Study Guide for CLASSICS 102 at UMass(2)
Study Guide for CLASSICS 102 at UMass(2)
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at University of Massachusetts taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Classics 102 Roman Civilization Spring 2009 Guide 07 terms concepts people etc you have encountered in readings and lectures Pompeii Bay of Naples Mt Vesuvius Herculaneum neighboring town also destroyed eruption of Vesuvius 79 AD under emperor Titus death of Pliny the elder Pliny the younger s description of the eruption a Plinian eruption like a spreading umbrella pine plaster cast method of revealing the dead Domestic architecture at Pompeii domus layout of a typical Roman house atrium impuvium compuvium peristyle tabinum lararium tricinium insua apartment building villa Villa of the Mysteries how architecture of a suburban villa differed from a townhouse Villa of the Papyri Library of the villa of the Papyri possibility of oneday reading the carbonized scrolls More on declamation Seneca the Elder controversia suasoria sententia divisio color topos commonplace style and subject matter of typical declamations criticisms of educational value of declamation political relevance of some declamations under the empire The Five Good Emperors E Gibbon time between Domitian and Commodus was the quotmost happy and prosperousquot period in history Nerva M Cocceius Nerva 9698 senate39s role in the assassination of Domitian and their appointment of one of their own Nerva as emperor period viewed especially favorably by ancient writers in part because of the contrast with terrible situation under Domitian Nerva as antiDomitian oath never to execute a senator and his suspension of maiestas laws adoption of Trajan as successor no civil war when Nerva died Trajan M Ulpius Traianus 98117 Trajan39s background military man first nonItalian emperor son of colonists in Spain building program in Rome markets column forum addition of territory to empire breaking with precedent of Augustus conquest of Dacia military campaignvictory honored by Trajan39s column empire extended to its largest territorial extent quotmore fortunate than Augustus even better than Trajanquot felicior Augusto meior Traiano Hadrian P Aelius Hadrianus 117138 Hadrian39s intellectual and artistic interests Hadrian s relationships with the Greek world travels appreciation for international character of empire Hadrian39s wall empire on a defensive posture Jewish revolt Simon Bar Kochba Antinous Architecture Hadrian s Villa Pantheon Hadrian s role in Athens Antoninus Pius 13861 Lucius Verus 1618 Marcus Aurelius 16180 Marcus stoic philosophy Meditations military crisis in the East and especially in Germany Column compare Trajan39s Column Commodus 18092 Marcus Aurelius39 naturalborn son End of period of quot5 good emperorsquot Marcus not able to choose his own successor period of civil war following murder of Commodus emergence of a new dynasty founded by Septimius Severus beginning of the quotcrisis of the third centuryquot Barbarians from Greek quotbarbarosquot someone who does not speak Greek barbarians as the opposite of GrecoRoman civilization Augustus39 attempt to create a Roman frontier at the river Elbe German defeat of Roman army in the Teutoburg Forest AD 9 Arminius aka Hermann Roman pullback to Rhine and Danube rivers Roman interactions with barbarians along the frontier military threat from barbarians in the third century Goths Roman fascination with barbarians barbarians in art mixed attitude of Romans towards barbarians nobility and freedom of barbarians as represented in Tacitus39 Germana Germans as models of old Roman virtues in their quotnaturalquot state liberty lack of corruption heroic code morality Germany s devotion to freedom makes them Rome s greatest enemy
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