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IUF1000 Midterm Study Guide Part 1

by: Krinza Notetaker

IUF1000 Midterm Study Guide Part 1 IUF1000

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These notes cover weeks 1-3 for the midterm!
What Is The Good Life
Dr. Sarah Bushey
Study Guide
goodlife, iuf1000, bushey, midterm, UF
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Krinza Notetaker on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to IUF1000 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Sarah Bushey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Midterm Review Part 1 Week 1 Important Terms, Concepts and Themes: David Wallace: This is Water What is “The really important kind of freedom?” • 1. Freedom to decide what has meaning and what does not • 2. The really important kind of freedom is disguised as the freedom to make conscious decisions about one's way of thinking, and the ability to think outside of your "default setting" or the established way you revert to thinking subconsciously, and this often effects how you react in everyday situations of tension or boredom. If you can change the way you think overall, then it can lead to a better life Capital-T Truth • "you get to decide what has meaning" • The Capital-T truth is emphasizes the importance of attitude. It reminds us that it isn’t very easy to always be open minded and positive about everything but we have the choice of being those things. Victoria Pagan (The Onion Video) Role of the poet 1. Poets are able to produce communication amongst others because they communicate ideas and feelings that are difficult to swallow at times. By reading poetry and discussing it, you are not only forced to think introspectively, but also outside of yourself on a deeper level. It is the conversations with others about unclear messages that open you to new views of concepts or things. For poems that are more straight forward, they can allow you to see a situation or find a solution to a problem in a way that you could have never thought of on your own. Lyric 1. Greek Poem recited while playing a lyre 2. A way of expressing that is always contradictory 3. You can take a image and view it from all angles you’ll know what it is but you won’t be able to define it. EX. you know an onion will make  you cry when you see it Chiasmus 1.The reversing of the structure of two parallel clauses to show and inverted parallelism. 2. Is derived from the greek word that means to cross, and the cross also induces a concentric circle kind of form. 3. The use of this device in the poem not only induces the inverted parallelism of the chiasmus, but also shows the concentric circle pattern, which is similar to that of an onion, which brings back to the point of the poet that the form is important in the meaning of the poem overall, of the idea of human nature and interaction. Neologisms 1. Made up words 2. These made up words can be used to make a point or give a name to something made up. 3. In the poem, The Onion, there are words made up by the author (onionhood, onionist, onionesque, onionymous, and onionoid). The poet exploits the suffixes to make the onion an abstract noun, an agent noun, and adjectives. These made up words are used describe the onion. Parachesis 1. Parachesis is the repetition of the same sound of close words. 2.Parachesis usually it involves using the same consonants or assonance. 3. By using this device the poet is able to push language intro creating a image in our minds. Using words in close proximity allows us to remember them and that in turn can force a better picture of the onion. Victoria Pagán, Parthenogenesis (video) Parthenogenesis (the meaning of the word, origins, and title of the poem) 1. Means rebirth from one being. 2.From the Greek word "parthenos" which means virgin (related to Athena) and "genesis" which means birth. The word parthenogenesis seems to mean asexual. 3. We are all part of a genus with only small differences to separate us. Our individualism comes from this parthenogenesis, the fact we evolve from ourselves, and yet we are still part of a larger society. The poem, then, gives the framework for understanding the edginess between the public and private spheres and where we fit. Pablo Neruda 1. Pablo Neruda is just the chosen pen name of Ricardo Reyes. He chose his name after Czech poet Jan Neruda. 2. Pablo won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971 and lived abroad for many years 3. Pablo Neruda was chosen for this week's reading because he was a surrealist poet. The words he chose for his poems were meant to be thought provoking, not only for the active mind but for the unconscious mind. “poetic persona” 1. Mask of a poet 2. Allows Neruda to write private to public Week 2 From Kupperman, Six Myths About the Good Life: Pleasure vs. happiness 1. Kupperman considers pleasure to be more of a short term representation of positive regard. 2. Alternatively, happiness is regarded as a more global concept that can span a period of an individual's life beneath all things which is occurring on the surface. 3. While pleasure and happiness are often thought to be fairly similar, Kupperman stresses a different relationship between the two, that they are more cohesive than anything. Pleasure lies in a realm more shallow than happiness and is often a temporary state in response to particular events whereas happiness is a deeper concept than is capable of existing as a more perpetual state of being. Hedonic treadmill 1.Compares the human pursuit of pleasure to a hamster running on a wheel, an effort yielding minimal value 2. Overtime we need more and more stimulus to be able to feel the same pressure. 3. While it is easy to assume that putting in a lot of effort is the best way to achieve satisfaction, Kupperman says that any pleasure achieved is often short lived and not as fulfilling as anticipated. After repeat attempts to achieve this pleasure, a new sense of normalcy is established which eventually renders the repeated activity/action unfulfilling. Herodotus, The History: Solon Croesus Tellus Cloebis Biton Cyrus Week 3 Important Terms, Concepts and Themes: National Geographic: Inside Mecca (video): The Hajj 1. annual pilgrimage to mecca 2. Mandatory religious duty for all Muslims 3. You get a sense of happiness and satisfaction knowing that you completed a religious milestone Kabaa 1. In the center of Mecca 2. Muslims circle the Kaaba and pray 3. Most sacred site in Islam Ihram 1. Sacred state a Muslim must enter before a pilgrimage 2. Involves performing the cleansing rituals and wearing a prescribed attire 3. By wearing this common clothing, everyone is reminded that they are all equal in the eyes of God, which gives peace to the less fortunate and humbles the wealthy, allowing all to focus on the true purpose of the journey and their relationship with God. Henry David Thoreau, Walden (text and video) and David Hackett’s lecture (video) Living deliberately 1.Living life to the fullest by studying what it means to be alive 2.The idea of living deliberately is the idea of a good life. It is a recurring theme in many things including Siddhartha’s story, his version of living deliberately is finding and attaining enlightenment. Thoreau’s deliberate living was living simplistically and with only the essentials. Transcendentalist 1. A person who comes out of the Transcendentalist movement, and is a firm believer that a person should be in touch with nature and should be adaptable to the different scenarios it presents. 2. A Transcendentalist is usually open to new suggestions, and is more optimistic because of this touch with nature. 3. If a person can adopt this transcendentalist perspective, one can experience a better life through this touch with nature, not be burdened by our tools, and can operate on a higher life plane, because of this opening of the mind. Wounded imagination 1.Wounded imagination implies that an individual, in the face of a life changing event, is unable to reevaluate the path that they're on in order to compensate. 2.One whose imagination is wounded feels a sense of despair, likened to the sensation that their life is over. The individual is unable to image their life on an alternate route. 3. Thoreau suggests that the imagination is more readily wounded than the heart, for it is more sensitive. A wounded imagination sees narrowly and absolutely, as it locks the individual into a cycle of thinking that prohibits advancement. A wounded imagination makes it impossible to cope with life's susceptibility to change. “Men have become tools of their tools…” 1.We have succumbed to the power of technology. We are unable to exist day to day without the aid of computers, phones, the internet, etc. 2. Technology has become our crutch, and we are totally dependent. We are at the mercy of the technology we've created, and it facilitates our actions. 3.The phrase "Men have become tools of their tools..." can be applied to ourselves. Our cellphones and other similar technology and tools stop up us from living in the moment. We become fixated on what we are seeing on our devices rather than what is happening around us.


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