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by: sofia


Marketplace > The University of Cincinnati > Art History > 600037 > FOURTEENTH CENTURY ART IN EUROPE_ART HISTORY II

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About this Document

these notes cover the most important art in europe during the 14th century, it includes: Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned Giotto, Virgin and Child Enthroned Giotto, Scrovegni Chapel Giott...
History of Art II
Erin Hackmann
Study Guide
Art History, art history 2, giotto, 14th century, fourteenth century, Art, artists, europe, Study Guide, Chapter 19
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by sofia on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 600037 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Erin Hackmann in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see History of Art II in Art History at The University of Cincinnati.




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Date Created: 02/04/16
FOURTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN EUROPE th In Europe (especially in Italy) during the 14 century took place a cultural explosion. The poet Petrarch started writing in Italian instead of Latin, the painter Giotto di Bordone started to give, to the sacred people he represented, a sense of humanity. During this period the guilds (medieval craftsmen association) were divided in different categories based on their abilities and provided social services for their members (care for the sick and funerals for the deceased). Artists in Italy contracted with everybody and emerged as individuals. Florence set the civic layout since it was the typical medieval Italian city with house around the church and a big square and the cathedral connected to the Piazza Della Signoria. Palazzo Della Signoria, Florence  Was where the Signoria (means Lord) that governed Florence met. Big building, that faces on a square (Piazza in Italian, which became the center of the city), with fortification and tower. 1280 Cimabue, Virgin and Child a monumental altarpiece, over 12 feet tall. The prophets are represented under the virgin and the child that are surrounded by angels. The painting follows a byzantine style and iconography. The fact that he tried to make it realistic had a big impact on the development of Florentine painting. 1305 Giotto di Bordone Virgin and Child Enthrone Giotto learned how to pint from Cimabue. Byzantine style and iconography like Cimabue’s painting. The virgin holds her child instead of pointing at him. Created the 3D perception 1305-1306 Padua Frescos  Giotto di Bordone, Scrovegni chapel. Commissioned by Enrico Scrovegni in order to erase the sins his family made in order to earn money. He wanted the frescos to express his power and atone his sins. The entrance represented the last judgment while the rest represented 3 moments from Jesus life. The chapel is divided in framed pictures; he draws people into experiencing the events he painted. One of the most famous paintings in the chapel is kiss of Judas, the moment of betrayal. Christ and Judas are represented in the middle of the frame surrounded by a lot of people with weapons. Jesus looks calm. 1308-1311Duccio di Buoninsegna, Maestà. Byzantine and French gothic style, huge altarpiece for the Siena cathedral. Wood panel that had to be painted on both sides. Now we don’t have all of it but just some beautiful parts. In the center of the front of the panel he painted the virgin and the child surrounded by angels and saints and the 4 patrons of Siena. 1313-1317Exter cathedral, Thomas of Witney. 1330  Vesperbild ( Pietà). Shows all the wounds on jesus body and shows the feelings and pain, you can see him suffering just from his face. His mother face expresses horror, pity and grief. 1330 Florence Andrea Pisano received a commission for gilded bronze door for the Florence’s Baptistery of San Giovanni. It took him 6 years to finish the doors that represent 20 moments from the saint life, that’s why it’s called life St. John the Baptist. 2D and but looks 3D. the style is almost French gothic art. 1338, Siena  The Nine (a council) governed the city and commissioned a fresco to Antonio Lorenzetti (a painter) for the place where they were meeting to conduct city business (sala dei nove inside the palazzo pubblico. The fresco he made was called allegory of good government because is a combination with the cityscape (that shows how good the government was in Siena) and the landscape around the city (that shows the productivity of the city). 1348 Europe Bubonic plague: -killed 40% of population (including Antonio Lorenzetti)in Florence and Siena killed 80%of the population. Because of it artists started to make a lot more religious paintings


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