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Study stuff for the hand sewing quiz on Monday

by: Brooke Kaufman

Study stuff for the hand sewing quiz on Monday Thea 1200

Marketplace > Thea 1200 > Study stuff for the hand sewing quiz on Monday
Brooke Kaufman
GPA 3.83

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About this Document

Here is a study guide I created for the hand sewing quiz. It has information about both the sewing machine and hand sewing. I also included picture examples of each hand sewing thing (sorry for the...
Stagecraft 1
Study Guide
sewing, hand sewing, stitching, machines, fashion design, costume, costume shop, costume design, needle, thread, stitch, button, hook, eye
50 ?




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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Thea 1200 at a university taught by Kate/Pat in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.


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Date Created: 02/04/16
Stagecraft I Mondays and Wednesdays 9-11:50 Hand Sewing/Sewing Machine Quiz Review  3 types of machine (either domestic or industrial) o Lock stitch machine o Over lock machine o Chain stitch machine  Basting: longest stitch to hold things together non-permanently  Zigzag stitch: does just what is sounds like  Top stitch: put stuff on top of each other, facing up, and sew  5/8’s of an inch is the normal seam allowance  Thread o Normal thread comes on a spool o Intrinsic thread is thicker thread good for buttons, snaps, etc. o Silimide thread is pre-waxed, precut thread  Needles o Glovers needles have sharp edges and sew through tough things like leather o Milliners needles are long thin needles used for things like straw so they won’t split o Embroidery needles are for thicker threads and decorative stitching o Sharps and long needles, while betweens are short needles o The larger the number is, the smaller the needle size is (it’s reversed)  Buttons (PICTURE 1) o To sew a button, go in and out of the four holes in the fabric. Come through one of the button holes but not the fabric when you are ready to tie it off; wrap the thread around the loops of thread you’ve already sewn a few times to secure them together (this creates a shank). Your button should now look like a mushroom. This keeps it on through normal wear and tear o Buttons come in several sizes  Hooks (PICTURE 2) /Eyes (PICTURE 3) /Clasps (PICTURE 4) o Clasps are sewn with the female end and the male end facing out. This is so they can snap together and keep fabric closed. They are sewn through the holes and into the fabric like a button only without the shank; you want them sewn flat to the fabric. o Hooks and Eyes are sewn through the little circles at the ends. Make a sort of dream catcher or wheel sewing pattern, meaning sew in and out around the entire circle, not just in and out of the same spot. You want your thread line to basically look like this (O), not like this (-) o Hooks you also want to sew under the hook part a few times in and out of the fabric across the metal laying flat against the fabric. This is because you don’t want the hook to come flying up if it isn’t based down.  Stitches o Running stitch (PICTURE 5): this is the most basic stitch. Just rock the needle in and out of the fabric, then pull the needle through at the end. This creates an even line. o Cross stitch (PICTURE 6): this is where your stitch makes what looks like Jacob’s ladder. Draw two lines parallel to each other like the outsides of a ladder. Push your needle into the fabric on the top line at the far end. Pull the needle out, bring it over to the other line and a little farther up, and then push it through. Bring the needle out, cross back over to the other line and a little farther up, and then push it through again. You should be making “x”s moving on top of each other to the left. However, YOUR NEEDLE ALWAYS POINTS TO THE RIGHT. o Slip stitch (PICTURE 7): this is the stitch where you are going inside the tunnels of the fabric. Your fabric should be folded so two tunneled edges are pressed together (the key holder from the tote bag is an example of this stitch). Slide your needle into one tunnel, then slowly and carefully push it to the opposite tunnel while still going forward. Do not go through the fabric to the other side or come up and out of the fabric between tunnels. You should be able to go from tunnel to tunnel without seeing the thread and tie it off at the end.  Blind hem (PICTURE 8): a blind hem also tunnels, but you are only having to deal with one tunnel. You go into the tunnel, come out, snag a bit of fabric to the right of the tunnel through your needle, and go right back into the tunnel.  Regular (basic) hem (PICTURE 9): look at picture. Basic in and out weaving gesture.  How to tie a knot on your thread (NO PICTURE INCLUDED): o Thread the needle o Pull both ends of the thread so they are even o Hold the needle between your right thumb and first finger so the point is facing the ceiling o Grab the opposite ends at the same time with your left hand o Bring them up and cross them over the front of your needle about half way down o Clasp the point where these threads land on the needle under your thumb tightly o Using your left hand, grab the loose string to the left of the needle and wrap it around your needle clock wise two or three times o Remove your thumb and use your left fingers to slide this looped thread down the length of the needle and the thread. This should form a knot at the end of your thread. o If not, you may be grabbing it wrong or wrapping it in the wrong direction around the needle


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