecture Notes When we get out in society we began to be in different groups. Groups influence society. Groups are things such as family, school, social, etc. These groups make up society. Sociology is concerned with looking at patterns among groups of people. When we do research, we have different characteristics. Society has a system of government set up. Sociology is related to disciplines. Disciplines study human behavior. Psychology Anthropology Criminology Biology Economics 1/21/16 II. C. Wright Mills Sociological Imagination – the ability to connect the most basic, intimate aspects of an individual’s life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical facts. Linking Personal Problems Into Public Issues The Great Depression Emile Durkheim – Suicide (1897) Men, Protestants, Wealthy, and Unmarried have higher suicide rates than women, Catholics and Jews, Poor, and Married Social Integration – the degree to which people are tied to their social groups Connection between history and biography History – broad steam of events that societies are located in Biography – personal experiences within specific historical settings III. What is a Social Institution? Social Institution – a complex group of interdependent positions that, together, perform a social role and reproduce themselves over time Economy, family, political systems, religion, education, health care, law, science, military, mass media, etc. IV. Origins of Sociology The Discipline of Sociology is the result of a number of changes in society during the 1700s and 1800s Major Changes in Society 1. A shift from agriculture and small manufacturing to industrial, factory production 2. Political change 3. The Growth of the Cities 4. Imperialism 5. The Scientific Method Scientific Method – the use of objective, systemic observations to test theories The Sociology of Sociology (Founding Fathers) August Come (17981857) 1. Theological Stage 2. Metaphysical Stage 3. Scientific Stage Positivism – applying the scientific method to the social world Harriet Martineau Morals – society’s collective ideas of prescribed and proscribed behavior Manners – patterns of action and association in a society Anomalies – contradictions between society’s declared morals and its habituated manners Herbert (18201903) Survival of the Fittest Social Darwinism VI. Karl Marx Class Conflict – conflict between social classes in society Social Classes 1. Bourgeoisie – capitalist, owned the means of production ( money, land, factories, machines) 2. Proletariat – workers 3. Social Facts patterns found in society 4. Mechanical Solidarity – people are very similar in their beliefs, norms, and common sentiments 5. Organic Solidarity – individuals become more specialized in their skills and interdependent on others 6. Social Regulation – the amount of external constraint placed on individuals behavior 7. Social Integration the degree to which people are tied to their social groups 8. Anomie normlessness MAX WEBER Max Weber is said to have brought ideas back into history. He is most famous for his essay “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. His most important contribution was the concept of Verstehen. 9. Verstehen – understanding; insight into someone’s situation or perspective. 10. Subjective Meanings how people interpret their situation, how they view what they are doing, and how they are viewing what is happening to them. 11. Interpretive Sociology the study of social meaning. AMERICAN SOCIOLOGY Throughout the history of sociology. They became more focused on empirical research. American sociology was best embodied by what was referred to as The Chicago School. The basic premise was Social Ecology. 12. Social Ecology – Human behavior and personality are shaped by social and physical environments. The theory of “social self” emerged from the work of the social psychologists Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead. Charles Horton Cooley “lookingglass self” George Herbert Mead “Generalized other” W.E.B Du Bois The most important black sociologist of the time. He was the first African American to receive a PhD from Harvard. He developed The Double Consciousness. 13. The Veil of Race how race covers all human relations 14. The Talented Tenth elite of highly educated, African Americans The Professors PowerPoints have any additional information needed!
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'