New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CPO2001 Exam #1 Review

by: Anna Cappelli

CPO2001 Exam #1 Review CPO2001

Anna Cappelli
GPA 3.85

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

this study guide covers the review for exam #1
Comparative Politics
Dr. Sebastian Elischer
Study Guide
Comparative Politics, Politics, political science
50 ?




Popular in Comparative Politics

Popular in Political Science

This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Anna Cappelli on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CPO2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Sebastian Elischer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Florida.


Reviews for CPO2001 Exam #1 Review


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/06/16
Cases for Exam #1 United Kingdom United States Japan Historical world’s oldest democracy, 16th C settlement - colonial rule - cultural influence from Tang Dynasty Development & includes England, Scotland, revolution, Tokugawa - unified important facts Wales, and North Ireland, Civil war - important for slavery and Meiji revolution - ending feudal physical separation from centralization of state authority Taisho democracy- liberal Europe political proponents- short-lived Political Regime no written constitution but federal system, parliamentary & institutions there is the magna Carta, & significance of constitution- oldest one unitary division of power bill of rights & other still used, bill of rights, separation ofthe iron triangle : bureaucrats, documents, powers politicians, and big business unitary regime, high freedom, low equality constitution in 1889 but the modern Head of state: the queen presidential system one is similar to that of the US - 1947 Head of government: prime — it is a paradox because it is written minister very democratically but in reality is parliamentary very elitist Legislature no checks & balances bicameral- upper house - senate & Diet (twisted diet = upper & lower between branches ~ vote of lower house - house of representatives house are run by 2 different parties) no confidence head of state and government - — lower house - house of bicameral - lower house = president representatives & upper house - commons (more power) & house of councillors upper house - lords constitution reaches emperor’s role - parliamentary - executive its merely symbolic chosen out of legislative head of gov - prime minister (rotate body quickly) Juiciary common law judicial review supreme court - supposed to be active judge - compares federal judges - lifetime appointments independent but actually is not cases because no code supreme court is active body unitary system electoral system SMD SMD mixed - SMD & PR party system multi party system - Labour - two party system — democrats - origin somewhat one party dominant system support working class, more “common man,” shift toward social — liberal democratic party (LDP) is liberal, welfare state welfare, labor unions, civil rights & dominant and conservative , no conservative- moderate equality & Republicans - origin anti- defined ideology, fractional division state of welfare slavery. economic and moral democratic party of japan - centrist, liberal democrats- in conservative, favor individual freedom doesn’t have set ideology just against between the two over collective equality LDP society homogenous- lot of white “melting pot” - heterogeneous state homogenous - 98.5% ethnically same folk, some people from idea of populism - common man will - important effect on idea of nation- former colonies have a say in politics/common man will state civil society fair weak ethnic and national identity: decide instead of elite expert trade unions are excluded from power bid difference between rich emphasis on group conformity and and poor, cultures, etc social hierarchy political neoliberal - more free mercantilist- want to keep others out/ economy market south England protect their industries BUT they’re is more wealthy than north sometimes weak and lack innovation because they don’t have to compete with everyone else foreign relations maintain good relationship they kind of hate everyone else — i with former colonies think it has todo with their Scotland’s bid for apprehension towards global independence UK commerce constantly pushing for British sovereignty from 1 Europe legitimacy traditional & legal-rational rational-legal rational-legal Review Exam #1 Black Book: Chapter 1 inductive - from studying a case to generating a hypothesis deductive- start with a theory and then the comparative approach correlation/causation - correlation does not mean causation - just because their is a relationship between 2 events does not mean one is cause and other is the effect - could be a third party challenges comparatists face- few cases, so many variables, variables endogenous - cause and effect behavioral revolution of polio science - machiavelli and Aristotle Aristotle was the first westerner to separate the study of politics from that of philosophy and Machiavelli made it possible for a comparative approach to emerge qualitative- carry out intensive study of cases through archival research, interviews - good because such intensive study requires deeper grasp of political context but bad because the result is often only description rather than comparative analysis quantitative- gather numerical data for statistical analysis - look for patterns, test ideas. good because they can look at a number of cases and can control variables more easily + its more “scientific” and bad because data could be skewed or incomplete, research is driven by what is available rather than vice versa rational choice theory - game theory to study the rules and games by which politics is played an how human beings act on their preferences formal/informal institutions freedom vs equality - driving factor of political system 2 Chapter 2 define state - the organization that maintains a monopoly of violence over a territory regime - the fundamental rules and norms of politics - embodies long-term goals that guide the state with regard to individual freedom and collective equality, where power should reside, and how power should be used. e l government - the leadership that runs the state Gov n t state vs regime vs gov - graphics — governments are relatively less i institutionalized than regimes and states. governments may come an regime s i go, while regimes and states usually have more staying power s state l consensus - social contract between rulers and ruled — individuals band together to protect themselves and create common rules; leadership chosen from among people. security through cooperation — democratic rule correction - rise of the state and institutions created inequality and harmed social balance — individuals are brought together by a ruler, who imposes authority and monopolizes power. security through domination — authoritarian rule legitimacy types: traditional - built by habit and custom over time, doing things because they have always been that way, stressing history; strongly