Nutrition 109:Study Guide 1
Nutrition 109:Study Guide 1 nutrition 109
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BIO 120 (Principles of Biology)
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Donnetta Shanklin on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to nutrition 109 at Western Illinois University taught by Mr. Gurzell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Nutrition 109 in Nutrition and Food Sciences at Western Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/06/16
Nutrition Study Guide for Test 1 1. What are the 5 characteristics for a nutritious diet? 2. Which one of the two primary categories of food are the most essential for a healthy diet? 3. How do we choose food? 4. What is the goal of a healthy diet? 5. What does diet mean? Where does it come from? 6. What are the 4 major healthy behaviors? 7. What does a good diet consist of? 8. What are the fields within nutrition? 9. What are some questions that are brought up when talking about nutrition? 10. What does nutrition mean? What are some Nutritional considerations? 11. What are some nourishment from foods? 12. What are macronutrients? 13. What are micronutrients? 14. How many calories/gram are in carbs, alcohol,fats, and proteins, and water? 15. What are structurefunction claims? 16. Are all food labels legitimate? Why or why not? 17. What is the definition of food? 18. What are the 6 key nutrients? 19. What is a healthy diet pattern? 20. What are the most important and least important foods in the Latin American, Asian,and Mediterranean food pyramids? Answers 1. Adequacy, Balance, Calorie Control, Moderation, Variety 2. Whole, unprocessed foods 3. Cost, cultural significance, taste preference, societal cues, Holidays and events etc. 4. To minimize the risk of death and disease 5. comes from the Greek word: diaita:t means way of life 6. Eat healthy, be active, don’t smoke, don’t drink excessively 7. Food, physical activity, social interactions, not smoking, only drinking once in awhile and a good amount of sleep 8. Biochemistry, Immunology, Informatics Epidemiology, Community, Clinical/Dietetics 9. What is considered to be healthy for you? What is a good diet? What is a bad diet? How are genetics related to nutrition? How does physically activity come into play with nutrition? 10. The science of how food nourishes the body; Biological, Social, and Environmental 11. Foods can influence health, your body continually renews itself, ideal foods support growth and maintenance, and malnutrition 12. Energyyielding nutrients; carbs, fats, proteins 13. Vitamins and minerals; provide no energy; micronutrient deficiencies were responsible for a lot of disease burdens 14. Carbs: 4 cal/gram; fats: 9 cal/gram; proteins: 4 cal/gram; alcohol:7 cal/gram; water:no calories, but essential 15. Don’t mention a disease and you can say whatever 16. No, the only evidencebased are FDAapproved claims 17. Any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink, or that plants absorb, in order to maintain life and growth 18. Carbohydrates, fat,protein,vitamins,minerals, and water 19. Low in highlyprocessed foods, high in fruits and vegetables, low in meat, sweets sparingly 20. Latin American: fruits and veggies; meat, sweets, and eggs. Asian: Rice, beans, noodles, and other grains; meat. Mediterranean: breads, pasta, ricem, grains; sweets
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