Lab Exam 1 Study Guide
Lab Exam 1 Study Guide Biol- n 261 Anatomy Lab
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Biol- n 261 Anatomy Lab
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Biol- n 261 Anatomy Lab
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This 62 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca Hall on Monday February 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biol- n 261 Anatomy Lab at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis taught by Dr. Yard in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 362 views. For similar materials see Anatomy Lab in Biology at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Lab Exam Study Guide 1. a. Golgi apparatus b. Nucleolus c. Adipose d. RER 1. a. Overall function is to produce sex cells , purpose of producing offspring , the female reproductive system supports embryonic development b. Nucleolus c. Mitochondria d. Ribosomes 2. a. regulates daily (circadian rhythms) b. mitochondrion c. bone marrow d. Cytoplasm 3. a. regulates daily (circadian rhythms) b. adipose connective tissue c. the study of body structures that cannot be viewed without magnification (includes cytology the study of cells) and (histology the study of tissues) d. the study of internal body structures by using noninvasive imaging techniques, such as Xray imaging and ultrasound 4. a. Hearing b. portion of secreting cells c. adipose tissue and skeletal muscles d. inbetween loose and dense connective tissue 5. a. adipose tissue b. Cephalon c. helper protein d. kidney pyramid 6. a. hand b. areolar connective tissue c. thumb d. pseudo. ciliated. colum. epithi 7. a. hypodermis adipose tissue b. gastrointestinal tract c. cartilage tissue 8. a. Cytoskeleton b. Cilia c. Ribosomes d. ciliated epithelium 10. a. elastin protein b. pseudostratified ciliated epithelium tissue c. neural tissue 11. a. fusion of vesicles containing fluids and or solids with the plasmalemma b. controls the circadian rhythm c. the thin membrane that lines the chest walls of the serous membrane d. compact bone 12. a. sebaceous glands b. dense irregular connective tissue c. elastin protein d. superior orbital fissure 13. a. stratum corneum b. Irritability c. dense regular connective tissue 14. a. elastic cartilage b. SNS c. hyaline cartilage 15. a. pseudostratified ciliated epithelium b. liver portal triad c. apocrine sweat gland d. hormones 16. a. hyaline cartilage b. forearm c. spinal cord and brain d. keratinized stratified squamous 17. a. hyaline cartilage b. response by effector c. intracellular structures preform specific functions d. specialized membranes that provide protection, physical stability, and shock absorption 18. a. parotid gland b. hearing c. area of head d. hyaline cartilage 19. a. diffusion secretion of cells b. keratinized stratified squamous c. epithelium 20. a. cuboidal epithelium b. sebum c. keratin 21. a. pseudostratified ciliated epithelium b. lower back c. tongue movement 22. a. process food and absorb minerals b. cristae c. simple columnar d. spinous foreman 23. a. helper protein b. dense regular c. dense irregular d. simple columnar ciliated epithelium 24. a. simple columnar b. mucus c. keratinized 25. a. simple columnar epithelium b. cerebral cortex c. serous mucous mixed d. ears tip of nose 26. a. simple coulnar b. simple cuboidal epithilum c. responsible for the transfer and processing of information in the nervous system d. the study of shapes and markings on the body surface 27. a. simple cuboidal epithelium b. knee c. hormones d. inbetween loose and dense connective tissue 28. a. the study of internal body structures by using noninvasive imaging techniques, such as Xray imaging and ultrasound b. Kidneys , ureters , the urinary bladder , and the urethra functions to eliminate excess water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes from the body c. simple squamous epithelium 29. a. simple squamous b. cytoskeleton centric less cilia flagella ribosomes c. anterior nuclear group d. function: special sensory (vision) passes through: optic canal of sphenoid 30. a. glands that secrete hormone regulate processes b. ears tip of nose c. mitochondria 31. a. DICT b. RER c. Glomeruli d. bone marrow 32. a. chromatin b. upper arm c. kneecap d. plays a role in the subconscious processing of visual information: time 33. a. hair b. on opposite sides (the right arm and left leg are ___) c. buttock region d. epiphyseal plate bone 34. a. prophase b. anaphase c. telophase d. metaphase 35. a. prophase b. metaphase c. anaphase 36. a. Metaphase b. telophase c. Anaphase d. Prophase 37. a. Prophase b. anaphase