Exceptional Child Exam 1 Study Guide
Exceptional Child Exam 1 Study Guide EX 390
Popular in Psychology and Education of the Exceptional Child
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by knaas94 on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EX 390 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Dr. Melissa A. Graham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Psychology and Education of the Exceptional Child in Psychlogy at Southeast Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
Chapter 1 1. Special Education: specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability 2. Related Services: transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as may be required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education 3. Supplementary Aids and Services: aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other educationrelated settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children 4. Brown v. Board of Education: separate cannot be equal 5. Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: education didn’t only mean traditional academic instruction and children with intellectual disabilities could benefit from education tailored to their needs. Also could not be denied access to public schools. 6. Mills v. Board of Education: specific procedures had to be followed to determine whether a student should receive special services and to resolve disagreements between parents and school personnel 7. Diana v. State Board of Education of California: ordered to test Spanishspeaking students in their native language 8. Larry P. v. Riles: schools had to ensure that tests administered to students didn’t discriminate based on race 9. Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965: provided funding to states to assist them in creating and improving programs and services for special ed students 10. Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1974: increased federal special ed funding and charged states with the task of creating full educational opportunities for students with disabilities 11. Education of the Handicapped Act of 1975: funded efforts to find children with disabilities who weren’t in school 12. IDEA: 1990, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 13. Zero Reject: entitles all students with disabilities to a public education regardless of the nature or severity of their disabilities 14. Child Find System: set of procedures for alerting the public that services are available for students with disabilities and for distributing print and electronic materials, conducting screening, and completing other activities to ensure that students are identified 15. Free Appropriate Public Education: parents and family members can’t be asked to pay for special ed services 16. Least Restrictive Environment: students must be educated in the setting most like that of typical peers in which they can succeed when provided with the needed supports and services 17. Universal Design for Learning: teachers should design instruction from the beginning to meet a wide range of learner diversity rather than try to retrofit after they have already created their lessons 18. Differentiated Instruction: changes can be made in many different aspects of the teaching/learning process to enable diverse learning needs to be met 19. Collaboration: the way in which professionals interact with each other and with parents or family members as they work together to educate students with disabilities Chapter 2 1. Individualized Education Program: captures all the decisions made throughout the special education assessment, eligibility, and instructional planning procedures 2. Dispute Resolution: meeting held within 15 days of the notice of complaint having been received by the district, and must be attended by individuals who understand the situation, including district rep with decision making authority, to try and resolve issues without further steps 3. Mediation: impartial professional meets with each party to try to find a way for the dispute to be resolved 4. Due Process Hearing: parents make formal complaint against the district, and an impartial hearing officer is appointed by a state special ed official, officer makes decision that can be appealed by either party Chapter 3 1. Culture: a complex system of underlying beliefs, attitudes, and actions that shapes the thoughts and behaviors of a group of people, distinguishing them from other groups 2. Values: cultural elements held in great esteem or considered to be important by a society 3. Dominant Culture: culture of those in power 4. Macroculture: tends to unify the diverse members of a society and define them to others 5. Microculture: groups that have distinguishing characteristics with respect to culture, such as language or dialect, values, behaviors, and worldviews 6. Knowledge Construction Process: the way in which a particular framework is used to develop, approve, and disseminate new information 7. Field Independent: characterized by the inclination to be analytical in processing information 8. Field Sensitive: those that reflect a holistic approach to processing information 9. Cultural Dissonance: significant discrepancy between two or more cultural frames of reference 10. Communalism: the valuing of the group over the individual 11. SelfFulfilling Prophecy: the idea that students will do or become what is expected of them 12. Systemic Bias: favoritism toward a particular group that occurs at multiple levels within a society or institution, making such favoritism an implicit part of it 13. Multicultural Education: an approach to education that includes perspectives from and content about diverse groups, embraces diverse cognitive styles, and promotes equity in a diverse society 14. English Language Learners: students whose first language is something other than English 15. Bilingual Education: uses the student’s dominant language along with English for instructional purposes 16. English as a Second Language: professionals teach English directly to individuals who speak another language but do not use the native language to teach the curriculum 17. Sheltered English: teachers might use concrete objects and gestures to help convey meaning Chapter 4 1. Interaction Process: a set of steps that are followed using effective communication in order to accomplish the mutual goal of collaboration 2. Interpersonal Problem Solving: professionals meet as a group to systematically identify and resolve student, service delivery, or other professional problems 3. CoTeaching: service delivery model in which two educators, one typically a general ed teacher and one a special ed teacher or other specialist, combine their expertise to jointly teach a heterogeneous group of students 4. One Teach, One Observe: one educator manages the instruction of the entire group of students while the other gathers data on one student, a small group of students, or even the entire class 5. Parallel Teaching: two professionals split a group of students in half and simultaneously provide the same instruction 6. Station Teaching: teachers divide instruction into two, three, or even more nonsequential components and each is addressed in a separate area of the room. Each student participates in each station 7. Alternative Teaching: pulling a small group of students to the side of the room for instruction 8. Teaming: fluidly sharing the instructional responsibilities of the entire student group 9. One Teach, One Assist: one teacher manages the instruction of the entire group while the other circulates through the classroom, providing assistance 10. Consultation: a voluntary process in which one professional assists another to address a problem concerning a third party
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