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Biology 1101 Exam 1 Review Guide

by: Alexa Notetaker

Biology 1101 Exam 1 Review Guide BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Biology > BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100 > Biology 1101 Exam 1 Review Guide
Alexa Notetaker

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About this Document

This is a study guide to help prepare for exam 1.
Dr. Kristin Smock
Study Guide
Biology 1101
50 ?




Popular in Biology

Popular in Biology

This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa Notetaker on Friday February 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOLOGY 1101 - 0100 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Kristin Smock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 108 views. For similar materials see Biology in Biology at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
    Week  1:     •   Understand  the  5  characteristics  of  living  things                 •   Understand  the  concept  of  homeostasis  and  why  it’s  important                 •   Know  what  an  adaptation  is  and  what  effects  adaptations  have  on   survival  and  reproduction           •   Know  the  steps  of  the  scientific  method,  from  observations  to   conclusions                 •   Know  what  a  theory  is,  and  how  that  is  different  from  a   hypothesis             •   Understand how atoms link together (electrons determine chemical bonding)         •   Be  familiar  with  the  terms:  element,  atom,  and  the  subatomic   particles             •   Understand  how  electrons  determine  chemical  bonding   •   Covalent     •   Ionic     •   Hydrogen     •   Understand  the  unique  properties  of  water           Week2:     •   Know  the  four  main  types  of  organic  molecules   –   know  the  monomers  and  polymers  of  each  type             •   Understand  the  difference  between  simple  and  com plex   carbohydrates,  and  how  living  things  use  carbohydrates             •   Understand  the  difference  between  saturated  and  unsaturated   fats,  and  what  it  means  to  be  “hydrogenated”             •   Understand  that  proteins  have  more  functions  in  our  body  than   any  other  type  of  organic  molecule,  and  understand  the   relationship  between  shape  and  function         •   Know  the  two  main  types  of  nucleic  acids,  and  what  makes  up  a   nucleotide         •   Understand  that  cells  are  the  most  basic  unit  of  life     •   Know  the  6  traits  all  cells  have  in  common                 •   Understand  the  phospholipid  bilayer  structure  of  the  cell   membrane               Week3:     •   Understand  why  cells  are  small  by  necessity           •   Know  the  difference  between  prokaryotic  and  eukaryotic  cells   –   Understand  division  of  labor  inside  eukaryotic  cells,  which     have  membrane-­‐bound  organelles  (including  a  nucleus)               •   Know  the  basic  functions  of  the  organelles  discussed  in  lecture   –   Nucleus     –   Chloroplasts       –   Mitochondria       •   Understand  that  chemical  bonds  are  a  source  of  potential  energy         •   Know  that  energy  flow  is  unidirectional       •   Understand  that  chemical  reactions  absorb  or  release  energy   –   endergonic  vs.  exergonic  reactions             •   Know  the  basics  of  photosynthesis  as  presented   –   know  inputs  and  outputs       –   know  where  it  occurs       –   know  what  organisms  use  this  process         •   Understand  how  different  wavelengths  of  light  are  absorbed  or   reflected,  and  why  leaves  change  color  in  the  fall               •   Photosynthesis  makes  glucose  and  O  from  CO  and  H O,  and  light   2 2 2     •   Understand  where  new  tissue  comes  from  as  plants  grow       •   Understand  the  link  between  photosynthesis  and  cellular   respiration  (waste  products  of  one  are  used  by  another)             Week  4:     •   Cellular  respiration  breaks  down  glucose  to  yield  ATP   –   know  where  it  occurs     –   know  what  organisms  use  this  process     –   know  what  the  three  main  processes  are   •   glycolysis,     •   Krebs  cycle,     •   electron  transport  chain     –   know  at  which  step  the  most  energy  is  produced     •   Understand  the  differences  between  aerobic  and  anaerobic   respiration,  including  the  differences  in  energy  output               •   What  are  the  structural  components  of  DNA?         –   when  was  the  structure  described,  and  by  whom?       •   Understand  complementary  base  pairing       •   Understand  why  and  how  DNA  replicates,  and  know  what  semi -­‐ conservative  replication  is         •   Define  what  a  mutation  is,  and  know  some  causes  of  mutations         •   Know  how  prokaryotes  and  unicellular  eukaryotes  reproduce         •   Understand  the  process  by  which  cells   replicate:  mitosis   –   know  the  components  of  the  cell  cycle:  interphase,  mitosis,   cytokinesis             •   Know  what  happens  when  cell  division  and  cell  death  are  out  of   balance         •   Understand  the  following  terms:   –   Chromosome     –   Genome     –   sister  chromatids     –   homologous  chromosomes     –   telomeres     –   somatic  cells     –   gametes     –   haploid/diploid     –   zygote    


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