Sociology 2010, Week 5 Notes
Sociology 2010, Week 5 Notes Soc 2010-011
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Stephens on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 2010-011 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer L. Holland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Social Structure and Social Interaction • Which of our major theories is a micro sociological theory? o Symbolic Interactionism—Interested in communication and interaction • Original Conflict Theorist o Karl Marx o Conflict between proletariat and bourgeoisie • Social Structure o The pattern relationship of a society o Lays framework for society o People not as important as the position they fill o 3 of the parts: Culture, Social Institutions, Social Structure • Culture: The mindset of men vs. women, women have to dress certain way, can’t drive in Saudi Arabia • Social Institutions: There are 10. 1. Family 2. Government 3. Military 4. Media 5. Education System 6. Healthcare Systems 7. Religion 8. Science 9. Law 10.Economics • Social Structure: Saints and Roughnecks o Participant Observation o Done in the 1950s o Went to a high school, identified 2 groups and followed them around o Look at the differences o American Culture outlook on teenage boys ▯ People were not surprised and expect trouble from boys ▯ Guys from wealthy families (Saints)—teachers assume they’re trustworthy and able to get away with anything, get off the hook with cops ▯ Guys from poorer families (rough necks)—Family had little education, teachers always suspected the of trouble, not given the benefit of the doubt • Social Status: Ascribed, Achieved, & Master o Social Status—A position held in society ▯ Have +1—Status sets i.e. mother, church member, sister… ▯ Statuses can be described different ways: Ascribed, Achieved, Master. (Can’t be both ascribed and achieved) • Ascribed—Didn’t earn it, just got it • Achieved—Worked for it i.e. being a judge, athlete, father… • Master—Someone identifies you with it o Gender, age, race • Stereotypes o Set stage for how we react to people o Can’t be true o Is an assumption—Have to get to know person ▯ Based on group belonging, what we have heard or seen ▯ Often self-‐fulfilling—People sometimes act the way they think they should ▯ Self-‐fulfilling prophecy ▯ In a group with negative associations can be very detrimental • Dramaturgy o Theory equates life to acting ▯ William Shakespeare ▯ We’re all acting in a play and playing our parts ▯ Efforts that we make to play our parts—Impression management ▯ Constantly thinking about how we present ourselves to others ▯ Front Stage—You have to be very engaged in impression management • On field, teaching ▯ Back Stage • In dorm • Where you can relax and not play a role • Be yourself • Social Construction & Reality o The Thomas Theorem ▯ If people define situations as real, they’re real in their consequences ▯ People interpret things through the media • Justin Bieber • Media creates a reality for us
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