History 202 Exam 1 Study Guide
History 202 Exam 1 Study Guide HIST 202
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chase Goodman on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 202 at Ball State University taught by Ed Krzemienski in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 140 views. For similar materials see History in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Ed Krzemienski Looking Backward Review Sheet At the outset of the novel the narrator is how old: 30 The narrator compares 1887 society with that of a “prodigious”: coach th The narrator goes to sleep on what day: May 30 , 1887 The narrator slept in a: Sleeping chamber under his house The narrator awakens in the city of: Boston The narrator’s name is: Julian The “most prominent feature of the labor troubles” of the late 19th century is: The Strikes The supply of volunteers is expected to fully equal: the Demand In the year 2000, people buy with: Credit given back from the government Clerks of 1887 are accused of attempting to encourage consumers to buy: Other portions of the world organized like the United States in 2000 include: Europe, Australia, Mexico, and parts of South America The restaurant that the main characters eat at is called the: In the 14 Paragraph (Can’t find name) The entire field of what is divided into ten great departments: productive and constructive industry Athletic competition in 2000 is held solely for: Glory In the year 2000 lawyers are: Not present, don’t exist Dissipation and extravagance made what costly in the 19th century: College People in 2000 tend to spend their economic surplus on: The followers of the red flag in 1887 were subsidized by opponents of: In 2000 the credits for women are: Paid Maternity leave, ” for smaller sums, owing to the frequent suspension of their labor on account of family responsibilities.” In 2000 religion is: Decaying History 202 Exam 1 Review Sheet 1. The Gilded Age a. Named by Mark Twain b. On the surface if you were to look at the years 1877-1901 it would look amazing, like wood being gilded i. But in reality it wasn’t 2. Mark Twain a. He named the Gilded ages b. Great American Author 3. Ulysses S. Grant a. Republican President from 1869 – 1877 b.Formal General in the Civil war that helped the North win 4. Whiskey Ring a. Political Scandal that deals with Whiskey Distilleries i. General John McDonald collects money from them and calls it “tax” money. When in reality he is stealing 5. General John McDonald a. He knows that the president is lazy so he is able to do this behind his back 6. Orville Babcock a. Presidents Grants secretary b.He is the only one that pays attention because Grant is lazy c. General John McDonald pays him off so he won’t say anything to Grant 7. William Belknap a. Secretary of War for U.S. Grant b.He is in charge of appointing the trading posts throughout the united states 8. Belknap Affair a. He accepts money to appoint people to a position b.People do this because the Native Americans trade the US things there, and then you can turn around and sell the Native American artifacts for a lot of money. So people pay William Belknap to allow them to do this. 9. Rutherford B. Hayes a. He was also an elected Republican into the Presidency b.He was pure and a devout Christian c. His cabinet sings Christian music while the secretary of war plays the piano d.AND the political corruption still continues 10. Lucy Webb Hayes a. 1st lady with Rutherford B. Hayes b.She is the symbol of purity in the US Government c. She doesn’t serve alcohol at White House events 11. “Lemonade Lucy” a. Called lemonade Lucy because she would serve lemonade instead of alcohol at the White House events 12. Star Route Frauds a. People in charge of the post office in the region would ask for more money than they needed claiming they were using it for Post Office Services but they were just pocketing it 13. Spoils System a. Putting personal friends in high ranking jobs instead of qualified people b.Cronyism 14. Civil Service Act (1883) a. This was passed to combat the Spoils System. b.They would have tests and qualifications for the jobs i. Like being literate c. Starts out @ 10% of the governmental jobs 15. James G. Blaine a. Running for presidents from the Republican side b.Corrupt Politian c. He was a part of the Whiskey Ring and Belknap Scandal d.Old Ul. S. Grant appointee 16. Grover Cleveland a. Democrat running for president b.If elected he wants to expand civil service i. He wants to make it 50% as soon as he is elected 17. 1884 Election a. Grover Cleveland beats James G. Blaine in the race! b.This race was based on the candidates differing beliefs of the Civil Service Act 18. Mugwumps a. Were Republicans who voted for Grover Cleveland (Or Democrats to be more vague) 19. Interstate Commerce Act a. Deals with Railroads i. Tries to make the Railroad company charge fair rates across the board 20. Benjamin Harrison a. Indiana president who is known as cold and boring b.President from 1889 – 1893 c. He didn’t want to change the things were ran, he followed the Status Quo 21. Inventions of Gilded Age a. The Type Writer b.Kodak Personal Camera c. Telephone! d.35,000 miles of track were laid down 22. robber barons a. Americas Aristocracy b.Not to be born into, but “robbed” into c. Very wealthy people 23. James Fiske a. Made his money by stealing from people, like through stock trading b.He was very conceited and had a cherry sized diamond on each tie 24. “Jubilee Jim” a. James Fiske’s nickname 25. Josie Mansfield a. James Fiske’s girlfriend/lover 26. Erie Railroad a. Railroad leading from Buffalo NY to NYC, NY b.James Fiske owned one of them and Commodore (William) Vanderbilt owned the other one c. Vanderbilt buys “Stocks” in James Fiske’s Railroad, when they are actually fake ‘cause James Fiske made them up i. It took 8 million dollars for William Vanderbilt to notice d.William Vanderbilt took it to court and James Fiske owed him 4.7 million dollars i. Which means James Fiske made 3.3 million dollars 27. John D. Rockefeller a. Richest man of all-time, but not very interesting b.Made his money through oil c. America’s first Billionaire d.Makes oil better AND cheaper, good monopoly e. One of Americas greatest philanthropist 28. “rebates” a. 29. Standard