New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Study guide for Exam 1

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: Nicole197358

Study guide for Exam 1 sociology 2110


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is all based off of the study guide on her website, but I answered all of them and put them in a way that is easier to understand and included examples.
Intro to Sociology
Lori Heald
Study Guide
sociology, Intro to sociology, Lori Heald, Sociology 2110, ECU, East Carolina University
50 ?




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!"
Theresa Windler

Popular in Intro to Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicole197358 on Friday February 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to sociology 2110 at East Carolina University taught by Lori Heald in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at East Carolina University.


Reviews for Study guide for Exam 1

Star Star Star Star Star

No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!

-Theresa Windler


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/05/16
Sociology study guide for exam 1 Chapter 1 Social context is the influence of society on individuals. Social interaction: how people behave when they come together Norms: societal rules for how to act Social structure: outside forces in which you have little control over, including social  hierarchies and social institutions Social hierarchy: status ladder Social institutions: big organizations whose purpose is to meet a certain social need of the population, with practices and beliefs centered on that need, and which is continued over  time When you say that our families shape who we are in a variety of ways means that they  are a part of our inner cultural circle. Norms dictate social interaction by determining how we act and what is acceptable to say during conversation. Stereotypes contribute to discrimination by forming an overgeneralization about a certain group of people and then taking that and excluding them from things because of your  negative view of them. Sociological research can be “dangerous” because sociologists can overanalyze  everything that involves people right down to their own lives.  Sociology came about during the industrial revolution because people started questioning sanitary conditions (dead animals in the street).  Chapter 2 Structural functionalism:  ­Society is viewed as being made up of a bunch of parts that come together to benefit or  hurt society.  ­problem: it ignores quality & inequality ­Asks about big parts of society and consequences and interactions Symbolic interactionism:  ­How people use symbols with which have different meanings to communicate with  people and form different views on the world. ­Asks how people interpret society and how people communicate and how they create  change. Conflict theory:  ­society is viewed through inequalities which lead to conflicts ­Asks about inequality, privileged people and how they stay privileged Manifest functions: intended Latent functions: unintended Dysfunctions: undesirable A theory is a set of principles built on observations and other verifiable facts, that  explains same phenomenon and predicts its future behavior. It is used when you want to  make a future prediction based on facts. Marx is known as the father of modern conflict theory Bourgeoisie possess special resources called capital that can be used to finance business  investments and everyone else. The working class is known as proletariat. Class struggle  is the theory that Marx came up with that states that capitalists would push down wages  in order to increase profit.  Feminist theory is known for its focus on gender and male bias Durkheim:  ­Social facts: rules for everyday life that every community has ­Social solidarity: what is it that holds societies together? ­Mechanical solidarity: societies built around extended families linked into tribes ­Organic solidarity: where a mutual dependence among people can be found ­Sacred: things treated with exceptional difference ­Profane: things treated with disgust Weber: difference between power and authority is that power is a person’s ability to  achieve their objective, authority is the capacity to get people to do things because they  think everyone below them should obey them ­Stratification: inequalities between groups that persist over time ­Social closure: various ways that groups seek to close off opportunities by other groups Structural functionalism is a theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts  work together to promote solidarity and stability. Conflict theory argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society have  differing amounts of material and non­material resources (such as the wealthy vs. The  poor) and that the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with  less power. Symbolic internationalism is the way societies communicate with each other with  symbols or symbolic materials. Marx believed the wealthy were always against the poor. Material things characterize the  wealthy and the poor are characterized as the working class. They aren’t equal and they  know this so they will always be in conflict. The rich only want to get richer and the poor will keep fighting just to make enough to survive. Chapter 3 Hypothesis: an educated prediction on the relationship between two or more variables Causality: what causes a change from one thing to another Epistemology: our capacity of knowledge about the world Operationalization: how we answer questions  Independent variables­> dependent variables; independent variables come before  anything else Quantitative: numerical data Qualitative: focuses on the quality of the research Sample: has to be of at least 1,000 people Random sampling: people chosen randomly for a survey Representative sample: when the sample characteristics are the same as the population Weighting: when there is an unequal amount of certain people in a survey so the  researcher will make them equal by giving the underrepresented sample more statistical  value Surveys are done anonymously and either over the phone or online and an example of  when to use a survey is when surveying a cheating spouse. Interviews are questions asked in person and an example of when to use an interview is  when you’re figuring out how serial killers differ from each other in a prison. Quasi­experiments are when sociologists use data from an experiment to form an opinion or a conclusion. It’s used when trying to figure out things such as “do longer lunch breaks increase worker productivity?” Comparative­historical research consists of past artifacts, documents and research. Used  when asking questions about the past. Field research is when the researcher is in the field of research. Used when the researcher wants hands­on research. Scientific method is the specific order in asking a question, gathering data, and  performing an experiment.  You can have validity with reliability, but you can’t have reliability with validity. Correlation doesn’t show causation. When collecting data can be time consuming and presenting data is dependent on the  audience. We want research to be valid so we know it to be true 100% of the time. Research can be unethical by putting one’s personal values into the research. Chapter 4 Self: contains your identity and where you stand in the social hierarchy; created &  maintained through social interaction Looking glass­self: we see ourselves based on what others say about us Men communicate with other men differently than they do with women due to society  rules, majority of the time they’ll have more respect for women than they do other men. Not all societies are the same in expression or grief. (refer to chapter 4 notes about  context, conversation & emotion) Civil inattention is when you acknowledge someone, but ignore their presence. Significant other: anyone who influences our behavior Reference group: people whose positions and views important and that you want to be a  part of Role models: people who we respect and humor; we look up to them Generalized other: in general, everybody else  Status: your position in society Role set: what is expected for a particular social position Role conflict: conflict between roles Labeling deviants: persons or people who have the power to label people or things as  problematic for society Self­fulfilling prophecy: predicting something and it comes true The purpose of talking about conformity experiments in class was to teach about how  majority of people will conform to something just because they are told to or because  someone else does it.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.