Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide
Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide Anthropology 120
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Melodi Harfouche on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Anthropology 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Kandace Hollenbach in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Prehistoric Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide Key Terms: Anthropology Archaeology Culture Biocultural approach Ethnocentrism Artifact Ecofact Feature Site Matrix Provenience Association Context Ancestral traits Derived traits Movius line What are the main tenants of: Catastrophism Principle of superposition Principle of uniformitarianism Stratigraphy Natural selection Unilinear cultural evolution Multilinear cultural evolution Ethnoarchaeology Experimental archaeology Multiregional model of H. sapiens and spread through world vs. Out of Africa model of H. sapiens evolution and spread through world Other Key Questions to know: What are the four main components of culture? What are the mechanisms for transmission and transformation of culture? What are the goals of archaeological research? How is a site formed through behavioral processes and transformational processes? What are the biases introduced by each? What are the physical and behavioral traits shared by primates? What are the physical and behavior traits that differentiate nonhuman primates from humans? What are the problems with using modern human foragers and nonhuman primates as analogs? Things to Know about Hominids: Know the order of appearance Know the key nicknames of some: o Lucy, Taung Child, and Turkana Boy Which traits appear first? With which genera? o Ex. Bipedalism, different toolkits (Mousterian, Olduwan, Acheulian, etc.), controlled use of fire, skilled hunting, capability for speech, burials, art, etc. Direct Evidence for Past Hominid Physical Traits and Behaviors Bioarchaeological Archaeological (material culture – artifacts, ecofacts, features) Environmental data Analogies Be able to give examples of behaviors for which we have no direct evidence Know these arguments: Man the hunter Lovejoy’s model Model for division of labor Grand mothering hypothesis Meat’s patriarchy
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