Communication COM 313
Popular in Interpersonal Communication in Close Relationships
Popular in Communication
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Colleen McCurry on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to COM 313 at University of Kentucky taught by Dr. Kelly McAninch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Close Relationships in Communication at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
COM 313: Interpersonal Communication in Close Relationships Study Guide – Exam 1 Chapter 1 Be able to define and distinguish between: role relationships, interpersonal relationships, and close relationships. o Role relationships: an example is your coffee shop cashier. They affect one another at a task level. They know little information about your unique characteristics but they are extremely helpful and important because they are the most common. o Interpersonal relationships: They have a mutual influence on an emotional and social level, with unique interaction patterns and maybe even some shared history. o Close relationships: They are built off of interpersonal relationships but on a deeper emotional attachment. They need fulfillment of affection, inclusion, and control. This relationship also contains irreplaceability. Be able to explain the communication and social psychology foundations of relationship research. In other words, what basic information about relationships did communication and social psychology scholars contribute (see p. 45 in book, lectures notes)? o Why we need research: to update knowledge about relationships, inform people about relationships. To develop interventions to help people in relationship crisis. o Communication foundations: are unique and exist through communication. o Social Psychology foundations: based on rewards and cost, involve reciprocity, and rely on selfdisclosure. Be able to explain the six principles of interpersonal communication. (Remember, we went over two extra pieces of information related to the shared meaning principle, and you’ll need to know those two points.) 1. Communication occurs through various channels verbal vs. nonverbal, face to face vs. online. 2. Communication is inevitable meaning that it is impossible to not communicate in some way. 3. Communication is goal oriented meaning that you want to preserve either your selfpresentational. Relational, or instrumental side. 4. Communication is related to shared meaning. a. Some scholars argue the effective messages lead to shared meaning because effectiveness/ shared meaning do not always equal healthy, pleasant, or satisfying communication. b. However the goal of the communication may be to keep the other from understanding you at all –Strategic Ambiguity 5. Communication contains 2 types of information: content and relational. 6. Communication can be Symmetrical (mimicking someone’s behavior to you back) or Asymmetrical (having submissive behavior). Social Science Research Basics Be able to explain the two defining elements of social science research: collect aggregate data and analyze data. o Collecting aggregate data is with observations, measurements, and descriptions from a group of people. o Analyzing data is when you should identify patterns, relationships, and differences among groups or gain a deeper understanding. Be able to define and give examples of two types of social science research. o Basic: learn about the relationships among phenomena. o Applied: solves an immediate practical problem. Be able to describe four standards of excellence for social science research. o Must be data driven, systematic (having a procedure), replicable, and end with an argument in the conclusions. Research Methods Be able to define and distinguish between these concepts: quantitative versus qualitative questions, research question versus research hypothesis, and positive versus negative association. o Quantitative: these types of questions are looking for numbers; they make observations in the social world and turn them into statistics. o Qualitative: these questions are looking for in depth descriptions with detailed knowledge in words to offer a greater understanding. o Research Questions: questions about relationship(s) between phenomena, these questions can be either qualitative, quantitative or both. o Hypothesis: expectations of events based on the assumed relationship between phenomena, these are more commonly quantitative expectations. o Positive Association: an increase in one variable is associated with an increase in the other variable. o Negative Association: a decrease in one variable is associated with an increase in the other variable. Be able to describe and give examples of four types of research methods. o Self report Survey: reports from individuals about their own behavior. Ask with open and close ended questions. Openended question example what actions do you talk to resolve conflict? Closeended question example how often do you and your partner fight? (Often, sometimes, never) o In Depth Interviews: asking a person to describe in detail their experiences with questions like “how do you feel when you are engaging in conflict?” o Experiments: studying the effect of a manipulated variable in situations where all other influences are held constant. o Observational Study: directly monitoring or watching peoples behaviors. Be able to explain what the term participants refer to in social science research. o Participants: the people you get data from. Its important that your participants match your question and every method needs participants. Evaluating Research and Research Ethics Be able to describe and give examples of the four criteria for a “good” research question. o A good research question is interesting, important, researchable, and ethical. Interesting applicable to other people, not specific to you with socially significant topics. Important there’s benefits from investigating the topics and risks of not investigating it. There is relative lack of knowledge about the topic Researchable the topic can reasonably be studied Ethical the benefits outweigh the risks and people volunteer for the study Be able to describe basic details about the Zimbardo prison study and the halo effect study we discussed during lecture (goal of study, basic method/procedures, results of study). o Zimbardo Prison Study: Prisoners vs. Prison Guards. Fake arrests, violence and riots because of this the study didn’t make it to their 2 weeks goal. Goal to see how much people would take into their fake roles. o Halo Effect: British people on a channel called the science of attraction. What are people’s first impressions? One guy followed a script with 2 different personalities to see how women watching would react. Goal to see how much personality and tone can affect someone’s first impression. Be able to describe two requirements for using deception in social science research. As part of this you must know the definition of debriefing. o Not allowed unless there is significant information that can not be gained in any other way o Debriefing is required questions being answered about a mission/ experiment. Be able to define sampling and give examples of common sampling techniques. o Sampling definition: gathering a group of participants from the population. Examples: volunteering, recruitments, sending out surveys… Be able to describe and give examples of the volunteerism effect. o Volunteerism Effect: bias based on people opting vs. refusing to volunteer because even if you reach people via sampling some are more likely to volunteer than others. “What types of couples are unlikely to volunteer?” – unhappy and unusual couples… Be able to explain and give examples of bias on surveys.
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