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Test 1 Study Guide

by: Chelsea Jenkins

Test 1 Study Guide EXS 370

Chelsea Jenkins

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This study guide covers anatomy, range of motion, chapter 1 and chapter 2
Dr. Dodd
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chelsea Jenkins on Monday February 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EXS 370 at Murray State University taught by Dr. Dodd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Kinesiology in Physical Education at Murray State University.

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Date Created: 02/08/16
EXS 370 Kinesiology Exam 1 Study Guide Anatomy 1. Name the 3 fossae of the scapula 2. What are the 2 tubercles called (of the scapula)? 3. Name the 3 parts of the sternum 4. How many true, false and floating ribs are there? a. True_______ b. False_______ c. Floating_____ 5. Which neck of the humerus is a common site for fractures? (Surgical or Anatomical) 6. Name the distal row of carpals, from medial to lateral* 7. Name the proximal row of carpals, from medial to lateral* 1 8. What does ASIS, AIIS, PSIS, PIIS of the Pelvic Girdle stand for? 9. The linea aspera is on the anterior or posterior side of the Femur? 10.What is the largest weight bearing bone in the body? 11.Is the tibia on the medial or lateral aspect of the lower leg? 12.Name the tarsals 13.The pedicle connects what to what? 14.What does the lamina connect? 15.What kind of process does cervical have? 16.How many fused vertebrae are in the Sacrum and Coccyx, respectively? 17.Name the squishy part of the intervertebral disc? 18.What bones are involved in the talocrural joint? 19.What bones are involved in the subtalar joint? 20.How many vertebrae are there? Range of Motion 1. Knee flexion 2. Inversion of the transverse tarsal and subtalar joints 3. Hindjordt-thxthrnal Rotation 4. 2 , 3 ,4 ,5 , MCP joint abduction 5. Plantar Flexion 6. Wrist Abduction 7. Elbow Flexion 8. Glenohumeral joint- Horizontal Abduction, Adduction, Flexion, Internal Rotation, respectively 9. Cervical joint- Lateral Flexion nd rd th th 10.2 ,3 ,4 ,5 distal IP Joint- Flexion Chapter 1 1*A trick to remember them is (proximal row, medial to lateral): She Looks So Pretty, (distal row, medial to lateral) Try To Catch Her.” 1. Define Kinesiology 2. What is structural Kinesiology? 3. How many muscles are in the human body? 4. What is the difference between anatomical and fundamental position? 5. What are reference lines? Name 5 6. What is a plane of motion? 7. Name the 4 “cardinal” planes? 8. What is an axis rotation? What degree relationship does it have to a plane (45 ̊, 90 ̊ or 95 ̊?) 9. What is the axis of rotation for the frontal, sagittal, vertical, and oblique axis, respectfully? 10.How many bones make up the skeletal system? How many in the axial skeleton? How many in the appendicular? 11.Name 3 of the 5 skeletal functions 12.Give an example of each: a. Long b. Short c. Flat d. Irregular e. Sesamoid 13.What is the diaphysis of a long bone? 14.Where is the yellow marrow of a long bone? Where is the red marrow? 15.What do endochondral bones develop from? 16.How does the diameter of a bone increase? What are growth plates called? 17.What do osteoblasts do? What about osteoclasts? 18.What is necessary for continued bone growth? 19.What is Wolff’s Law? 20.What is Davis’s Law? 21.What are the 4 components of bone composition? 22.What type of bone is spongy? 23.Name the 3 structural classifications of joints and give an example for each 24.Name the 3 functional classifications of joints and give an example for each 25.What joints are slightly moveable? 26.What do ligaments provide support against? 27.What is a joint cavity? 28.What is the function of hyaline cartilage? 29.What is the function of synovial fluid? 30.What type of cartilage has a limited blood supply in joints? 31.Give an example of each synovial joint a. Ball and Socket Joint b. Hinge Joint c. Saddle joint d. Pivot Joint e. Gliding Joint f. Condylar Joint 32. What 5 major factors that affect the total stability and mobility of a joint? 33.What relation do stability and mobility of joint have? 34.What is goniometry? 35.What does an inclinometers do? 36.Is everyone’s ROM at a joint the same? 37.What is osteokinematic motion? 38.What are arthrokinematics? 39.What are accessory motions? 40.What happens when accessory motions are prevent from occurring? Chapter 2 1. What are skeletal muscles responsible for? 2. What is an aggregate muscle action? 3. How are muscles named? 4. What 2 components play a role in the muscles ability to exert a force? 5. What is the benefit of having an increased cross sectional area of a muscle fiber? 6. What two groups of fiber arrangements are skeletal muscles grouped in? 7. What is the difference between the 2 different fiber arrangements? 8. Name the shapes of parallel fiber arrangements and pennate fiber arrangements 9. Name and define the 4 muscles tissue properties 10.Define the following: a. Intrinsic b. Extrinsic c. Action d. Innervation e. Amplitude f. Gaster g. Tendon h. Aponeurosis i. Fascia j. Origin (Proximal or distal attachment?) k. Insertion (Proximal or distal attachment?) l. Flexion m. Extension 11.What are muscles contractions used for? 12.Describe an isometric contraction, are they dynamic or static? 13.Describe an isotonic contraction, are they dynamic or static? 14.What are the classifications of isotonic muscle contractions? Describe and give an example for each 15.What are isokinetics? Give an example 16.Describe each role of a muscle: a. Agonist b. Antagonist c. Stabilizers d. Synergist e. Neutralizers f. Force Couple 17.What is a palpation? 18.What does the Central nervous system do? 19. Name the function(s) of the following: a. Cerebral Cortex b. Basal Ganglia c. Cerebellum d. Brain Stem e. Spinal Cord 20.What does the Peripheral nervous system do? 21.What is the difference between afferent and efferent nerves? 22.What is the difference between dermatomes and myotomes? 23.What is a neuron? Describe the parts of a neuron 24.What do the following do: a. Sensory neurons b. Motor neurons c. Interneurons 25.What is proprioception? What role does is play in kinesthesis? 26.What is kinesthesis? 27.What type of reflex do all muscles poses? 28.What do Golgi Tendon Organs do and where are they located? 29.Describe a Neuromuscular Junction 30.What do motor neurons do and what is it comprised of? 31.Describe the “all or none principle” 32.Give examples of factors affecting muscle tension development 33.Describe the process needed for a motor neuron to contract 34.Describe the following types of stimuli: a. Threshold b. Submaximal c. Maximal 35.How are greater contraction forces achieved? 36.Name the sequence of events for a single muscle contraction (Figure 2.15, page 57) 37.What is tetanus? 38.What is the phenomenon called, Treppe? 39.What is the relationship between muscle length and tension? 40.What are the 2 types of tension? Describe them 41.What is the relationship between muscle force and velocity? 42.Describe the stretch-shortening cycle and how does it function? 43.What is reciprocal innervation and reciprocal inhibition? 44.Describe the angle of pull and the three muscular forces involved 45.Define and give an example of the following a. Uniarticular b. Biarticular c. Multiarticular 46.What is a concurrent movement? 47.When is active insufficiency reached? 48.When is passive insufficiency reached?


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