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Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide

by: Melodi Harfouche

Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide ANTH 120 001

Marketplace > anthropology, evolution, sphr > ANTH 120 001 > Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide
Melodi Harfouche


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About this Document

This study guide covers what's going to be on the next exam for Prehistoric Archaeology. Be sure to also know the textbook material.
Prehistoric Archaeology
Kandace Renee Hollenbach (P)
Study Guide
Prehistoric Archaeology, Archaeology, exam, help, Study Guide, study
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Melodi Harfouche on Monday February 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 120 001 at a university taught by Kandace Renee Hollenbach (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views.

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Date Created: 02/08/16
Prehistoric Archaeology EXAM 1 Study Guide Key Terms:   Anthropology   Archaeology  Culture  Biocultural approach   Ethnocentrism  Artifact  Ecofact  Feature  Site  Matrix  Provenience  Association  Context  Ancestral traits  Derived traits  Movius line What are the main tenants of:   Catastrophism   Principle of superposition  Principle of uniformitarianism  Stratigraphy  Natural selection  Unilinear cultural evolution  Multilinear cultural evolution  Ethnoarchaeology  Experimental archaeology  Multiregional model of H. sapiens and spread through world vs.   Out of Africa model of H. sapiens evolution and spread through world Other Key Questions to know:   What are the four main components of culture?  What are the mechanisms for transmission and transformation of culture?  What are the goals of archaeological research?   How is a site formed through behavioral processes and transformational processes?   What are the biases introduced by each?  What are the physical and behavioral traits shared by primates?  What are the physical and behavior traits that differentiate non­human primates from  humans?  What are the problems with using modern human foragers and non­human primates as  analogs?  Things to Know about Hominids:   Know the order of appearance  Know the key nicknames of some:  o Lucy, Taung Child, and Turkana Boy  Which traits appear first? With which genera? o Ex. Bipedalism, different toolkits (Mousterian, Olduwan, Acheulian, etc.),  controlled use of fire, skilled hunting, capability for speech, burials, art, etc. Direct Evidence for Past Hominid Physical Traits and Behaviors   Bioarchaeological   Archaeological (material culture – artifacts, ecofacts, features)  Environmental data   Analogies Be able to give examples of behaviors for which we have no direct evidence  Know these arguments:   Man the hunter  Lovejoy’s model   Model for division of labor   Grand mothering hypothesis   Meat’s patriarchy


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