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TOLEDO / Chemistry / MBC 1230 / What is the percent yield of h2o if 138g is produced from 16g of h2 an

What is the percent yield of h2o if 138g is produced from 16g of h2 an

What is the percent yield of h2o if 138g is produced from 16g of h2 an

Description

School: University of Toledo
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry 1
Professor: Terry bigiono
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: General Chemistry 1230
Cost: 50
Name: General Chem 1230 Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: This is a study guide for our first exam.
Uploaded: 02/04/2016
5 Pages 65 Views 1 Unlocks
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General Chemistry Midterm Exam 1 Study Guide


What is the percent yield of h2o if 138g is produced from 16g of h2 and excess o2?




What is the smallest ratio of elements?



Conversions

Ex) 355 km  10^3m  10^­3s = 355 m 

               S     1 km       ms              ms

Empirical Formula is the smallest ratio of elements.

Ex) C2 H3 O2 is empirical

       C4 H6 O4 is not empirical. 2 can be divided out of them all.

Molecular formula is a multiple of the empirical formula.

Ex)

   Limiting reactant


What is a multiple of the empirical formula?



If you want to learn more check out What is the main cause of disease?

NH3 + O2         NO + H2O

NO is the limiting reactant.

Percent Yield

Actual yield          * 100%

Theoretical Yield

What is the percent yield of H2O if 138g is produced from 16g of H2 and excess O2? 2H2 + 02 = 2H2O

# g H2O = 16g H2 * 1 mol H2 * 2 mol H2O * 18.02g H20 = 143g H2O                                   2.02g H2    2 mol H2        1 mol H2O

% yield = actual * 100%  = 138g H2O *100% = 96.7%

              theoretical              143g H2O  We also discuss several other topics like How can exchange theory be used to understand/interpret actors behavior?
If you want to learn more check out What are the five main points that make up dalton's atomic theory?

Formulas

Grams given * 1 mol * 6.022x10^23 molecules = ?molecules

                     Molar mass         1 mol

                    Of element(s)

XMass given * 1 mol of X     *   Ymoles given in formula   *  Grams of Y   = Grams of Y                   Molar mass of X        X moles given in formula       1 mol of Y        

Molarity = Moles of solute              M = n           n = v * M      v = n 

               Volume of solute (L)                v                                       M

Molarity = mol          M = mol 

                    L                      L

Electrolytes are compounds that ionize and conduct electricity

Strong acids and bases are strong electrolytes

Weak electrolytes are: 

∙ HF

∙ HCN

∙ C2H4O2

Soluble Elements and compounds

∙ Li

∙ Na

∙ K

∙ Rb

∙ Cs

∙ NH4+ Don't forget about the age old question of How the behavior is acquired?

∙ NO3­

∙ ClO4­

∙ C2H3O2­

∙ SO4^2­  except Sr^2+ , Ba2+ , Hg2^2+ , Pb^2+ ∙ Cl­

∙ Br­           except Ag+ , Hg2^2+ , Pb^2+

∙ I

Oxidation: loss of one or more electrons

Reduction: gain of one or more electrons

Redox: electrons are transferred 

H2 S O4     2(+1) + ? + 4(­2) = 0 net charge

+1  ?  ­2      S = +6

(charges)

Redox: hydrocarbon + 02(g)          CO2(g) + H2O(l)  Titration

Net Ionic Equation If you want to learn more check out What is the most effective treatment for panic disorder?
If you want to learn more check out When was the new world discovered?

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