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Inventing Arguments CH 1-4 Review

by: ysu34

Inventing Arguments CH 1-4 Review ENGL 1551

Marketplace > Youngstown State University > Foreign Language > ENGL 1551 > Inventing Arguments CH 1 4 Review
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About this Document

Chapter 1- Inventing Arguments Chapter 2 - Claims Chapter 3 - Support Chapter 4 - Opposition
Writing 2
Matthew M. Feehley
Study Guide
English 1551, Inventing Arguments, notes
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by ysu34 on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENGL 1551 at Youngstown State University taught by Matthew M. Feehley in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Writing 2 in Foreign Language at Youngstown State University.

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Date Created: 02/04/16
English 1551: Writing 2 Spring 2016 Youngstown State University Professor: Matthew M. Feehley Easy Writer (Lunsford), 5th ed. Inventing Arguments (Mauk & Metz), 4th ed. Inventing Arguments Book Notes Chapter 1 - Inventing Arguments • Argument- act of asserting, supporting, and defending a claim • Fact- claim about existence or the nature of something • Value- Intensity/worth of something • Policy- what can/might be done about something Three Claims: Fact, Value, Policy Three Supports: Evidence, Examples, Appeals Three Appeals: Ethos, Pathos, Logos • Inquiry- leads to discovering new ideas • Advocacy- involves supporting existing idea • Invention- discovery/development of ideas • Arrangements- organization of ideas in a fashion • Style or voice- personal use of language conventions with attention to the appropriate topics • Memory- recollection of prepared points • Delivery- presentation of ideas • Rhetoric- process of recognizing and using the most effective strategies for influencing Rhetorical Situations - refers to an opportunity to address a particular audience about an issue also includes: • tension • arguer • audience • method of communication • rules of communication • text or message Chapter 2 - Claims Basic Argument Complex Argument Claim Main Claim Support Supporting Claim Support Chapter 3 - Support Evidence- authorities, testimony, facts, statistics Examples- allusions, anecdotes, illustrations, scenarios Appeals- to logic, character, emotion, need, value • Evidence- type of support that already exists • Authorities- experts who offer specialized knowledge • Testimony- eyewitness or firsthand account • Facts- agreed upon bits of knowledge • Statistics- figures drawn from surveys, experimentation, and data analysis • Examples- specific occurrences • Allusions- references to some public knowledge • Anecdotes- short accounts of a particular event • Illustrations- graphic descriptions • Scenarios- fictional or hypothetical examples • Appeals- major form of support in an argument Logical Fallacies: a. Ad hominem- personal attacks b. Straw Person- misrepresenting a position and dismissing it wrong c. Post hoc- faulty cause-effect d. Either/or- an issue claiming only two options e. Hasty generalizations- draw conclusions on little evidence f. Non sequitur- skips or confuses logical steps g. Slippery slope- claim a certain way of thinking or acting will lead to more of the same h. Begging the Question- supporting claim by restating the claim itself i. Red herring- attempts to change subject j. Bandwagon- since everyone else does it so should you k. Association fallacies- claim two people or things share a quality because they are somehow associated l. Golden age fallacies- characterize the past as inherently better Chapter 4 - Opposition • Counter Argument- refute claims or positions opposed to those that the writer or speaker is forwarding • Concession- opposite of counter argument and is like “good point” • Qualifiers- close to concessions, but focus more on arguers ideas • Rogerian Argument- based on confrontation and hostility


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