Study Guide for Government test 1
Study Guide for Government test 1 PSCI 1040
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Friday February 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 162 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 02/05/16
Test Break Down Roughly 10 hard questions, 10 easy questions,7 questions about the articles, 2 questions about political culture, 3 questions about the changing American public All in all 52 questions Possible Information That Could Be Tested Over ● Introduction ○ Why do people set up government? What are the two reasons people set up government? ■ Keep order ■ Provide common goods ○ What are the challenges to our society? ■ Failure to appreciate benefits of a politically and financially stable government ■ A citizenry that is largely negative, even hostile about government and public officials ■ Constant criticism of the US, politicians, the media, our policies ■ Alwaysinexistence gap between democratic theory and the real world ● Chapter 2 ○ Not original ideas a part of the US Constitution ■ The idea of representation is taking from British Parliament ■ The idea of the veto is taken from the “Royal negative” ● Last used in 1707 ■ The idea of trial by jury ■ The idea of an inquest ● Figuring out things about a person's death ■ The idea of an independent judiciary ● In hopes to avoid bias judges ○ Know the difference between the Constitution and the Declaration of Independance ○ Know why the Articles of Confederation failed: ■ No national power to tax ■ No executive branch ■ Congress lacked power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce ■ States used their own money ■ Very difficult to amend the articles ● Every state had to agree ● Making it hard to make it better ■ No national identity ○ What is James Madison considered? ■ The father of the Constitution ○ Who was the famous philosopher who influenced the Constitution? ■ Montesquieu ○ What ideas did Montesquieu give us? ■ Separation of powers ■ Checks and Balances ○ Who was the famous philosopher who influenced the Declaration of Independance? ■ John Locke ○ What ideas did Locke give us? ■ Human beings are rational ■ All humans are equal in the state of nature ■ All human beings have rights that cannot be taken away ○ How does the declaration begin? ■ We the people ○ What year was the constitution signed? ■ 1787 ○ What was a big issue of contention at the constitutional convention? ■ Slavery ○ What year did slavery end, according to the US Constitution? ■ By 1789 every state but South Carolina had it outlawed ■ Trade was supposed to end officially in 1808 ○ What is the purpose of each article, per the Constitution? ■ Article 1 ● Congress powers all the things they can and can’t do ■ Article 2 ● Provides the name of the President ● How President is elected ● Qualifications of both President and Vice President ● Oath of office for President ■ Article 3 ● Supreme Court ● Describes crime of treason ● Spells out the jurisdiction of the federal government ■ Article 4 ● Interstate relations ● Full faith and credit clause ● Rules of extradition ● Privileges and immunized clause ● Every state will have a republican form of government ■ Article 5 ● Amending the Constitution ● Proposing amendments ● Ratifying amendments ■ Article 6 ● Supremacy article ● Federal law is the the rule of the land ■ Article 7 ● Ratification Vocabulary To Be Familiar With ● Introduction ○ Legitimate Powers ○ Social Order ○ Common Goods ○ Monarchies ■ Ruler inherits power through birth ○ Totalitarian Regime ■ One person runs the governing body by will of man for the benefit of the ruler ○ Oligarchs ■ Host sham elections ○ Democracy ■ Rule of many to benefit all ■ Government by the people ○ Direct Democracy ■ People involved directly with government ○ Representative Democracy ■ People involved with government through elected representatives ○ Republic ■ Another name for a representative democracy ● Chapter 1 ○ Moderates ■ A person somewhere in between liberals and Conservatives ○ Radical ■ Someone so dissatisfied with society that he or she are willing to break the law if it means things will change ○ Reactionary ■ A person who wants to go back to how things used to be ● Chapter 2 ○ Bicameralism ■ Two houses of Congress ● Based on the British idea of House of Lords ○ Threefifths compromise ■ Slaves will be counted so that every 5 persons count actualy as 3 ○ Abolition ■ The fight to free slaves ○ Slave trade ■ The act of bringing persons from Africa to work in the US ■ Would not end until 1808 ● Results in increased selling of persons ○ Plural executive ■ Two presidents ○ Electoral college ■ Used to control mob rule ■ No law says that they have to vote the way of the state ○ Jurisdiction ■ The right of the government to hear a case ○ Full faith and and credit clause ■ One state has to accept legal documents and the court proceeding and documents of other states ○ Privileges and immunized clause ■ If a state provides a service to one citizen then it must be provided to all citizen regardless of where the citizen is from ○ Extradition ■ Returning of a prisoner or moving them ■ Up to the Governor of each state ○ Moralistic ■ Belief in government to solve problems ○ Traditionalistic ■ Belief in ruling elite ○ Individualistic ■ Belief in importance of the individual and minimal government General Important Information ● Chapter 1 ○ Functions of the government ■ Comes from the preamble of the Constitution ● Establish justice ● Ensure domestic tranquility ● Provide for the common defense ● Promote general welfare ○ John Locke is a huge influence in our Declaration of Independance ○ Keypoints ■ #1 ● We are heirs to a political and economic philosophy called liberalism ● Liberalism is a philosophy that developed in Europe hundreds of years ago ● This freedom was secular, optimistic, economic, and based on freedom ■ #2 ● There are certain values that flow from liberalism that are cherished by the vast majority of the American people ■ #3 ● We turn these values into political ideologies ● We differ as to what government should do ● Overt time, positions are developed conservatives eleven in narrower scope while liberals believe in grader scope ● Chapter 2 ○ Differences between the Declaration of Independance and the Constitution ■ Declaration is the reason for US independance ■ Constitution is the seven articles that we adhere to as law ■ Constitution is NOT a religious document, there is no mention of God. It is secular. ■ The people who wrote the Constitution were children of liberalism NOT religious people ○ The Federal government is supreme ○ Articles of Confederation ■ Created by states ■ Considered a “league of friendship” between states ○ Agreement between the delegates of the constitutional convention ■ They wanted a republic ■ They believed in the idea of the social contract and that the people would create the government ■ They agreed on national supremacy ■ They agreed on separation of powers as well as checks and balances ■ They believed in the rule of law ○ Virginia plan ■ Two bodies of government based off of equality of states ○ New Jersey plan ■ Government houses should be based off of state size ○ Great Compromise ■ The compromise between New Jersey plan and Virginia plan ■ There would be an elite chamber with two members per state and a house with a chamber representative based on the state's population ● Texas Constitution ○ Time bound document ○ 5 constitutions since statehood awarded
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