rest of py 370 notes/ study guide
rest of py 370 notes/ study guide 370
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Gray on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Wyley B Shreves in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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very thorough notes!
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Date Created: 02/09/16
1. A bridge to renaissance Europe a. The original new millennium i. Romans 1. Roman empire 2. Western roman empire a. Persisted ~=500C.E b. Preserved greek knowledge 3. British isles to Mesopotamia a. Was based on greek ideals 4. Galen a. Romans did not just copy the greeks b. Medicine i. 3 forms of pneuma 1. Brain 2. Heart 3. Liver ii. Did not believe in soul energy 1. Nervous system a. Motor b. Sensory c. Catalogued reflexes d. Balance of humors 5. Morality a. Stoics greatly influenced Marcus Au Relius i. Governed based on ethical principles b. The presence of an emperor employing greek philosophies ensured the ideals were preserved ii. Rome had 2 empires: 1. East and west 2. The fall of the Roman Empire a. Dark ages b. Unremarkable until 2 ndmillennium C.E i. The fall helped establish everything c. Eastern Roman Empire i. Byzantine empire ii. Arabics kept the greek philosophy alive iii. Middle east through North Africa 1. Galen 2. Hippocrates 3. Pluto 4. Aristotle 5. Stoics d. Al-Farabi i. 1 social psychologist 1. Studied how people acted in groups 2. Cities an analogies a. Virtuous –main goal b. Dissolute c. Ignorant d. Turncoat e. Straying e. Ibn Al-Harabi i. Dissected the eye ii. Correctly explained 1. How eye perceives light 2. Binocular vision 3. Why the sun gets bigger on the horizon a. Ponzo illusion -400 C.E f. Ibn Sina (Avi Cenna) i. Described how ideal images exist in the soul 1. Creativity 2. Sensory info 3. Memory 4. Emotions effects on the mind and body g. Morality i. Greek ascecism blended nicely with Islamic teaching 1. Mohammed as an exemplar of all behavior ii. Refrain from worldly pleasure 1. Poetry a. Firdwasi and nazami h. Islam and science i. Mutazilites and Abul-Walid Ibn Rushd 1. Greek philosophy and Islamic religion 2. Free will, rationalism, aristolean logic a. Not as popular or accepted i. Dark ages in Europe i. Before the fall of Rome 1. Christianity has become the most popular religion ii. Roman knowledge was preserved in monasteries 1. Scientific and religious knowledge became intermingled j. Scholastic tradition i. Scholasticism: catholic church teachings intermixed with greek philosophy ii. Philosophy and theology are almost indistinguishable k. Plotinus i. The mind was an active force not a passive receptable 1. Cognitive psychology ii. The power of the soul iii. Beauty could be defined 1. Gestalt 2. Ectomorphs- perfectly symmetrical face l. Augustine i. Most famous dark age philosopher ii. Confessions really influential in catholic church iii. Fascinated with why people sin iv. Free will 1. Caritas- ethical, virtuous, controlled 2. Cupiditas- desirous, violent, selfish a. Present in everyone v. Importance of the soul vi. Fundamentally altered perceptions on sexuality 1. pure carnality vii. quickly adopted into church teachings viii. sin was experienced through guilt m. guilt as a coping mechanism i. self- blame functions logically 1. guilt motivates 2. guilt gives us control n. Europe’s middle ages i. 1000 C.E ii. The catholic church 1. Powerful enough to stabilize the continent iii. Warming iv. