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Exam 3 Study guide

by: Ayiana Alatishe

Exam 3 Study guide Introduction to Criminology

Ayiana Alatishe
GPA 3.6

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These notes are what is going cover what's going to be on our next exam.
Morgan Steele
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ayiana Alatishe on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Introduction to Criminology at University of Cincinnati taught by Morgan Steele in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Cincinnati.

Similar to Introduction to Criminology at UC

Popular in Criminal Justice


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Exam 3 Study Guide Concepts to Know Violence as a Crime-offense that has the element of the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person or property of another, Causes of Violent Behavior Psychologiclal/Biological Abnormalilty-people who are involved in violent episodes may be suffering from severe mental abnormalities Human Interaction/Social Interaction- humans enjoying blood shed is perputuated by media violence Substance Abuse-substance abusers have higher rates of violence Socialization and upbringing-absent, or deviant parents, inconsistent discipline, physical abuse, and lack of supervision have all been linked to persistent violent offending -and how the explanations apply to each type of violence Relationship between Substance Use and Violence-psychopharmacological relationship(violence may be the direct consequence of ingesting mood altering substances. Economic compulsive behavior(drug users resort to violence to obtain the financial resources to support their habits. Systemic link(violence escalates when drug dealing gangs flex their muscle to dominate territoru and drive out rivals Gender and Assault-most men are attacked by other men, females are more likely to be attacked by men Abuse, Neglect, and Intimate Partner Violence-abuse is the violent or cruel treatment of person, neglect is not probdiding a child with the care and shelter to which he or she is entitled, and the last one is physical,sexual, or psychological harm by a former partner or spouse Rape’s Reporting Problem-underreported, many victims fail to report rapes because they are embarrassed , believe nothing can be done, or blame themselves Types of Rape and Murder Gang rape-forcible sex involving multiple attackers Serial Rape-multiple rapes committed by one person over time Acquaintance rape-forcible sex in which offender and victim are acquainted with each other Date rape-forcible sex during a courting relationship Statutory rape- sexual relations between an underage individual and an adult, though not coerced, and underage partner is considered incapable of giving informed consent Marital Rape-forcible sex between people who are legally married to each other Second degree murder- homicide with malice but not premeditation or deliberation felony murder-homicide in context of another felony Serial versus Spree Killers Serial killers are people who kill three or more people in three or more seperate events, a spree killer is one who kills two or more victims in a short time in multiple locations Types of Terrorism State terrorism-systematic use by a government to control population Religios terroism- motivated by religious ideologies and greivances Right Wing-combat liberal government and preserve traditional social orders Left wing-seek to overthrow captalist democracies and to establish social or communist governments Pathological Terroism-by individuals who utilize such strategies for the sheer joy of terrorizing other Seperaist -separatists seek to cause fragmentation within a country and establishment a new state Narco Terroism-organizations that gain funds through the sale of drugs. Goals of Terrorism--personal,criminal, or political gain or change Terrorism across the Political Spectrum-right wing political groups(KKK, Aryan Replublican Army), left wing political groups(Black Panthers,Democratic Society) Individual Causes of Terrorism-political change or gain Explanations for White Collar Crime-it is committed by those success stories, and complies with the General strain theory that a person will do whatever it takes to be the most successful that they can be by any means necessary Businesses’ Systemic Commission of White Collar Crime-setting up administrative businesses to oversee business activity, also to force corporate boards to police themselves and take more oversight responsibility Controlling Enterprise Crimes Terms to Know Expressive Violence-acts that vent rage, anger, or frustration Instrumental Violence-acts designed to improe the financial or social position of the criminal Cycle of Violence-Personal traits and makeup, evolutionary factors and human instinct, substance abuse, socialization and upbringing, exposure to violence, cultural values/ subculture of violence Subculture of Violence-norms and customs that legitimize and expect the use of violence to resolve social conflicts Robbery- breaking and entering Assault-requires no actual touching but involves attempted bateru or intentionally frightening victim by word or deed Rape-carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will Homicide-deliberate killing of another person Stalking-pattern of behavior directed at a specific person that includes repeated physical or visual proximity, unwanted communications, and or threats sufficient to cause fear in a reasonale person Hate Crime- involve convenient, vulnerable targets who are incapable of fighting back Workplace Violence- consists of acts such as overt violence causing physical harm, nonfatal assaults with or without weapons and lethal violence Shield Laws-protect women from being questioned about sexual history unless it directly bears on case Enterprise Crimes- ongoing illegal activities by an individual or group of individuals involved in commerce that either violate the laws regulating legitimatize business or whose acknowledged purpose is profit through illegitimate commercial enterprise White Collar Crime-a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation". Insider Trading-the illegal practice of trading on the stock exchange to one's own advantage through having access to confidential information. Ponzi Schemes-a form of fraud in which belief in the success of a nonexistent enterprise is fostered by the payment of quick returns to the first investors from money invested by later investors. Influence Peddling-the use of position or political influence on someone's behalf in exchange for money or favors. Green Crimes-Green criminology is a branch of criminology that involves the study of harms and crimes against the environment broadly conceived, including the study of environmental law and policy, the study of corporate crimes against the environment, and environmental justice from a criminological perspective. Organized Crime- any group having some manner of formalized structure and whose objective to gain money through illegal activities Extra Credit Difference between Occasional and Professional Thieves Role of the Fence Petty versus Grand Larceny-the first involves small amounts of money or property and is punished as a misdemeanor, grand involves merchandise of greator value and is a felony Reasons to Commit Arson Definition of Fraud Embezzlement Burglary


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