Study Guide for GERMAN 270 at UMass(2)
Study Guide for GERMAN 270 at UMass(2)
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Hans Christian Andersen general biographical information Zipes article class articles on autobiographical elements in Little Sea Maid centurycountry values 1 805 1875 Denmark early l9Lh century Denmark 7 tiny country feudal structure Aristocrats led society then adopted bourgeois values King Fredric 1v 43911 Denmark after 1840 s 7 assemblies representing interests of industry wealthy commerce bourgeois agriculture farmers peasants HCA autobio The Fairy tale of my life 7 born in Odense father and mother poor 7 faced poverty and hardship Went to Copenhagen to be opera singer 7 discovered by king Fredric who sent him to boarding school and university HCA Adopted by Collins family High society manners refinement protestant ethic Belief in natural nobility valued intelligence diligence responsibility HCA has moral obligation to help less fortunate 7 wrote tales Tales intended for children with appeal to adults Explicit dyadic purpose how to behave in society and to teach normative Values obedience emulation of the upper middle class be humble humility moderation faith in god loyalty to Denmark nationalism In uenced by German romanticism like Grimms The Little Sea Maid elements of the story moral of the story Grandmother would tell them about men and ships On 15Lh year can rise out of sea Saw the prince Asked the bad sea witch to let her go to land She did but lost voice 7 gets tongue cut out 7 has terrible pain with each step she takes Serves the prince who doesn t appreciate her Prince marries someone else Mermaid becomes sea foam bc she didn t stab prince with knife but is allowed to spend next 300 years in clouds doing good deeds and can then become a mermaid again MORALS mermaid suffers greatly to move up in the world other tales by HCA published 18351875 9 of them Princess and the Pea Little Sea Maid Steadfast tin Soldier Red shoes Ugly duckling Emperor s new clothes Little match girl Nightingale Shadow 9 often one character faced a test in order to become part of higher society Disney s Little Mermaid how it differs from Andersen s tale no pain involved with Ursula s deal ex Doesn t get tongue cut out doesn t hurt to walk marries prince Eric in the end Ashman amp Menken s role Ursula patterned after drag queen Divine cross dressed and performed her gender Hidden sexual aspects of LM 9 phallus in the palace 7 priest has erection Aimed at adolescents who outgrew Disney 7 watch to see if its true Ariel new kind of Disney princess 7 dresses moves more provocatively than previous heroines also nudity themes it stresses marriage how it fits intobreaks with the pattern of Disney s other classic fairy tales Breaks because Ursula does not fit the pattern of a Disney villain does teach lessons of access mobility voice not thin wears provocative clothing Fits in live happily ever after 9 marries prince Includes well known Disney songs gender issues related to the LM Ursula modeled after drag queen Gender is performance Sells interpretation of LM Fairy tales ascent to real world Real vs imaginary land vs sea Ariel only wants the prince Narrow range for options in woman s life Sebastian has facial features of black person de Beaumont s original storv Beautv amp the Beast whenwhere was it written 18Lh Century France what tradition of fairy tales I basic details merchant with siX children youngest is beauty 2 sisters are envious and mean to beauty 7 get punished in the end Beauty spends her time reading books Didn t want to get married 7 stayed with father father went out to look for vessel 7 sisters asked him for things beauty asked for nothing except rose its rare Father got lost and wandered to beast s house Warmed himself by replace 7 found empty chamber and slept 7 ate chocolate amp gathered roses on way out and beast appears Beast will only let him go if a daughter came in return Brought home chest of gold for children but only told beauty about it beauty went back with beast the sisters didn t care when beauty left brothers were concerned for her beauty dreamed that women told her good actions will not go unrewarded in lib 7 beauty requested to see father in looking glass 7 tells beast hes ugly on outside 7 good natured inside beast asked her every night to marry him 7 she refused beast told beauty he could go home for a week amp come back 7 woke up and maid found trunk of dresses 7 sisters envious of her beauty beauty decides to marry beast went back found beast starving himself he then turned into handsome prince because she loved him back got married sisters turned into statues characterization of B amp B beauty adapts to hard work humble industrious good minded patient only concern is her fathers health beast polite respectful not threatening Disney s Beaugg amp Beast 1991 changes to original Couldn t figure out a way to make beauty s imprisonment in the