SOC 150, Study Guide 1
SOC 150, Study Guide 1 SOC 150
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Thanh Notetaker on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Sheldon Zink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Priciples of Sociology in Sociology at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
SOC 150 Study Guide For 1 Test Format: 1) Connecting the three theories with their characteristics a. Structural Functionalism: ( A Macro Theory) Characteristics: 1. Prevent Chaos – Maintains Order 2. Tendency Toward Equalibrium 3. Systems have boundaries (between compatible system and within them) 4. Slow to change – Ordered Change 5. Distinct Allocation of power and resources. 6. System meets the needs of participants at least minimally 7. Controls disruptive behavior. b. Conflict Theory ( A Macro Theory): Characteristics: 1. Conflict is universal 2. Social consensus is limited 3. Inequality is widespread 4. Social institutions are formed around the means of production 5. The system meets the needs of the powerful and healthy 6. System based on success through inequality and vested invest in maintaining it 7. System maintained through coercion and deception c. Symbolic Interactionism (A Micro Theory): Characteristics: 1. Look society and social order on an individual level 2. Humans are social animals that require interaction 3. World connected through symbolic communication 4. Language & material objects are studied in relation to individual interaction 5. Look at the individuals factors of development and socialization 6. Meanings of objects, events and behaviors come from the meaning people give them. 2) Short answers to differentiate terms For example: Social and Culture, 2 types of groups 2 types of status, what is “Individualistic Explanation”,vv Learn by Heart all the following Terms and Definitions Chapter 1 Goodluck with the test. Sociology: The systematic study of human Societies Sociological imagination: Ability to see the impact of social forces on our private lives Individualistic explanation: Tendency to attribute people’s achievements and failures to their personal qualities. Chapter 2 Role: Set of expectations-rights, obligations, behaviors, duties- associated with a particular status Role Conflict: Frustration people feel when the demands of one role that are expected to fulfill class with the demands of another role. Status: Any named social position that people can occupy • Achieved status: social position acquired through our own efforts or accomplishments or taken on voluntarily • Ascribed status: social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily later in life Value: Standard of Judgement by which people decide on desirable goals and outcome Society: Population of people living in the same geographic area who also share the same culture and a common identity and whose members fall under the same political authority Culture: language, values, beliefs, rules, behaviors, and artifacts that characterize a society. Social Institutions Stable set of roles, statuses, groups, and organizations- such as the institution of education, family, politics, religion, healthcare, or the economy- that provides a foundation for behavior in some major area of social life. Organization: Large, complex network of positions, created for a specific purpose and characterized by a hierarchical division of labor Group: Set of people who interact more or less regularly and who are conscious of their identity as a unit Primary group: there is a longevity, an emotional attachment (family) Secondary group: people sharing the same goal. (Colleagues) Dyad: Group consisting of 2 people Triad: Group consisting of 3 people Goodluck with the test. Coalition: Subgroup of a triad, formed when two members unite against the third member. Symbol: Something used to represent or stand for something else. Chapter 3 Self-fulfilling prophecy: Assumption or prediction that in itself causes the expected event to occur, thus seeming to confirm the prophecy’s accuracy. For example: The president candidate was predicted not being able to win ended up not winning because the prediction prevented the votes. Incorrigible Proposition: Unquestioned cultural belief that cannot be proved wrong no matter what happens to dispute it. For example: Group of people who believe that global warming isn’t real. Chapter 4 Norm: Culturally defined standard or rule of conduct Folkway: informal norm that is mildly punished when violated. For example: farting in public More: Highly codified, formal, systematized norm that brings severe punishment when violated. For example: killing or murdering. (More is basically law) Sanction: Social response that punishes or otherwise discourages violations of a social norm Institutionalized norm: Pattern of behavior within existing social institutions that is widely accepted in a society. Nonmaterial culture: Knowledge, beliefs, customs, values, morals, and symbols that are shared by members of a society and that distinguish the society from others. Material culture: Artifacts of a society, which represent adaptions to the social & physical environment. Ethnocentrism: Tendency to judge other cultures using one’s own as a standard. Cultural Relativism: The principle that people’s beliefs and activities should be interpreted in terms of their own culture. End. Goodluck with the test.
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