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pgjwmj

pgjwmj

Description

School: University of Arkansas
Department: Political Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: Karen sebold
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Government, Week 3
Description: notes cover chapter 3, test questions from quiz included
Uploaded: 02/04/2016
7 Pages 220 Views 2 Unlocks
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Chapter 3We also discuss several other topics like What are assets?

Objectives

  • What is Federalism?
  • What are the roles of each government?
  • How has Federalism changed over time?
  • Pros and cons of Federalism

What is Federalism?

  • Federalism: system of government in which powers are divided and shared by a central government and its sub - divisional governments
  • Federalists = for the constitution
  • Created Federal papers that supported constitutions
  • Constitution - ratified (Bill of Rights was created)
  • National government, stae, country, municipal, townships, school districts, and other types of government
  • 89,527 governments in the U.S.

Role of Each GovernmentWe also discuss several other topics like What is a claim on the issuer’s future income or assets?
Don't forget about the age old question of What pertains to collected data that may be accessed and analyzed using tools and techniques that assist managers in decision making?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is a cell within the nervous system that receives and transmits info?
If you want to learn more check out Explain the purpose of positive youth development.
We also discuss several other topics like What are the different types of bones?

Federal Government

  • Interstate and international commerce
  • Ratifying treaties with foreign countries
  • Maintaining national armed forces

State Governments

  • Provision and maintenance of infrastructure
  • Involved with interstate commerce so federal Government can come in
  • Public safety and police
  • Vastly different from state - state
  • Still looks the same today
  • Federal government comes in and says there are something they have to do when processing a criminal
  • Regulating interstate business matters

Local Government

  • Zoning ordinances
  • City water and sewage

Different Eras and Federalism

  • 1789 - 1932: Dual Federalism
  • 1932 - 1968: cooperative Federalism
  • Big growth in Federalism because of Great Depression → psychological attachment
  • 1968 - present: New Federalism
  • Johnson comes in and tries to fix problems from Great Depression
  • Nixon and Reagan - involved national government and empower states
  • Regulation and money change throughout the 3 Eras
  • Dual Federalism - like a layer cake
  • State and federal governments are not intertwined
  • Cooperative Federalism - like a marble cake
  • State and Federal governments are very involved

Court Decisions that Expanded National Authority

  • McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
  • Conflict over the national bank
  • Maryland tries to tax national bank but teller refuses
  • Establishes the “Necessary and Proper Clause”
  • Federal government powers are elastic
  • Expands commercial activity
  • Teller was right
  • Establishes the idea of implied powers
  • Power of government grows and blooms
  • Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
  • Conflict over waterways between NY and NJ
  • Both state say that they can have it
  • Supreme court has the power
  • Established the “commerce clause”
  • Leads to major growth in congress’ economic power

The Great Depression

  • Collapse of Financial Markets and Banks
  • High unemployment
  • Poverty especially in rural areas
  • Dust Bowl → leads to huge change in political party allegiance
  • State governments do not have capacity to deal

FDR's New Deal 1933 - 1939

  • Went from 5 stage / Federal departments to many more
  • Social Security Act - novel at the time
  • Taxing the wealthy takes off after the Great Depression
  • First President that changes government from congressionally centered to presidentially centered government

The Courts - VP to 1937

  • 8/10 cases overturned in 1935 except for emergency monetary measures and TVA
  • Supreme court - more conservation
  • Afraid president was getting too strong
  • Butler court
  • Schechter Poultry Corporation vs. U.S.(1935) → struck down the National Industrial Recovery Act
  • U.S. vs. Butler (1936) voided the Agricultural Adjustment Act, Federal Farm Bankruptcy Act, Railroad Act, and Coal Mining Act
  • Carter vs. Carter Code Company (1936) void legislation regulating coal industry
  • Morehead vs. New York (1936) voided NY minimum wage law for women and children
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