Chapter 4 Psychology Study Guide
Chapter 4 Psychology Study Guide 23512
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Smith on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 23512 at University of Toledo taught by Jason Brouwer in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Chapter 4 Study Guide: Consciousness 4.1What is consciousness. o Altered state of consciousness- occurs when there is a shift in the quality or pattern of you mental activity Thoughts may become fuzzy and disorganized You may feel less alert Sometimes being in an altered state you are in a state of increased awareness 4.2 Sleep o The Biology of Sleep People must sleep The Rhythms of Life: Circadian Rhythms Circadian rhythm- a cycle of bodily rhythm that occurs over a 24 hour period (EX- a sleep cycle) the sleep cycle is controlled by the brain, specifically by an area within the hypothalamus, the tiny section of the brain that influences the glandular system 4.3 Stage of Sleep o REM and Non-REM Know the 4 Stages and what happens in each stage N1 N2 N3 N4 4.4 Sleep Disorders o Insomnia and how to help it o Night terrors/nightmares 4.5 Dreams o Freud’s Theory Manifest content Latent content The activation-synthesis hypothesis 4.6 Hypnosis o Steps in Hypnosis o Theories in hypnosis o Social cognitive theory 4.7 The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs o Dependence Physical dependence Drug tolerance Withdrawal o Depressants --know the side effects Major tranquilizers- barbiturates Minor tranquilizers-benzodiazepines Alcohol Narcotics o Stimulants --know the side effects Caffeine Nicotine Cocaine and crack o Hallucinogens Marijuana LSD PCP
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