Exam 1 Review
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Date Created: 02/07/16
Intro to Human Geography Exam 1 Review Guide I. Section 1: Key Terms a. Know what these terms mean i. Physical ii. Human iii. GIS (Geographic Information Systems) iv. Geodemographic research v. Places vi. Regions vii. Cultural landscapes viii. Symbolic landscape ix. Ordinary 0r Vernacular landscape x. Sense of place xi. Life world xii. Third places xiii. Formal, Function, and Vernacular regions xiv. Vernacular xv. Regionalism xvi. Sectionalism xvii. Irredentism xviii. Site xix. Map Projections xx. Situation xxi. Life expectancy xxii. Infant Mortality Rate xxiii. Under-Five Mortality Rate xxiv. Cognitive maps xxv. Overlay, Progression, Aspatial xxvi. Cognitive distance, Friction of distance, and distance xxvii. Greenwich xxviii. Absolute, Topological, Socio-Economic, and Cognitive space xxix. Time-space convergence xxx. Spatial diffusion xxxi. Spatial interaction xxxii. Isolines xxxiii. Population pyramids xxxiv. Old, Bearing, and Baby brackets xxxv. Classic, Column, and Inverted pyramids xxxvi. Emigration, Immigration, and Refugee xxxvii. First agriculture revolution xxxviii. Minisystems xxxix. Slash and Burn xl. Law of diminishing returns xli. Colonization xlii. Hydraulic societies xliii. Trade routes xliv. Hinterlands xlv. World systems xlvi. External arenas xlvii. Plantations xlviii. Cash crop xlix. African Diaspora l. Core li. Periphery lii. Semi periphery liii. Division of labor liv. Comparative advantage lv. Colonialism lvi. Imperialism lvii. Leadership cycles lviii. Hegemony II. Section 2: Concepts about landscapes a. What type of landscape conveys a sense of power? b. The Great Pyramids at Giza is a great example of what kind of landscape? c. Gas stations are a type of ordinary landscape. True or false? d. If something reflects a human beings basic need, then it is particularly what kind of landscape? III. Section 3: Concepts about Sense of place a. What is really a sense of place? b. Things taken for granted in patterns of daily life is called? c. What are third places? List and give examples of each. IV. Section 4: Concepts about Geographic Regions of the world a. What are the three units of similarity? Describe each one and give examples. b. List what is defined by people’s feelings and attitudes about an area. V. Section 5: Concepts on Mental Maps, Distance, and Location a. True or False: Cognitive maps are not based on ideas and impressions b. List the three types of mental maps and define each. c. Friction of distance requires what? d. Amount and intensity of interaction is mostly like what term? e. True or False: Greenwich is the historic reference point for the measurement of space and time. VI. Section 6: Concepts on Space a. Compare and contrast absolute and topological space. b. Compare and contrast socio-economic, cultural, and cognitive space. VII. Section 7: Map Projections a. A map projection distorts what? b. Be able to differentiate between Mercator, Mollweide, Azimuthal Equidistant Projection, Robinson projection, Dymaxion map, and Cartograms. VIII. Section 8: Concepts on Population Growth and Change a. What is the Rate of Natural Increase? Total Fertility Rate? b. RNI is mostly expressed by what? What two factors give birth to the RNI? c. Differentiate between crude birth rates and crude death rates. d. CBR and CDR are expressed as? e. How many people are born each year? f. Which countries have a 90% growth in population? g. What is the Total Fertility Rate? h. What is the Replacement Rate and why is it that number? i. Describe the Demographic Transition Model and it stages. IX. Population Pyramids a. Define what a population pyramid is. b. What are the inputs? c. Be able to contrast the different brackets and population pyramid shapes. X. Concepts on the Pre-Modern World a. Everyone who specializes in a particular job and shares surplus is a part of what? b. What is the transition from hunter-gatherer groups to Minisystems called? c. True or false: slash and burn techniques helped the environment produce more crops. d. What were the pre-conditions that agriculture provided for world-empires? e. Military coercion and religious persuasion are contributors of? XI. Concepts on Hearth Areas a. What is the type of hearth areas in the Middle East? South Asia? China? Mesoamerica? XII. Concepts on Early Empires a. Describe Hydraulic societies. XIII. Concepts on Pre-Modern World Geography a. Silk Road towns were centers of what? b. Trade routes were easier on what kind of roads? XIV. Concepts on World Systems a. World systems are independent or dependent? b. Regions not absorbed are called what? c. Industrialization began where? d. What went from local to regional? e. What happened from 1790-1850? f. What happened from 1850-1870? XV. Concepts on Specializations a. Describe what each country(s) specialize in” i. India- ii. Brazil- iii. Chile- iv. Ghana- v. Caribbean- vi. Bolivia- vii. Sri Lanka- XVI. Concepts on Trade and Merchant Capitalism a. What did the Portuguese called their ships? b. List some ways that merchants and traders are able to navigate the seas. c. List some goods that were purchased from merchants. XVII. Concepts on Haiti a. Haiti is considered what? b. Columbus arrived in Haiti on what date and where? c. The 1697 Treaty of Ryswick divided the island into what? d. True or false: Haiti was considered France’s “tropical jewel”? e. What kind of economy was Haiti? f. What killed many Haitian slaves? g. What privileges did mixed-race descendants have? h. What happened in 1791? i. Haiti gained their independence in? j. Who refused to recognize Haiti as an independent nation? k. African slaves outnumbered the French in what ratio? XVIII. Concepts on Neo-Africa a. Describe the African Diaspora. XIX. Concepts on Spaces in Africa a. Between 1870 to 1900, what did European countries add in Africa? XX. Concepts on Imperialism a. What three things did the Europeans disregard as important when carving Africa into colonies and protectorates? XXI. Concepts on Transnational Corporations a. In 2007, what three things occurred? XXII. Bonus Section: Additional things/ reminders before the exam a. Absolute is fixed; contains numbers and degrees. b. Relative is flexible and relatable. c. Latitude lines are horizontal lines. d. Longitude lines are vertical lines. e. A Robinson projection compromises for maps (leaves out certain things). f. Cartograms blatantly distort shape of land masses and areas. g. Choropleth maps represent data with tonal shadings (colors). h. Dot maps are better for population, size, etc. i. An example of stage 1 demographic would be something deep within the Brazilian Rainforest. j. Work is a learned behavior. k. Power can be discovered in symbolic landscapes. l. Geography is recognizing and understanding interdependence of places and regions. m. Culture’s values, beliefs, and goods are exchanged in world systems
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