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UF - CRJU 3024 - APCJ Exam 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

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Schools > University of Florida > Criminology and Criminal Justice > CRJU 3024 > UF - CRJU 3024 - APCJ Exam 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

UF - CRJU 3024 - APCJ Exam 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

School: University of Florida
Department: Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course: Advanced Principles of Criminology Justice
Professor: Marvin Krohn
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: APCJ, Krohn, marv krohn, Advanced Principles of Criminal Justice, criminology, and Criminal Justice
Name: APCJ Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Hey guys! This is the study guide for the first exam on Tuesday, Feb 9th, and it covers all the lectures as well as the chapters we have to read. I included all the important info that Professor Krohn went over today in the review as well as anything else you need to know! So if you're confused about the book, or missed a lecture, this will surely help! Good luck studying!
Uploaded: 02/04/2016
0 5 3 23 Reviews
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background image Advanced Principles of Criminal Justice  Study Guide Exam 1    Exam: Feb 9 th     Covers chs 1-3 in textbook and 2-3 in WS as well as lectures (included with chs)    50 MC Questions  Ch 2 (textbook)    What is crime?  o  Criminal law- branch of law that proscribes formal punishment for violation of  society's rules, or offenses against the state.    Civil law- violations against individual  o  Summary offenses- minor offenses that allows CJ system to dispense with them  regularly  o  Status offenses- class of offenses that are illegal for juveniles but not for adults 
o  Deviant behavior- violation of norms 
  Social v legal definition of crime    Legal definition-any act or omission of an act prohibited by the  public law for the protection of the public and made punishable by 
the state in a judicial proceeding in its own name 
  Social definition- behavior that is harmful to the interests of  society and/or humanity  o  Why use legal? – distinguishes between norms, moral and  social definitions and specifies behavior and consequences, 
but also accepts ruling power as definer of crime and 
assumes law is protection 
  Natural Law- moral law  o  Mala in se v mala prohibita  o  Elements    Commission of act 
  Criminal intent 
  General, specific and transferred    Concurrence 
  Causation 
  Harm (occurs in all crimes) 
o  Defenses    Affirmative defense- admit to crime w/ excuse (ex: self-defense, consent)  o  Research    Archival, surveys, case studies and field research    know difference between complete observer, participant as  observer and complete participant  Ch 1 (textbook) 
background image   Criminal Justice (CJ) system  o  Components of system- police, courts and corrections 
o  Stages of justice process 
  Investigation 
  Arrest 
  Booking 
  Initial Appearance (explained rights) 
  Preliminary hearing (evidence) 
  Grand jury/ indictment (court) 
  Arraignment 
  Guilty-sentencing (90% of cases)    Not guilty- trial  o  Plea bargaining- Pleading guilty subjects you to the  punishment you are given, but pleading not guilty could be 
better, if you win, or much worse 
  Appeals  
  Sanction 
  Jail v prison    Release (parole)    CJ Funnel – only about 2% of all crimes committed end up with  the criminal incarcerated  o  Only 50% reported, 20% arrested, 29/1000 found guilty  o  Models    Crime control – focus on protecting public; moves quickly 
  Due process – focus on protecting defendant’s rights; uses formal structure 
  Wedding cake model (Walker)  
  Top – celebrated cases    2 nd  and 3 rd  layer – major/minor felonies    Bottom – misdemeanors  o  Scientific Parts    Objectivity- criminal justice scholars must not let their values drive  research endeavors    Parsimony- scientist create the simplest explanation possible in examining  topics under study    Ethical Neutrality- criminal justice researchers should not allow their own  ethical beliefs to guide their research efforts    Determinism- behavior is caused by or influenced by preceding events 
  Skepticism- scientists must question the re-question everything 
o  Parts of CJ system    Legislative- defines laws 
  Judicial – determines constitutionality of laws 
  Law Enforcement – investigates and apprehends 
  Courts – charges and sentences 
background image   Corrections – incapacitating and maybe rehabilitation  o  Law – legal v social definition    Legal- formal social control and rules enforced by political community 
  Social- obligations and moral responsibility to community norms 
  Social norm- legal if disobeying it provokes the application or  physical force by individuals possessing the socially-recognized 
duty (Hoebel) 
  Order- law if it is externally guaranteed by the probability that  coercion brings about conformity and people are ready to avenge 
the violation (Weber) 
  Issues raised  o  Legal norm = institutionalized norm 
Bohannon’s notion of double institutionalization    Primary rules- substance of law 
  Secondary rules- application or form of law 
  Social contract as basis 
o  Coercion, third party involvement and questions of  legitimate authority    How defined?    Substance – types of behaviors    Function – intended to do    Form- elements (most important definer of law)  o  Know examples of each    Types    Common / case law- derived from earlier judicial processes    Statutory- acts of legislative body    Administrative- regulations by both state and local agencies    Constitutional- basic rules that serve as guides for decision making  process and future laws    Applying law    Formalistic – internal logic and applies to all cases    Social- flexible for interest of citizens  o  Justice    Just- recognized as good by society 
  Justice- evaluation of concrete situations to determine law distribution 
  Rawls Theory- basis for defining what is just  o  Veil of ignorance    Every person has equal political liberty 
  Social and economic inequalities must not exist 
unless they benefit even the worst of society  o  Implications    Liberty comes first 

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School: University of Florida
Department: Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course: Advanced Principles of Criminology Justice
Professor: Marvin Krohn
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: APCJ, Krohn, marv krohn, Advanced Principles of Criminal Justice, criminology, and Criminal Justice
Name: APCJ Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Hey guys! This is the study guide for the first exam on Tuesday, Feb 9th, and it covers all the lectures as well as the chapters we have to read. I included all the important info that Professor Krohn went over today in the review as well as anything else you need to know! So if you're confused about the book, or missed a lecture, this will surely help! Good luck studying!
Uploaded: 02/04/2016
9 Pages 74 Views 59 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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