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USC / Sociology / SOCY 370 / What makes durkheim a cultural idealist?

What makes durkheim a cultural idealist?

What makes durkheim a cultural idealist?

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January 18, 20, 22, 25, 27, 29- week 2 continued and week 3


What makes durkheim a cultural idealist?



Socy 370- Sociology of Sport

These are the missing blanks from the power point. The underlined words or phrases are  what are missing, so I may skip some slides that are in the power point but I will type the first  sentence or title of the slide so you can identify where you need to fill in.

Page 30

So…rather than a solidarity based on similarity (collective consciousness), modern society stays together  through Inter-dependency!

The Cause of evolution

1. Material developments

2. Ideal developments

Page 31

1. Material development 

a. Material developments are necessary, but sufficient conditions on their own 2. Ideal Development 


What makes weber a multidimensionalist?



We also discuss several other topics like What led to the emergence of realism in western theater?

a. Durkheim argues that ideal developments are sufficient on their own to explain the  causes

Weber= multi- dimensionallist

- Everything works together

Durkheim= cultural idealist

- Society developed based on cultural/ ideal

- Social explanations not individual

Page 32

For Durkheim, the key to this was what he called ‘the totem.” As he wrote….

Page 33

In other words our, religious totem symbolizes deities, also implicitly offer social solidarity- licenses to  congregate together

Page 36

Remember …..

(1st head is Weber)= multi dimensionalist


What does a religious totem symbolize?



(2nd head is Durkheim) = cultural idealist (solidarity)

Page 38

The social philosophy of Karl Marx (1818-1883)

Historical (or dialectical Materialism:

1. Study society as an historical process as the result of two opposing forces 2. Social issues are determined by economic conditions 

Page 39 Don't forget about the age old question of What are the various measures of location?

(1st head is Weber)= multi dimensionalist

(2nd head is Durkheim) = cultural idealist (solidarity)

(3rd head is Marx) = Economic determinist

Page 40

Means of Production

According to Marx, the organization of society depends on the means of production 

Modern society is characterized by capitalism

- Bourgeoisie- private ownership

- Proletariat- no private ownership

Page 41

As such, capitalism is a system based on the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie

2nd half of the Introduction Powerpoint

Page 2

Norbert Elias

- German of Jewish decent 

- Originally trained in philosophy and medicine 

Elias’ sociological approach If you want to learn more check out Where is tsinghau university located?

- The core feature of Elias figurational approach to sociology are as follows:

1. Processes- concern for process, not state 

2. Blind processes 

3. Interdependency

4. Power is a universal property of human relations

5. Civilizing processes

Page 3

“Civilizing processes”

- In his most influential book, ‘The Civilizing Process’ (1939), Elias found a long term social  process……

1. The refinement of social standards 

2. An increase in the social pressure on people to exercise self control over their feelings and  behaviors If you want to learn more check out When does majority-minority diversity occur?
Don't forget about the age old question of How were big businesses affected by the depression era?

Page 4

From Antiquity to modernity We also discuss several other topics like What is the correlation between weight and good nutrition?

1. Conscience- formation 

2. Rationalization of impulses 

3. Control of physical violence (most important for how the theory is being applied to sociology of  sport)

Page 5

“Civilizing Sport”

- According to him, an aspect of these overall European ‘civilizing processes’ as been the  increasing control of violence and aggression within societies

“Civilizing’ sport?

1. Studies of the violent antecedents of modern sport in the ancient and medieval worlds 2. Studies of the initial development of modern sport in the 16th-19th century England a. Ex. Jousting

3. Intensive case studies of long term development of rugby, soccer, boxing, cricket

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