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ANTH 1000 Test 1 Study Guide Quizlet Link: https://quizlet.com/_1xnj5i What is the common theme among all of the social sciences?they study humans and their behaviorWhich of the following is NOT a type of archaeological evidence that we use to study the past?bioturbationSoil stratigraphy and typologies are two examples of:relative datingThe sudden and complete covering of a potential archaeological site by a dramatic natural occurrence, such as a volcanic eruption, is called the:Pompeii effectAccording to Kottak, the concept of illness is described asA condition of poor health perceived or felt by an individual based on his/her cultural ideas of health In the article "Body Ritual of the Nacirema" by Horace Miner (Unit 2), the author describes the Nacirema as being obsessed with:beautyAn example of applied anthropology with a physical anthropology focus would be: forensic anthropology The primary method that Cultural anthropologists use to gather data is known asethnographyin the western world, the sciences are sorted into which two categories?natural and socialdefinition of anthropologythe study of humans; "anthropos" = humans4 subfields of anthropologybiological, archaeology, linguistics, culturalbiological anthropologystudy of beings as biological beingsarchaeologystudy of human cultures via material remainslinguisticsanthropology study of languagescultural anthropology(focus on contemporary cultures)applied anthropology(anthropological inquiry or methods used to solve social problems; can come from any of the 4 subfields) why anthropology considered a scienceobjectivity, test interpretations, use scientific methodholistic perspectivefocus on interrelationships between facts of human conditionscomparative perspectivemeaning found in both differences and similaritiesexcavation
act of digging a hole and leave part of site intact; goals: recover samples, features for context ethnographythe scientific description of the customs of individual people and cultures goal of fieldworkto discover patterns in human behaviorevidence used to study pastartifacts/fossils, features, fossilssitespreserved areas of human activityhow sites can be createdpompeii effect, stratified sitespompeii effectsudden and complete covering of a potential archeological site by a dramatic natural occurrence, such as a volcanostratified sitessites arranged/classified into layers; allows for relative dating of layers and artifacts bioturbationthe disturbance of sedimentary deposits by living organismstaphonomy studiesstudy of site destruction/alterationgeomagneticsmagnetic properties of the earth; remote sensingsystematic/pedestrian surveyarcheological technique of detailed examination of an area for the purpose of recording the location and significance of archeological resources; provides a regional perspective by gathering information on settlement patterns over a large areapassive methodsgeomagnetic, systematic/pedestrian surveyactive methodsground penetrating radar (GPR), shovel test pitsground penetrating radarmethod that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface; uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band of the radio spectrum, and detects the reflected signals from subsurface structuresshovel test pitspart of the CRM methodology and a popular form of rapid archeological survey in the US and Canadadating techniquesrelative methods vs absolute methodsrelative methodsstratigraphy, typologiesstratigraphy
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Join more than 18,000+ college students at East Carolina University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: East Carolina University
Course: Introduction to Anthropology
Professor: Joanne Phipps
Term: Fall 2016
Name: Test 1 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover what will be on our first exam on Thursday. Very helpful and will save you time!