Oil Company a. John D. Rockefeller bought out a lot of the small guys 30. William Vanderbilt a. Leader of the Vanderbilt company at a point in time b.Said “Let the public be damned” when confronted about lowering the prices for the small guys also 31. Andrew Carnegie a. Greatest philanthropist of all time, but a cut throat business man b.Made his money through steel c. He was a small man i. 5’3”, 130lbs, and wore size 5 in men shoes d.Accumulated over 380 million dollars over his career, donated near 360 million dollars 32. Philanthropy a. Donating to charity or to help people 33. Great Railroad Strike (1877) a. Begins in West Virginia b.They go on strike because they are asked to take a 10% pay cut c. The National Government is against this strike, they call in the National Guard i. The National Guard shoots upon strikers 34. Haymarket Riot (1886) a. Located in Chicago b.Police and strikers meet with force on the streets 35. Homestead Strike (1892) a. Occurs in Andrew Carnegie’s most important steel mill in Pittsburg b.Hires a group of hired soldiers called Pinkerton Guards i. They were spies in the civil war 36. Knights of Labor a. Idealistic approach b.They allowed everyone in the ‘Knights of Labor’ except for Bankers, Lawyers, and Stock Brookers c. 700,000 members at the peak of their popularity 37. Terence V. Powderly a. Creator of ‘Knights of Labor’ i. His idea is that everyone could unite and work together to get a better situation 38. American Federation of Labor a. Realistic approach i. They want shorter days ii. More money iii. And safer work zones 39. Samuel Gompers a. Leader of the AFL from 1904 – 1924 i. He was Jewish and grew up in the slums of London b.At the age of 13 he moves to the slums of New York City c. He is against immigrants i. Especially Asian immigrants d.in 1904 there were 1.67 million members 40. anarchists a. Justice can’t be achieved by any type of government b.They describe Christianity as a superstition used to create slaves c. They are able and willing to use violence! 41. Emma Goldman a. Most famous Anarchist born in 1869 and died in 1940 b.Grew up a normal life in Rochester NY c. She gets married and right after the honey moon she files for divorce d.Moved to Communes in New York City e. Meets the man who will become her lifelong lover 42. Alexander Berkman a. Emma Goldman’s lifelong lover b.Shoots Henry Clay Frick twice and stabs him Twice but Henry Clay Frick doesn’t die c. Gets 24 Years in prison 43. Henry Clay Frick a. Becomes the new leader during the homestead strike (Andrew Carnegie appoints him) b.He is the one that orders the Pinkertons c. Survived plan assassination from Alexander Berkman 44. Eugene Debs a. From Indiana, Socialist b.Starts working on the Railroads at age 14 c. At age 16 he becomes a fireman (Person who shovels coal into the engine) d.He starts the Brotherhood of Fireman i. Just the fireman together and not the rest of the Railroads 45. James Whitcomb Riley a. Great poet of Indiana b.Debs and Riley travel together and he often writes poems about him 46. American Railway Union a. Eugene Debs creates this to unite all of the Railroad workers 47. Pullman Strike (1894) a. “Sympathy” Strike b.Pullman made the carts for almost all of the trains i. They felt like they weren’t getting paid enough so they decided to go on strike c. The rest of the Railroad went on strike with them even though they don’t really work together d.Eugene Debs was against this but he went on strike with them 48. Socialist Party in America (1897) a. Debs creates this party and decides to run for office from 1900-1920 b.In 1900 he gets 60,000 votes and in 1912 he gets 900,000 votes (nearly 6% of the pop. Vote) c. He is 1 of 4 parties running for president 49. Edward Bellamy a. Writes Looking Backward 50. Looking Backward a. Written by Edward Bellamy b.3 bestselling novel by 1897 51. Nationalist Clubs a. Clubs created in the Aftermath of Edward Bellamy’s book Looking Backward 52. Bellamy Clubs a. Also called Nationalist clubs b.They make sure that the future looks like it does in the book c. 10,000 people nationwide, most of them are middle class 53. William Dean Howells a. Writes Traveler from Altruria b.More realistic outlook on a solution to the problem than Bellamy’s book 54. Traveler from Altruria a. A utopian written by William Dean Howells b.About a guy that comes from a different country and shows people how to share and do things 55. Stephen Crane a. Author of Maggie: A Girl of the Streets b.More realistic look in solving the matter at hand 56. Maggie: A Girl of the Streets a. Describes life in New York City b.Live in a tenemant c. Mom kicks her out of the house and she becomes a prostitute d.She walks into the Hudson Bay and dies 57. Farmers and western miners a. Suffering from Economic problems b.Farm prices drop 43% and price of Silver drops nearly 50% 58. Mary Elizabeth Lease a. Spectacular speaker who went to law school b.She travels the country side trying to get farmers behind her political movement 59. “Sockless Jerry” Simpson a. Kansas rancher turned Congressman 60. Tom Watson a. Vibrant speaker from Georgia i. He is also racist 61. People's Party (Populists) a. A political party representing Farmers and Miners 62. General James Weaver a. Presidential candidate for the People’s Party 63. Panic of 1893 a. When the economic depression from the Farmers and Miners hit everyone else b.Democrats adopt People’s Party ideals 64. Gold standard a. At this time America was on the Gold standard and wanted to move to the Silver standard (Some not all) 65. William Jennings Bryan a. Leading candidate for the Peoples party 66. Cross of Gold speech a. Speech to move from the Gold standard to the Silver standard 67. “boy orator of the Platte” a. William Jennings Bryan’s nickname 68. William McKinley a. Republican candidate wanted to stay with the Status Quo b.He ended up being right 69. “front porch” campaign a. He gave speeches from his front porch because he thought he was well off enough 70. Mark Hanna a. He poured a lot of money in the campaign of William McKinley 71. Frank Baum a. Author of the book of The Wizard of Oz 72. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz a. Based in the late 1800’s
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