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Hist. Quiz 1

by: Liliana Calderon

Hist. Quiz 1 HIST 161 001

Liliana Calderon
GPA 4.33

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About this Document

Covers the birth of the Americas; the impact and the effect of European ideology on our world today.Overview of the puritans, pilgrims, spanish, french and english encounters with Native Americans.
U.S. History to 1877
Margaret DePond
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Liliana Calderon on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 161 001 at University of New Mexico taught by Margaret DePond in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1877 in History at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 02/04/16
History 161 Quiz 1 Study Guide:  Europe 1400s -Columbus and Impact: *Imposed Christianity on Native Americans, exploited them for their resources, and killed them off with disease, guns and torturous behaviors [would cut off hands/feet/ears] *his landing in the Americas opened up a whole new world of trade and opportunity for Europe -Religious impact: hundreds upon thousands of Native Americans converted to Christianity unwillingly. -what did the Europeans want from the New World? French: Spanish: English: Similar to the Spanish; Furs (beaver pelts) Gold, but were looking for a new route to Glory, God (convert not to the extent of the China and escape religious people to persecution Christianity), GOLD Spanish.  The Americas Much nicer than Spanish: -How was the land: virgin soil that had been drastically been changed by Native Americans via fire. -Native American composition and characteristics, by Europeans standards and otherwise: European thoughts: -lazy (because they hunted so much and Europeans saw hunting as a sport) -Primitive and Savage (would wear little clothing, and had little importance for materialistic things; focused solely on survival). -European and Native American relationships: Realistic thoughts: (By Bartolome de las Casa and others)  Europeans were harsh, despite N. American’s attempt at compliance.  Establishment of Encomienda Syste-were kind people who shared everythingere they were leased to plantation owner to later become converted and make them pay taxes to the Spanish Crownoved humbly in communities  N. Americans resisted their cruel-smart (knew how and where to hunt, find water, keep Massacre/Pueblo Revolt, 1680) warm etc.).  Marriages would settle most fights they had -willing to teach Europeans their ways, and willing to Things the Europeanstans: What America gave Europe: brought t AmWere modern-day radicals who did not comply with the ways of the Church of things: Potatoes Estland. Soybeans  1 English colony: Roanoke Squash Very unsuccessful; inhabitants relied heavily on N. American aid for Bees survival. Corn Englishmen and Natives would fight for waterways in time of drought, Wheat Chocolate thus Englishmen leave, with only few soldiers left behind; all of them Diseases disappear. Tomatoes st Onions-Jamestown: 1 successful colony (modern day VirgSugar cane Spices  ½ of colonists die in first winter tobacco  Harh winters, horrid summers rice  John Smith is inspired by the Spanish, and starts treating Natives in cruel ways and making them pay taxes in corn  1609 war breaks out, with leader Powhatan; his daughter Pocahantas puts an end to war when she marries John Rolfe -Pilgrims:  1620, land on Plymouth Rock, they think God has blessed them by wiping out natives.  Wonkanog natives teach pilgrims to survive  Thanksgiving is born, +20,000 pilgrims now live in Americas -Salem witch trials:  People were very suspicious and believed in things such as spirits.  Were very strict in terms of religious (no separation between church and state)  Religious dissent was not allowed  1692, Massachusetts Bay Colony, case of the Minister’s girls begin to exhibit odd behavior.  Say they re possessed, and blame a Native servant, Tituba.  Tituba does not deny such act, rather she LIES saying she was being commanded by the devil. this moment leads to the accusation of people being bewitched. Women grow in power, being able to accuse others of sorcery  This period of madness lasts 9 month, with 19 executions via hangings  The appearance of animals, flying witches, and writing their name in “the Book”


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