institutionalized — Monarch (Queen Elizabeth 11) Charismatic - built on force of ideas and the presence of the leader; weakly institutionalized — revolutionary hero (Vladimir Lenin) Rational-Legal - built on rules and procedures and the offices that create and enforce those rules; strongly institutionalized — elected executive (Obama) centralization vs decentralization - comparing states, how much power does a state have, and where does that power reside —devolution- a greater tendency toward decentralization; viewed as a way to increase state legitimacy by moving political power closer to the people, a concern as states have grown larger and more complex over time 3 federalism - significant powers devolved to the local level by constitution, not easily taken away — US unitary states - most or all power resides with the central government — Britain and Japan autonomy - ability to act free from direct public interference capacity - ability of states to get things done Autonomy/Capacity High Autonomy Low Autonomy High Capacity state able to fulfill basic state able to fulfill basic tasks, tasks with a min of public but public plays a direct role in intervention; power highly determining policy and is able centralized; strong state to limit state power and scope of activity Danger too high a level a capacity state may be unable to and autonomy may prevent develop new policies or or undermine democracy respond to new challenges owing to the power of organized opposition Low Capacity state is able to function witstate lacks the ability to fulfill a min of public interference basic tasks and is subject to or direct control, but its direct public control and capacity to fulfill basic taskinterference - power highly is limited decentralized among state and non state actors; weak state Danger state in ineffectual, limitintoo low a level of capacity and development, and slow autonomy may lead to internal development may provoke state failure public unrest Chapter 3 ethnic identity - specific attributes and societal institutions that make one group of people culturally different from others - often based on customs, lang, religion, or other factors, not inherently political ascription - an identity assigned at birth, largely fixed 4 national identity - binds people through common political aspirations - i.e. sovereignty - a sense of belonging to a nation and a belief in its political aspirations, inherently political patriotism - pride in one’s state citizenship - an individual’s or group’s relation to the state; the individual swears allegiance to the state, and the state in turn provides certain benefits or rights - purely political and thus more easily changes than ethnic identity or national identity nation state - a sovereign state encompassing one dominant nation that it claims to embody and represent ethnic conflict - struggle between groups to achieve economic/political goals at other groups’ expense (superiority) - more about resources attitudes - speeds/methods/pace of change radicals - seek revolutionary change, violently if necessary liberals - seek evolutionary change conservatives- seek little or no change of system reactionaries - seek to restore previous order, violently if necessary ideologies- set of political values regarding the fundamental goals of politics liberalism - individual political and economic freedom; weak state with low autonomy - controlled by people; higher inequality communism - low individual political freedom, belief that struggle over resources breed inequality, high equality as the goal, strong state with high autonomy - state should intervene directly in people’s lives social democracy- seeks to balance individual freedom and collective equality - clearly favor equality; role for relatively strong state to manage this, more common in Europe- “welfare states” fascism- low individual political freedom, but also inequality - based on superiority of some over many - cultural and racial hierarchy, high autonomy and capacity to direct nation and vanquish enemies 5 anarchism - high focus on individual freedom and emphasizes equality, belief that states are the problem, not the solution - believe states try to suppress people and it creates more injustices than anything fundamentalism - ideology that seeks to unite religion with the state to make faith the sovereign authority culture- content of institutions that help define society Chapter 4 political economy - how politics and economics are related and ow each affects the balance between equality and freedom market - interaction between forces of supply and demand - creates values for goods and services - decentralized ; they are the medium through which buyers and sellers exchange goods social expenditures - “welfare”- state provision of public benefits, redistribution power places in the hands of the state; free market economy - reattribute wealth; as many people as possible get equality GDP - total production in a country irrespective of who owns it; its limits because it does not take into account costs of living in different countries Gini index - measures relative wealth and inequality within the state (perfect equality = 0 and inequality = 100) PPP Purchasing power parity— look at GDP in terms of buying power, attempts to estimate the buying power of income in each country by comparing similar costs HDI human development index— emphasis on poverty/development over inequality, not only looks at the total amount of wealth in a society and its distribution but also gives equal weight to income, health, and educational indicators ELF- ethno-lingustic fractionalization hyperinflation - inflation of more than 50% a month for 2 months in a row — government prints money to cover basic expenditures deflation - too many goods chasing too few dollars 6 central bank role - an institution that controls how much money is flowing through the economy as well as how much it costs to borrow money in that economy arguments for and against trade regulation: FOR TRADE REGULATION- to generate state revenue, to foster local industry, to protect local jobs, and to keep wealth in the country AGAINST- to promote competition, to keep the costs of goods low, to stimulate domestic innovation in areas of comparative advantage features of diff types of political economic systems Political Economic Systems liberalism social democracy communism mercantilism role of the state in little; minimal some state total state much state the economy welfare state ownership, ownership; ownership or regulation; large extensive welfare direction; small welfare state state welfare state role of the market paramount important but no none limited sacrosanct state capacity and low moderate very high high autonomy importance of low high high low equality how is policy pluralism corporatism state/party state made? possible flaws inequality expense authoritarianism inefficiency examples UK, US, former Europe (Germany, Cuba, Soviet Union, Japan, South Korea British colonies Sweden) North Korea 7 8


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.