castle interesting Ashman and merken produced new version 7 introduced objects as characters w personality Shifted the viewpoint Beauty s story become Beast s story More dramatic scenarios 7 heroine goes to castle and fights for fathers release Added Gaston 7 male rivalry Added rage and bad behavior of Beast Falling rose petals is added suspense Took out sisters brothers magic good fairy belles respect for beast and his gentleness Changed what belle likes to read romances fathers occupation and personality crazy inventor motivation of characters type of treatment belle received how that changes meaning of story Domestic violence 7 would Walt approve changes in beast s personality Shoves people around raging anger yells at everyone reward for good behavior is keeping Belle imprisoned in castle issues of gender relevant to B amp B Jeffords MMM clip Disney made the story about the Beast the man Belle is the teacher beast is powerless Shows that men need to be helped along to reveal their true selves Disney s Cinderella 1950 o Cinderella is solution to unfavorable audience of 1940 s movies 0 Rotoscoping lmed in live action then animated o personality is large factor cind remembered bc of overall story and sympathetic characters not the faults compared to Perrault s and the Grimm s versions Perrault Cinderbreech 7 not love at first sight Little emphasis on housework and chores more emphasis on transformation and ball Other sisters got fancy clothes and teased cind about going to the ball Godmoth asked her if she wanted to go to ball saw her crying Godmother turned pump into the carriage etc so she could go to the ball Danced with prince he gave her oranges and lemons 7 she gave to siss Dropped slipper on second night He came around to find who s slipper it was She tried it on and it fit like waX and took out the other one She forgave the two sisters for their bad treatment She got married and let sisters live in palace and married them to lords Grimm s Cinderella Aschenputtel More focus on mother s death be good and pious Mother dies and she visits grave Took twig that father gave her and grew a tree near grave sisters got jewels Step mom said she could go to festival is she could pick lentils out of ash in two hours Birds helped her do it Then step mom said had to do it in an hour Birds helped and did it but still said no Tree sprinkled her w gold and silver 7 she was beautiful Danced with prince all night Prince sets up trap on stairs to follow her home 7 gets her shoe Ran away and lost pure gold shoe 7 prince would only marry girl whose shoe it was Came to nd the owner of shoe Sisters cut off toes and heels to make it t Birds have to tell prince he has wrong girl Fits Cinderella bird landed on shoulder Birds pecked her sister s eyes out 7 punished w blindness what is different about this lm in terms of Disney s usual changes to European originals Perrault s version is the one seen in the US today Stepmom is not overtly evil gt more sadistic cruel malicious Father dies in Disney s version Animals in subplot were added for comical relief and suspense Songs and music added Simpli cation of plot from 3 times to 1 time going to ball Addition of king and grand duke no queen Evil stepmom follows pattern of Disney villain No punishment of stepmom stepsisters no violence bodily injury Rodgers amp Hammerstein s Cinderella Brandy amp Whitney Houston Racial version RASHIN COATIE 7 Scottish version of Cinderella FINETTA 7 the cinder girl 7 French version LA GATTA CENERENTOLA 7 Italian version Sexton s poem version Grimms Iron Hans original story king with forest no huntsmen were coming out alive one went in and drained pool found rusty man king caged him boys ball went in unlocked cage and went with man guarded spring for man disobeyed him hair turned gold had to leave him but iron Hans would help if ever needed boy stayed at a palace needed iron Han s help for war Boy marries daughter and spell is released from iron Hans context of the Grimms way of developing path of male initiation 7 8 stages new age healing process Robert Bly s Iron John Bly s introduction his version of the tale says there is a wild man in each of us changesmeaning adds wounds changes details assumes Grimms did not change older tales but they did context ofthe 1990s Zipes on Bly s Iron John the Men s Movement ofthe 1990s 50s male cold war man hard worker responsible bread winner disciplined strong facade no feelings aggressive doesn t cry boyish optimism Soft male in touch with feminine side thoughtful sensitive gentle nice boy who tries to please women lack of energy vitality The Disney Corporation 0 concrete ideas about how to import specific moral values predicated on American dream 0 conscious of morals 7 says what he wants 7 conveyed in his movies romantic fashion comprehensible to children 0 moving pics more potent than books 0 values nostalgic view of American Main Street USA Mickgg Mouse Monogollg on line courses