CRCJ 3300 : Theoretical Criminology
CRCJ 3300 : Theoretical Criminology CRCJ 3300
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maria Camacho on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRCJ 3300 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Arthur G. Vasquez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Theoretical Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
CRCJ 3300 – Exam 1: Study Guide The origins of modern criminology Classical Theory (Beccaria): argues that crime is caused by natural forces or forces of this world. Focuses on natural forces that can be observed. o rational people want to minimize their pain and maximize their pleasure. Cesare Lombroso’s Theory: many criminals are “genetic throwbacks” meaning that criminals are not normal and that’s why they commit crime. It also argues that crime is caused by natural forces. o “Positive school” of criminology: crime is due to forces beyond the individuals control. o Biological, psychological, or social forces o Scientific method – must be tested Blind justice (the law should be applied to everyone) Classical school: individuals freely choose to engage in crime Positive school: individuals have no control of their actions Lombroso’s research Now – biology is influenced by the social environment Deterrence and rational choice Difference between criminal involvement and criminal events… Criminal involvement: decision to become involved in a crime. ACT Criminal events: decision to commit specific criminal acts. Process Wright and Decker: looked at “armed robbers in action” o Decision to commit robbery was generally motivated by the “need” for money Routine Activities Theory In order for crime to occur one must o Motivated offenders o Suitable targets o Absence of guardians Influenced by our “routine activities” o Work o Family o Leisure o Consumption activities Offenders commit crimes that can intersect in nodes with the victims (home, school, work, entertainment, etc.) 4 principles of defensible space o territoriality o natural surveillance o image o milieu Biosocial and trait theories biosocial – modern work on biology and crime then recognizes the importance of the social environment. Theory states o Biological and environmental factors influence the development of traits conductive to crime o Traits influence the social environment in ways that it can increase crime o Crime fits most in individuals that have traits conducive to crime in aversive environments The Gluecks o Talks about the theory being multifactored o Antisocial behavior was related to criminal behavior o Antisocial youths impact the social world Test Questions: 1. According to offender search theory: Offenders are likely to commit crimes near the nodes and routes that comprise their everyday activities because that is thought to be the easiest and least risky. 2. Which of the following polices would Cornish & Clarke, based on their rational choice theory, argue would be most effective in reducing the occurrence of criminal events? Burglar alarms on houses 3. Which of the following statements about classical criminology theory is true? Its foundations were outlined in an essay on crimes and punishment. 4. Most important element That it is certain
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