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Anthropology Review # 1

by: Azanay Notetaker

Anthropology Review # 1 15024

Azanay Notetaker
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

Anthropology review basics, culture, and some language.
Human Culture & Communication
Chad Huddleston
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Azanay Notetaker on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 15024 at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville taught by Chad Huddleston in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Human Culture & Communication in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.

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Date Created: 02/04/16
What is anthropology? Anthropology is the study of the human species. How do you define culture? Culture is the shared patterns of learned behaviors. What is ethnocentrism? Ethnocentrism is the tendency to view one’s own culture as best and to judge the behavior and beliefs of culturally different people by one’s own standards. What is a good aspect of ethnocentrism? A good aspect of ethnocentrism is that two cultures can find a common interest and produce social solidarity. What is an extreme aspect of ethnocentrism? An extreme aspect of ethnocentrism is genocide where one culture believe they are the best so no other culture should exist. How do you define cultural relativity? Cultural relativity is position that the values and standards of cultures differ and each should be respected in their own terms. What is a good aspect of cultural relativity? A good aspect of cultural relativity is that one culture will have open- mindedness and to another cultures beliefs promoting diversity. What is an extreme aspect of cultural relativity? An extreme aspect of cultural relativity is ignoring/allowing/denying extreme aspects of ethnocentrism. What is fieldwork? Fieldwork is actively observing and participating in the culture being study where they live. (Or now online) What is participant observation? Participant observation is participating in certain cultural events during fieldwork while analyzing and asking questions about the activities. What is the metaphorical ladder discussed in class? Who was at the top? What kinds of people were in the middle? The bottom? The metaphorical ladder was the ladder of civilization. It was based on European standards and their beliefs on what made people civilized (they are also on top of the ladder). The middle was barbarians who displayed some characteristics of civilization but not all. Savages were at the bottom with no (or not recognized) signs of civilization. What was the rationale behind the ladder? The rationale behind the ladder was that to be civilized you must have language, religion, government, etc. It was also based on material wealth. What is holism? Holism is the analysis of society as a whole. What is enculturation? Enculturation is the process by which a culture is learned and transmitted through generations. Why is acquisition an important aspect of culture? Acquisition is an important aspect of culture because acquisition is how we process and learn culture. What are some of the ways that we explain human behavior in anthropology?(this is the list of different theories that we covered in class) Evolutionism Empiricism Functionalism Materialism Structuralism Interpretive Conflict What is a dialect? Dialect is a form of language that is focused in specific region or social group. What is displacement? Displacement is the ability to speak about things that are not phsycically present of have no physical presence (ex. Love) due to the symbolic meaning on language. What is a symbol? Signal? A symbol is a taught sound or gesture that represents a meaning that is not self- evident. A signal is a recognized sound or gesture that does represent a meaning that is self-evident. Is Ebonics a form of English? or is it just incorrect? Ebonics is a form of English. It is its own language with grammar rules and society that speaks it. What is kinesics? What are some different ways we use our body to communicate? Kinesics is the study of body language. Some different ways we us our body to communicate is personal space, eye contact, hand gestures, etc. What is Chomsky’s universal grammar? Why do pidgins and creoles relate back to it? Chomsky’s universal grammar is that every language has similar grammar rules which is the bases of human language. Pidgins and creoles relate back to it because even though they are a combination of many different languages and are different from each other they still share basic grammar rules. Why is phonology important? Phonology is important because its studies the sounds that are present and significant in a language along with the evolution of language. Because of study these things we can try and answer why some words are used more the others, why certain people use them, what do these words actually mean etc. What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? The Sapir- Whorf hypothesis is that if you speak a gendered language then you will see the world as gendered.


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