c. telophase d. metaphase 38. a. sebaceous gland b. loose areolar connective tissue c. Away from the body surface , more internal d. protein synthesis 39. a. simple columnar epithelial b. glands that secrete hormone regulate processes c. Below , toward the tail end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body 40. a. the actual salty smelly sweat b. ground bone c. Substances can enter the body, dependent upon catabolic reactions 41. a. the patient is lying down the face up b. ciliated epithelium c. pseudostratified columnar epithelium d. inbetween loose and dense connective tissue 42. a. skeletal muscles, joints, and the skin b. fight against diseases housing white blood cells c. Set of chemical reactions that occur in living organism in order to maintain life Anabolism = refers to the construction of molecules Catabolism = refers to the breakdown of molecules d. Mitosis 43. a. hair follicle b. Heart, blood , vessels , and blood to transport materials c. Glomeruli d. building up molecules 44. a. mammal skin b. contain visceral motor neurons c. upper arm d. hair follicle 45. a. keratinized stratified squamous b. anterior leg (knee to ankle) c. Kidneys , ureters , the urinary bladder , and the urethra functions to eliminate excess water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes from the body d. Tendons 46. a. Skin b. apocrine sweat gland c. kidney proximal tubules d. neck region 47. a. bone marrow b. compact bone c. simple cuboidal d. liver portal triad 48. a. compact bone decalcified b. Structural of changes in cells tissue and organs caused by disease c. watery 'solution' contains enzymes d. hyaline cartilage 49. a. epiphyseal plate bone b. diaphragm c. Satellite Cells 50. a. the thin membrane that adheres to the lungs of the serous membrane b. simple cuboidal c. simple columnar epithelium d. endochondral bone formation 51. a. Loose b. Dense c. pseudostratified ciliated epithelium d. spongey bone 52. a. ethmoid b. endochondral growth plate c. provides protection and support to the body organs; provides skeletal framework for the muscles to attach, hence, causing movement; stores minerals; blood cell formation occurs within bones d. most superior portion of the brain stem 53. a. intervertebral disks b. thigh c. simple columnar epithelial d. cardiac muscle 54. a. right upper quadrant b. building up molecules c. conscious thought processes, intellectual functions d. memory storage and processing e. conscious and subconscious regulation of skeletal muscle contraction f. spinous foreman 55. a. groin b. Ovale foreman c. "a piece" portion of secreting cells 56. a. adipose b. canaliculi 57. a. areolar connective tissue b. lower back c. conscious perception of touch, pressure, vibration, pain, temp., and taste 58. a. on the same side (the right arm and right leg are ____) b. develops after plasmalemma is stimulated to its threshold c. Increase in some quantity over time , often due to an increase in the size and/or number of individual cells d. DICT 59. a. Passage of a substance into or across a blood vessel or membrane. b. DRCT c. elastin protein d. above point of reference 60. a. Cranial Cavity lies within skull encasing the brain Spinal Cavity lies within the vertebral column, enclosing the spinal cord b. loose areolar connective tissue c. pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithi. 61. a. anterior nuclear group b. areolar connective tissue c. glomerulus d. simple cuboidal 62. a. pseudo. ciliated. colum. Epithi b. inbetween loose and dense connective tissue 63. a. excretion b. simple columnar epith. 64. a. simple columnar ciliated b. Similar types of cells, with a common function , combine to form tissue c. similar types of cells, with a common function, combine to form tissues, four primary tissue types comprise all organs of the human body d. liver portal triad 65. a. dense irregular connective tissue b. hyaline cartilage c. simple cuboidal d. endochondral bone formation 66. a. great toe or big toe b. thick skin c. epiphyseal plate of bone 67. a. endochondral growth plate b. spinous foreman c. simple cuboidal epithelium d. kneecap 68. a. epipheseal plate of bone b. a bundle of axons within the CNS that share a common origin, destination, or function c. sebum 69. a. the formation of new organisms b. the patient is lying down the face up c. skeletal muscle d. Closer to or at the body surface 70. a. Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural or nervous b. taste buds c. toward the back d. dense regular connective tissue 71. a. cochlea b. anterior nuclear group c. elastic cartilage 72. a. hyaline cartilage b. cytoplasm c. retina d. the study of anatomy of different types of animals 73. a. coordinates the nervous and endocrine systems b. more than one tissue type (often all four tissues) combine to form organs, extremely complex physiological processes occur at this level c. tongue adipose d. striated muscle 74. a. a central cavity containing a band of organs, which lies between the pleural cavities; contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, and major blood vessels b. cardiac c. knee d. New individual organisms are produced , essential to the continuity of life 75. a. visceral muscle b. endochondral bone formation c. Lungs , maintains the bloods constant supply of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide 76. a. cerebral cortex b. the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life c. the study of internal body structures by using noninvasive imaging techniques, such as Xray imaging and ultrasound 77. a. cerebral Golgi b. Internal body structures by using noninvasive imaging techniques c. matrix d. thigh 78. a. bone blood cartilage b. connective tissue (tendons and ligaments) c. peripheral nerve d. the formation of new organisms e. comprised of the gastrointestinal tract (or alimentary canal) and accessory structures, which together function to process food and absorb nutrients 79. a. dorsal root ganglion b. Control venter , responses to stimuli and coordinates the other organ systems c. Connective tissue 80. a. toward the back b. mutlipolar motor neuron c. visceral muscle d. contain somatic motor nuclei 81. a. a CNS center with discrete anatomical boundaries b. the patient is lying down with the face down c. posterior, calf of leg d. multi polar neuron 82. a. foot b. multi polar neuron spinal cord c. mammal skin d. integration and processing of sensory data; processing and initiation of motor activites 83. a. controls the circadian rhythm b. pseudostratified columnar epith c. On opposite sides d. nodes of Ranier myelin aged nerves teased 84. a. glomeruli b. Atoms combine to form small molecules and larger macromolecules c. thick skin d. skeletal muscles, joints, and the skin 85. a. closer to trunk b. buttock region c. glomerulus 86. a. supporting cells that interact with neurons and regulate the extracellular environment, provide defense against pathogens, and perform repairs within neural tissue b. the study of structural changes in cells tissues, and organs caused by disease c. kidney cortex d. components of the PNS that connect to the brain rather than spinal cord twelve pairs (left and right) each nerve attaches to the brain near the associated sensory or motor nuclei 87. a. neck region b. Removing metabolic waste products and other useless materials c. kidney pyramid d. Vascular 88. a. RER b. lacunae c. the study of anatomy of different types of animals d. kidney cortex pyramid tubules 89. a. inner ear b. secretory and collecting tubules c. Back , behind , anterior/dorsal and posterior/ventral are interchangeable in humans only d. away from trunk 90. a. produce motion and heat b. kidney glomerulus c. kidney cortex pyramid tubules d. adipose 91. a. centers controlling emotions, autonomic functions, and hormone production b. kidney glomerulus c. matrix 92. a. limbs of Henle b. absorption c. the fluid 93. a. the inferior part, which is enclosed by the bony pelvis; contains the urinary bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum b. kidney medulla c. potassium ions sodium ions 94. a. kidney proximal tubules b. elastic cartilage c. breakdown of molecules d. New individual organisms are produced , essential to the continuity of life 95. a. directly effects connections b/w neurons b. menisci intervertebral disks c. Lungs , maintains the bloods constant supply of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide d. liver 96. a. liver hepatic lobule b. collagen protein c. hair follicle d. navel 97. a. centers and tracts that connect the brain with other organs and systems in the body b. neuronal processes that are specialized to respond to specific stimuli in the extracellular environment c. liver portal triad d. Increase in some quantity over time , often due to an increase in the size and/or number of individual cells 98. a. liver vankupffer b. similar types of cells, with a common function, combine to form tissues, four primary tissue types comprise all organs of the human body c. fills the pericardial cavity between the layers of the serous membrane d. relays sensory information to thalamus and to other portions of the brain stem autonomic centers for regulation of visceral function (cardiovascular, respiratory, and digestive