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ECU - ANTH 1000 - Test 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

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Schools > East Carolina University > Sociology > ANTH 1000 > ECU - ANTH 1000 - Test 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

ECU - ANTH 1000 - Test 1 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image ANTH 1000 Test 1 Study Guide
Quizlet Link:  https://quizlet.com/_1xnj5i
What is the common theme among all of the social sciences?
they study humans and their behavior Which of the following is NOT a type of archaeological evidence that we use 
to study the past?
bioturbation Soil stratigraphy and typologies are two examples of: relative dating The sudden and complete covering of a potential archaeological site by a 
dramatic natural occurrence,  such as a volcanic eruption, is called the:
Pompeii effect According to Kottak, the concept of illness is described as A condition of poor health perceived or felt by an individual based on  his/her cultural ideas of health 
In the article "Body Ritual of the Nacirema" by Horace Miner (Unit 2), the 
author describes the Nacirema as being obsessed with:
beauty An example of applied anthropology with a physical anthropology focus 
would be: forensic anthropology
The primary method that Cultural anthropologists use to gather data is 
known as
ethnography in the western world, the sciences are sorted into which two categories? natural and social definition of anthropology the study of humans; "anthropos" = humans 4 subfields of anthropology biological, archaeology, linguistics, cultural biological anthropology study of beings as biological beings archaeology study of human cultures via material remains linguistics anthropology study of languages cultural anthropology (focus on contemporary cultures) applied anthropology (anthropological inquiry or methods used to solve social problems; can  come from any of the 4 subfields)
why anthropology considered a science
objectivity, test interpretations, use scientific method holistic perspective focus on interrelationships between facts of human conditions comparative perspective meaning found in both differences and similarities excavation
background image act of digging a hole and leave part of site intact; goals: recover  samples, features for context
ethnography
the scientific description of the customs of individual people and  cultures
goal of fieldwork
to discover patterns in human behavior evidence used to study past artifacts/fossils, features, fossils sites preserved areas of human activity how sites can be created pompeii effect, stratified sites pompeii effect sudden and complete covering of a potential archeological site by a 
dramatic natural occurrence, such as a volcano
stratified sites sites  arranged/classified into layers; allows for relative dating of layers and  artifacts
bioturbation
the disturbance of sedimentary deposits by living organisms taphonomy studies study of site destruction/alteration geomagnetics magnetic properties of the earth; remote sensing systematic/pedestrian survey archeological technique of detailed examination of an area for the 
purpose of recording the location and significance of archeological 
resources; provides a regional perspective by gathering information on 
settlement patterns over a large area
passive methods geomagnetic, systematic/pedestrian survey active methods ground penetrating radar (GPR), shovel test pits ground penetrating radar method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface; uses 
electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band of the radio 
spectrum, and detects the reflected signals from subsurface structures
shovel test pits part of the CRM methodology and a popular form of rapid archeological
survey in the US and Canada
dating techniques relative methods vs absolute methods relative methods stratigraphy, typologies stratigraphy

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School: East Carolina University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Anthropology
Professor: Joanne Phipps
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Anthropology
Name: Test 1 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover what will be on our first exam on Thursday. Very helpful and will save you time!
Uploaded: 02/04/2016
4 Pages 99 Views 79 Unlocks
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