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Buddhism study guide

by: Brooke Kaufman

Buddhism study guide Rel 1000

Marketplace > Religion > Rel 1000 > Buddhism study guide
Brooke Kaufman
GPA 3.83

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Here is a study guide I made to review the most basic things you should know for the unit test next tuesday on Buddhism. Feel free to use this as a base and add you own notes after you buy it to do...
Religion 1000
Professor Riggs
Study Guide
Buddhism, Buddha, religion, bodhisattva, enlightenment, eightfold path, pure land, zen
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 99 views.


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Date Created: 02/04/16
Religions of the World Tuesdays and Thursdays 2-3:40 Buddhism Unit Test Study Guide 1. Old Buddhism = Theravada (Way of the Elders): a. Started in 5 century BCE b. Sri Lanka, then moved to China and Japan, then moved west c. Not a theistic religion but not atheistic either d. Six realms of rebirth from highest order to lowest: gods, titans, humans, animals, hungry ghosts, hell beings 2. Buddha’s life story (will be an essay form question on the test): a. Started in Tusita heaven practicing the six perfections (generosity, wisdom, mediation, patience, energy, and discipline) b. Took seven steps at birth and declared his decision to end samsara in his lifetime c. Grew up a rich prince shielded from the bad in the world d. Saw three unsettling sights when traveling one day: sickness, old age, and death e. Runs away from home, exchanges robes for rags, shaves his head, and begins to meditate f. For the next six years he finds balance between meditation and ascetic practices g. Bodhisattva reaches point where he is ready to be enlightened h. Mara (god of samsara) asks by what right he has to become enlightened i. Bodhisattva touches earth and says “by the right of the earth”, which shakes under his hand with a powerful might j. Mara is frightened and disappears k. Bodhisattva becomes Buddha l. Decides to teach to others and at first sermon one man becomes enlightened as well m. Teaches for forty years, tell his disciples to continue teaching his work to others, lays down and reaches parinirvana 3. Vocab so far: a. Karma: action b. Samsara: cycle of death and rebirth c. Dharma: teachings that lead to liberation d. Sannayasins: those who seek liberation from rebirth e. Cosmology: discourse about the origin and shape of the universe f. Asceticism: to limit your needs g. Nirvana: to blow out the hate h. Parinirvana: the end of samsara i. Buddha: the awakened one j. Bodhisattva: one who will become awakened 4. The Four Noble Truths: a. Dukkha (unsatisfactoriness) b. Cause of Dukkha (grasping) c. End of Dukkha (nirvana) d. Method (eightfold path) 5. More Vocab: a. Conventional truth: how we humans see the world i. The other truth is how the Buddha sees the world, but remember, he must use conventional language so we understand his teachings b. Simile: comparison c. Conditioned existence: all created things depend on conditions d. Impermanence: all conditioned things do not last e. Anatem: the self is not permanent f. Dukkha: unsatisfactoriness 6. The Five Skandhas (all are interdependent and impermanent): a. Form b. Sensation c. Perception d. Volition/mental habits e. Consciousness 7. Meditation a. Bhavana: to develop dharma through practice b. Characteristics: calm, insight c. Mind is originally pure but becomes impure over our lifetimes through greed, hate and delusion i. Antidote to greed: impermanence (remember nothing lasts anyway) ii. Antidote to hate: Metta (loving kindness) iii. Antidote to delusion: concentration 8. Sangha community of Buddhist: a. Four fold: monks, nuns, lay men, and lay women b. Men and women can both be ordained and have equal chances of being enlightened c. Refuges are not a creed d. Ordained members (monks and nuns) study the dharma and teach it while household members (lay men and women) support the ordained members through makings stuff like clothes and food and collecting alms e. Vinaya: monastic rules for living are based on a case by case basis (bring a case to the Buddha, he decides, etc.) 9. More vocab: a. Bhavana: develop dharma through practice b. Sangha: community of Buddhists c. Vinaya: monastic rules for living d. Precepts: rules (the four big ones are no sex, no stealing, no intentional killing, and no lying about being enlightened/having special powers when you don’t) 10. Mahayana Buddhism = New Buddhism a. Improvement on earlier Buddhism b. Started from 0 to 100 CE (500 years after the Buddha lived) c. The problem people have is that it was written in a time and place that the Buddha never claimed to have been d. The solution is that this form of Buddhism is not saying they are the Buddha’s voice but that they are teaching an interpretation of his word e. Three bodies of Buddha: The Dharma body (enlightenment itself), the Enjoyment body (state of being), and the Transformation body (actual physical body) f. Their stuff is written because it was easier to share that way 11. Vows: a. Bodhisattva vow i. Early Theravada Buddhism said that the bodhisattva is previous lives of the Buddha before his enlightenment ii. Mahayana said that the bodhisattva is anyone who wants to be a Buddha in the future 1. Their four vows are: to save infinite beings, to end inexhaustible delusions, to learn the teachings, and to attain Buddha’s way 12. More vocab: a. Mahayana: great vehicle b. Avalokitesvara: bodhisattva of compassion c. Amitabha: infinite light (also a Buddha) d. Emptiness: experiences are made up of impermanent elements e. Koan: public case 13. Pure Land Buddhism: a. Being reborn here makes it easier to achieve enlightenment b. NOT HEAVEN c. Devotion to Amitabha, the savior Buddha, will get you here d. Remember the important vows 18, 19, and 20 14. Zen Buddhism: a. Started in China b. The teacher enlightens the students c. Enlightenment comes from unorthodox methods, not books or words d. Very interactive e. Uses Koan in place of the Buddhist scripture


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