system activities) 99. a. stratum corneum b. parotid gland c. hearing d. more than one tissue type (often all four tissues) combine to form organs, extremely complex physiological processes occur at this level 100. a. upper arm b. divided into 6 columns, which contain tracts ascending tracts: relay info from spinal cord to brain descending tracts: relay info from brain to spinal cord c. transitional epithelium d. groin 101. a. Overall function is to produce sex cells , purpose of producing offspring , the female reproductive system supports embryonic development b. urinary bladder relaxed c. hand d. innervation: lateral rectus muscle 102. a. butt b. visceral muscle c. trachea d. Above , toward the head , upper part of a structure or the body 103. a. chest region b. osteon c. Hyaline cartilage Elastic cartilage Fibrocartilages 104. a. Lies vertically and divides the body into an anterior(front) portion and a posterior(back) portion b. simple columnar epith. c. hair shaft d. organic material 105. a. New individual organisms are produced , essential to the continuity of life b. breakdown of molecules c. apocrine sweat glandsimple coulumnar epithelium 106. a. controls autonomic functions sets appetitive drives (thirst, hunger, sex) and behaviors sets emotional states integrates with endocrine system b. Merocrine sweat gland c. the thin membrane that lines the chest walls of the serous membrane d. comprised of the lymphatic vessels, lymphoid organs (lymph nodes, the thymus, and the spleen), lymphocytes, and lymphoid tissue; returns leaked fluid to blood; provides defense against pathogens and disease by housing white blood cells (lymphocytes) that function in immunity 107. a. hypodermis adipose tissue b. Kidneys , ureters , the urinary bladder , and the urethra functions to eliminate excess water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes from the body c. skeletal muscles, joints, and the skin d. maintains bloods constant supply of oxygen removal of carbon dioxide 108. a. organs that work closely together combine to from an organ system, to accomplish a common purpose; there are 11 organ systems of the human body b. an anatomically distinct collection of sensory or motor neurons cell bodies within the PNS c. sebaceous gland d. dense regular e. dense irregular 109. a. New individual organisms are produced , essential to the continuity of life b. stratum corneum c. refers to the breakdown of molecules, via metabolic pathways, into smaller units, consequently releasing energy d. control center for body immediate responses to stimuli and coordinates other organs 110. a. pilorector muscle (arrecter pili ) b. striated muscle c. produce motion and heat d. retina 111. a. exteroceptors Proprioceptors interceptors b. connects the cerebrum to the brain stem both structurally and functionally c. canaliculi d. tough, fibrous outermost layer- lining the skull 112. a. wrist b. lacuna c. arrival of stimulus and activation of receptor 113. a. simple columnar epithelial b. closer to trunk c. lamella d. matrix 114. a. retina b. move fluid c. central canal d. nucleoli 115. a. centers concerned with emotions, appetites (thirst, hunger), and related behaviors b. nucleus c. the bottom of the foot, sole d. SNS: skeletal muscle contractions (voluntary or involuntary) ANS: visceral motor system, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands, and (involuntary) 116. a. farther from or away from the body surface; more internal (the lungs are ___ to the skin) b. forms the cutaneous membrane (epidermis and dermis), the external body covering; provides protection and thermoregulation; synthesizes vitamin D; provides cutaneous reception through sensory receptors; additional accessory structures are hair follicles, nails, sweat (sudoriferous) glands and oil (sebaceous) glands c. nuclear envelope 117. a. lies vertically and divides the body into a right portion and a left portion. if the sagittal plane lies exactly in the midline and the portions are equivalent, it is called a midsagittal plane, or median plane; all other sagittal planes are called parasagittal planes (are offset from the midline and result in unequal portions) b. the bottom of the foot, sole c. SER d. atoms (building blocks of matter) combine to form small molecules (such as water and carbon dioxide) and larger macromolecules (carbs, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid). Chemicals comprise the entire body 118. a. Golgi b. neck region c. integrates and processes information d. made of gonads produce sex sells and hormones producing offspring
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