Merving people about food consumption: @nick 115t- everything the subject ate in the
last 24 hrs
(3upper-arm circumference. Are you undernourished> undernourished people have + very thin arms
Are you too far below
- normal? Normal-vise ang height weight of a reference person
or median (50th percentile) Don't forget about the age old question of What is the function and location of chromatin?
If you want to learn more check out What are some examples of acidic and neutral substances?
OV "healthy range" to blw -+-4 * see examples in propt (Saran L
Anthropometrio Mal Nourishment
- Mild: 76-907. of median Median
Moderate:61-757. 0347 347.
/ malnounshirt 51. - severe: 607. or belony ! Don't forget about the age old question of What is the structure of the middles section of external membrane?
2. Forgoiten foods-soda, snacks 3. Occasion when they cite it u Detail cycle- was there dip? or milk wi amean? 5. Final probe- fact check issues
Anthropometry!!!! subject lies
- compare subject to reference subject forgets
ex. 20 yr old of same Subiect moditres diet + background Expensive
tors if gap is big b/w subject Time-consuming indice mitior reference = under nourished We also discuss several other topics like What is the process for computing for the second law of thermodynamics?
nderna + use weight, height, + We also discuss several other topics like Which aspects are monitored as part of healthcare?
If you want to learn more check out How is the navier-stokes equation applied?
upper arm circumference Weight: Kncron that
@ Height: correlation seen ^ Weight -- good nutrition Othm endence of skeletons
1750: 2170 (als (clay, ang height was 165.9 cm. 2000 : 3150 cals, avg 175.0 cm
yž -a tā ī a, 3
BMI: X218.5 =
undernutrition Standard deviations Lawnu arm measurements can Hunger + Food Insecurity pronde info abt under nutrition
in the us:
questions like -Surveymore than 2- "did you lose weight be no food insecure
money for food?" OV "did you notect for a whole day blc there wasn't enough $ for food?"
cusnally) (nveight Jage)
How do we know it's nutrition Cesp. height)? undernutrition during -compared heignts to mie - growing years means
out genes as a factor individual does not
reach full height ex. Guatemalan r immigrant children to Florida
Lecture #6: Numbers |- From Food & Agriculture org (FAO), part of U.N.
~ 805 million undernonnished people as reported I by FAO in us 11.3%. Of vond population
obecreased in past 20 yrs
→ Mostly in east lastă calories per person per day: 2600in 1990, 2860 in 200
→ 107 increase in past 20 yrs
→ Req= N20 50 calories.
* Adequate calories in wond but they are
not distributed well. undernutntion : Asia (india, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan)
o Wasting, FIOW Weignt for herant
Stunted = Tow height for age Other issues:
-Low birthnreight babies worst off countries
Laindicates nutritional status of mothers - Lav lite expentancy - Infant + child mortality . * Net food output has
increased Trend of
Lecture #5 - Impacts of undernntntion "why short people are poor" i. Increased risk of mortality-undernutten
susceptibility to disease
lity undernutrition increases Lack of nuthents tlow weight for age in children ex. Malang: lack of zinc + vitamin A, underweight Good nutrition - taller - lower nsk Of ill health
A why children? We study them blc they are and most likely
to die after old people (which
makes sense) decith " 7 of median weight from malnutrition is
for-age undernutrition causes Low birth weight :
tability to fight infection. 40x chance of death
dehydration - Weak immune system
caused (usually) by -More complications from disease maternal prenchal
. mainutrition undernntrion + Mental capabilities 1.LBW babies have smaller brains LBW -lon 2. LBN are often sick
I birth weight
babies 3. causes lower IQ's (due to lack of nutrier
balso have ferver yrs of school 4. Brains are less stimulded bc Often sick cless, ioner
cognitive functioning Heavier, taller = earn more money, less likely to be unemployed
to poverty cute Lovages of poor health it
undernutrition in developing
Ch. 4-6 dcter in
Ch. 4-6 Notes (What wasn't in Prats) Measuining Nutritional status - Clinical assessment
(pinysican Dietary assessment - Dietary record
chib impacts of undem utrition - Mortality linked to BMI
Dependent on childhood nutrition, which
"affects height, + current nutrition
Relative which affects current weight HILI
nisk Child Health:
• Mainarnished mothers likely to reignt have malnourished babies
to breastfeeding improves
child's health i guaranteed t
(measure body parts)
list what they
sment - Biochem assessment
Dietary record - Anthropometry Dietary Recall write down (measy
Cask them to what they body po
eat at ate)
meais) impuits Of UN on Growth + Development nutno
nent a unaention
Igin Weight - Stunting: low height for ageishonis past UN to seen during war or economic depression
- High rates of - Wasting: low weight for height; current ni
child mortalitus Sanitary food supply) -underweight low weight for age..
undernutrition Fast composition: low levels cana UN
- Micronutrient defiencies like - uses:
weakens immune sodine Nature vs. Nuture
- Investigare a popis
system -UN can reduce fertility - Ethnicity affects weight
Protein rcalone nutrition since Ptc affect
(pnevmonia, flv) -can affect intellectual development -Nature cgeness determine
growth the most maximum potential height
+ cognitive functioning example – Determine
UN r Education: -Nuiture (environment
Direct: brain development determines to what degree of
1-Fasting 7 16 hrs
Indirect less brain stim height they gror to
Reference group: same impairs memonyt -Iron tiodine deficiencies Read Ways to Measure:
age tsex, used to compare focus
to lower IQs - Weight for age
Large Groups: s
- More distracted, -WHO z-score's (standard ince
-Lower productivity at Work deviation) + - Road to Health
a sample to draw restless, suffer from Đ esp. labor jobs - Gomez
nutrition-related small people are less - BMI
effective workers - Mid-upper arm
-Measured by lower o Increase in height by 17. circumference
-1 in Wages byl.387.
conclusions -Morality or disease rates - Food balance sheets
ch. 6 undemutntion: Who, When, m seasonality:
people at risk are usucilly at risk for periods of time, not all year -Fellon's seasons: growing
US hunger secison
• Production, price, and Availability clffected
Who, when, where?
Calone deficiency = Prevalence of UN?
- Not always -Truie w congo, Tajia
Burundi ASIA: women are less cared for, lower quality
of child care, poor
hygiene top of 11st Where? -Rural areas : lower incomes, lower availability, higher
prices . ex. Food deserts
who is most vulnerable? Food Crisis of 2007-208
- infants esp. switch from
breast milk to food (not as -pras rose 2000-06 nutritious) - Shot up by 60%. - Pregnant licctating women
from 2007-08 - Elderly women - Fell dimost as quickly as they nose.