Study Guide for Test on Feb. 12, 2016
Study Guide for Test on Feb. 12, 2016 CLAS 160D2 - 002
Popular in Classical Mythology Lecture
Popular in Classical Mythology
CLAS 160D2 - 002
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Work on Monday February 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CLAS 160D2 - 002 at University of Arizona taught by Michael Teske in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology Lecture in Classical Mythology at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR FRIDAY FEBRUARY 12, 2016 Key: Bold = important and will be on test CAPS= Big Ideas definitely important uncaps = not super important but should still should know I will upload my notes of Marriage and Death ASAP but they will be up before the test! Good luck!!! :) hope this helps! READINGS: ● Morford and Lenardon, Classical Mythology (8th/9th/10th ed.) chps. 14 ● Ovid, Metamorphoses, pp. 2940 (genesis/ages of man/great flood), and 195 198 (baucis and Philemon): text, or on D2L ● Hesiod’s Theogony excerpts (on D2L) ● Vergil, Eclogue 4/ Gilgamesh flood myth (on D2L) ● Typhon passage (see Morford) ● Early Greek history, pp. 23 on handout (on D2L) ● Marriage and Death myths: Morford chp. 16 (ist 34 pages on Orpheus/Eurydice) ● Ovid, Met. pp 9598 (pyramus and Thisbe) ● Euripides’ Alcestis, text, or on D2L ● Lecture Notes ASPECTS OF THE QUASIMYTHICAL SANTA CLAUS: ● Precise iconography (the way he looks) ● his activities/story ● evolution of details ○ including the elimination of his “bad” habits (such as smoking) ○ myths encode society’s values and the addition of Rudolph the rednosed reindeer etc. ● Ways of analyzing the Santa myth from different perspectives ○ religious ○ feminist ○ political ○ see notes ANTHROPOMORPHISM AND XENOPHANES VIEW OF IT WAYS OF INTERPRETING MYTH BE ABLE TO DEFINE THEM AND PROVIDE EXAMPLES ● rational ● allegorical ● psychological ● structural NAMES/DATES OF WRITERS IMPORTANT FOR MYTH ● GREEK ○ HOMER ○ HESIOD ○ EURIPIDES ● ROMAN ○ VERGIL ○ OVID EARLY GREEK HISTORY ● linear B (and its importance) ● Mycenaeans ● Minoans ● Dorians ● Heinrich Schliemann ○ excavations at Troy and Mycenae NAMES OF GREEK GODS AND THEIR ROMAN EQUIVALENTS ● see flash cards EARLY CREATION ● Differing notions of Chaos in Hesiod and Ovid ● Gaia ● Ouranos ● Kronos ● Rhea ● Hieros Gamos ○ a “sacred marriage” between a skygod and an earth fertility goddess ■ such as Zeus and Hera ■ Kronos and Rhea ■ etc ○ significant offspring of: ■ Uranus and Gaia ● 12 Titans ● 3 cyclopes ● 3 Hecatonchires (100 hands and 50 heads) ● Erinyes (Furies) ○ avenging agents for the spilling of family blood ■ how their functions mirrors their origin ● Battle of the Titans ○ who sided with Zeus and who backed Kronos ● Typhoeus (Typhon) and his conflict with Zeus ○ allegorical interpretation ● Otus and Ephialtes as the mischievous giants ● different strategies devised by Ouranos, Kronos, and Zeus to try to prevent their being overthrown ● how Kronos and Zeus are both the youngest and oldest offspring ● “Kingship in Heaven” them ○ the violent displacement of the first 2 skygods and the perpetual rule by the third/Hurrian/Hittite Version and it’s parallel to the Greek one ■ Anu Uranus ■ Kumarbi = Cronos ■ Heshub = Zeus ■ Ullikummi must be defeated by Heshub while Typhon has to be slain by Zeus MYTH OF PROMETHEUS ● Major supposed crimes (5) ● his punishment ● how his punishment fits the crimes ● symbolic associations of fire ○ civilization ○ passion ○ intelligence ● heracles’ role in bringing about Prometheus’ release ● modern prometheus versions ○ Percy Shelley’s Prometheus Unbound ○ Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein MYTH OF PANDORA AETIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE PROMETHEUS AND PANDORA MYTH AGES OF MAN ● Golden ● Silver ● Bronze ● (Heroic) ● Iron ○ how they are described in Hesiod and Ovid ■ Ovid example: during the Golden Age it is a time of continuous sprung and the earth gives forth all its fruits spontaneously, while in the Silver age, there is a change of seasons and man must laboriously till the earth to bring forth crops ● significance of Vergil’s Eclogue 4 ○ the poet predicts the birth of a wonder child who will bring back the Golden Age ■ Vergil as pagan prophet/white magician ■ recasting of his name as Virgil in medieval period based on influence of Latin virga “branch, wand” etc. MAIN FLOOD MYTH ● In Ovid (Deucalion and Pyrrha) and it’s similarities/differences to the flood stories in the Gilgamesh epic and in the Biblical Noah story ○ in Greek version no animals are taken on board the boat ■ since they will be spontaneously generated from the earth with the precise conditions of heat/moisture of the retreating flood waters ○ only the devout couple is on the ark ■ since people will arise from the stones thrown by Deucalion/Pyrrha ■ Themis’ oracle tells them (with its magical formula) to “Veil your heads, loosen your garments, and throw the bones of your mother over your shoulders ● i.e. the stones of mother earth ● perhaps this is an instance of “disease of language” mythmaking ○ Greek Laas = stone ○ laos = people ■ an attempt to explain the similarity of the 2 words links them with a mythic detail ● Details of the Baucis and Philemon Story ○ phrygian flood myth emphasizing the sanctity of the host/guest relationship ○ magical refilling of the wine flagon as an indication of the god’s presence ○ the transformation of the peasant's’ hovel into a magnificent temple ○ the couples later changing into intertwining trees ■ could this also be another version of the Noah, and Utnapishtim flood myths? ● if so, how can the differences be accounted for MYTHS IN OVID’S METAMORPHOSES (WHICH COULD APPEAR AS I.D. ITEMS) ● Deucalion (the Greek Noah) and Pyrrha (p. 36) ● Baucis and Philemon (pg. 195) ● Pyramus and THisbe (the prototype of Romeo and Juliet) (pg. 95) MARRIAGE AND DEATH THEME ● significance of the motif and various mythic representations ○ Orpheus/Eurydice ○ Pyramus/Thisbe ○ Admetus/Alcestis ○ Antigone IMAGES FOR IDENTIFICATIONS ● know the title of work ● artist (if known) ● approximate date ● importance of any prominent features ○ Aphrodite Anadyomene ■ ○ Birth of Venus ■ ○ Saturn Devouring One of His children ■ ○ Fall of the Titans ■ ○ Typhon (on Laconian kylix) ■ ○ Prometheus and Atlas Being Punished ■ ■ eagle ■ the spilling of the blood ■ liver of Prometheus ○ Pandora Crafted by Hephaestus ■ ■ Hermes winged hat ■ staff ■ shoes ■ Hephaestus crown ○ Deucalion/Pyrrha Throwing stones ■ ■ throwing up and overlike farmers ■ stones turning into people ■ altar in the background ○ Mercury and Jupiter in House of Baucis and Philemon ■ ■ again hermes hat and staff and shoes ■ zeus ■ wine ■ host/guest
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