germ270materialsf11ms section on gender Mulan 7 asian village portrayed as women should respect men 7 get married to have place in society section on race tarzan 7 no blacks oliver 7 chiwawa displayed as Mexican bad 7 cant have poodle Lion king 7 hyenas talk in black dialect Lady and tramp 7 Siamese cats have asian features 7 talk and Chinese eyes Aladdin 7 Arab merchants are unfriendly and merciless discriminated against Choose racist lyrics 7 barbaric chopping off your hands Peter pan 7 live in teepees Sing and dance like afam but don t understand what it means 7 making fun of the Indians Pocahontas 7 about natam being killed 7 not whats shown in Disney films 7 no real romance bw poc and jsmith in real life Jungle book 7 orangutans want to be human section on Disney Corporation princess and the frog 7 black girl is heroine 7 maid in a hotel but changed her image and name and made her coloring lighter and made her princess instead of maid 7 interracial couple 7 prince is white Essays by Sells 7 where do mermaids stand Compares Ariel and features of LM to real world Women s representation and stereotyping Women s ascent to the real world is compared to women s access to the white male system land vs sea idea represents the culture and myth people who lived on land first class citizens sea inhabitants 3rd class 9 Hierarchy of people Part of your world 7 Ariel wants to be up there voice and legs transformation Disney says women are only complete through marriage Ariel feels no pain transforming 7 HCA feels knives stabbing her 9discomfort of passing into society Ursula s character teaches access mobility voice 7 rare for villain to teach lessons Gender is performance 7 performs woman through drag show Jeffords 7 curse of masculinity Happiness of society depends on conditions of men quality of everyone s lives depends on white men Characteristics of men heroism individualism and bodily integrity Nobody can be freed until men are released from curse of living under burden of traditional masculinities Victimization of the beast and stereotyped image of male beauty 7 Gaston external version of the prince s aws Differences bw old and new beauampbeas Dis 7 prince has to learn to love someone old 7 prince has to live as beast until someone loves him past his ugliness Dis 7 beauampbeast are prisoners of castle old 7 beast has powers and gives beauty trunk with gifts GirouX 7 KidsCulture Disney Utopia Disney is a monopoly and they see kids as a social investment Disney has 2 sides innocence and family fun harsh realities of coming of age Disney has specific ideologies that consumers need to adjust to 7 evil empire 7 form monopolies that wipe out competition shape direction of kids culture Turning America to a theme park Main St and Enchanted Tiki Room 7 first glace at technology Presidents Hall displays American values Rowe 7 feminism Female subordination looks desirable Heroine virtues passivity dependence self sacrifice 9 culture that depends upon women s domesticity and motherhood roles Women should aspire to marriage according to ft Challenge romantic ft w liberation and suffrage movements Romance relying on external agents for rescue Obstacles conquered when progressing from childhood 9 maturity Stepmom and bad fairy are obstacles to womanhood 7 sti e desire for men marriage and maturity eX SW and Cind Zipes 7 HCA and the Discourse 0f the Dominated HCA history family life Cartwright amp Goldfarb 7 Disney in LatinAm South of the Border saludos amigos tres caballeros Health cartoons 7 attempts to control and regulate bodies and lives of LA Obsession with threat of contamination Saw cultural expression through gov venues and Hollywood productions Communication media played crucial role Moving pictures foster understanding Animation directed to audiences of children Disney escaped US labor laws by touring LA Miller amp Rode the Disney you see Revolves around cultural teachings of Walt Movies have prejudice eX gone with the wind AfAms happy to be working on a plantation EX Jungle Book 7 Mowglis journey back to man village 7 encounter species who are distinct Racial stereotype 7 Baloo king Louie 7 ape who wants to be human I wanna be like you gender stereotypes 7 accent people w power panther who educates Mowgli vultures are jungle outcasts 7 lower class British accents Jungle book models diversity growth under parental gures Disney wanted to reach speci c audience 7 not kids Most important lessons are learned through song Bare Necessities and Zip a Dee doodah Disney movies prepare kids to be schooled 7 whatever dangers are encountered a grown up voice provides commentary on opposite lifestyles The Sguirrel book by John Baudrillard cultural critic The American squirrel tells us that America is kind to animals and the rest of the world Latte attacked it Bambi Meets Godzilla clip by Mary Newland On last day of class Godzilla steps on Bambi
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