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by: Upasana Raja

Chap2 Psychology 3096

Upasana Raja

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Notes for exam1
Conducting Psychology Research
Study Guide
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Popular in Conducting Psychology Research

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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Upasana Raja on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 3096 at Temple University taught by Lesser in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Conducting Psychology Research in Psychlogy at Temple University.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Experimental Research: The research approach in which one attempts to demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships by manipulating the independent variable Descriptive Research: Research that attempts to describe some phenomenon, events, or situation Quantitative Research: A research study that is based on numerical data Numerical Data: Data consisting of numbers Qualitative Research: A research study that is based on nonnumerical data Nonnumerical Data: Data that consists of pictures, words, statements, clothing, written records or a descriptive of situation and behavior Variable: A characteristic or phenomenon that can vary across or within organisms, situations, or environments Constant: Something that does not vary Categorical Variable: Variable that varies by type or kind Quantitative Variable: Variable that varies by degree or amount Cause-and-effect Relationship: Relationship in which change in one variable produce change in another variable Extraneous Variable: Variable that might compete with the IV in explaining the outcome Mediating Variable: Variable that occurs between two other variables in a causal chain; it's an intervening variable Moderate Variable: Variable that changes or "moderates" the relationship between other variables Causation: A term whose meaning is debated by philosophers, but in everyday language implies that manipulation of one event produces another event Cause: The factor that makes something else exist or change Effect: The difference between what would have happened and what did happen when a treatment is administered Psychological Experiment: Objective observation of phenomena that are made to occur in a strictly controlled situation in which one or more factors are varied and the others are kept constant Manipulation: Active intervention by research that is expected to produce changes in the dependent variable Confounding Variable: An extraneous variable that of not controlled for will eliminate the researcher's ability to claim that the IV causes changes in DV Casual Description: Description of the consequence of manipulating an independent variable Causal Explanation: Explaining the mechanisms through which a causal relationship operates Field Experiment: An experimental research study that is conducted in a real-life setting Laboratory Experiment: An experiment research study that is conducted in the controlled environment of a laboratory Internet Experiment: An experiment study that is conducted over the internet Nonexperimental Quantitative Research: Type of quantitative research in which the independent variable is not manipulated by the researcher Correlational Study: Nonexperimental research study designed to describe relationships among variables to make predictions Third Variable Problem: Occurs when observed relationship between two variables is actually due to confounding extraneous variable Path Analysis: Type of research which a researcher hypothesizes a theoretical causal model and then empirically tests the model Direct Effect: An effect of one variable directly on another variable; depicted as a single arrow in a path model Indirect Effect: An effect occurring through a mediating variable Natural Manipulation Research: Type of research in which the independent variable approximates a naturally occurring manipulation, but it is not manipulated by the researcher Cross-Sectional Study: Study conducted at a single time period, and data are collected from multiple groups; data are collected during a single, brief time period Cohort-Sequential Design: Design that combines cross-sectional and longitudinal elements by following two or more age groups over time Triangulation: Use of multiple data sources, research methods, investigations, and/or theories/perspectives to cross check and corroborate research data and conclusions Method of Data Collection: Technique for physically obtaining the data to be analyzed in a research study Tests: Standardized or researcher constructed data collection instruments designed to measure personality, aptitude, achievement, and performance Questionnaire: Self-report data collection instrument completed by research participants Interview: Data collection method in which an interviewer asks the interviewee a series of questions, often with prompting for additional information


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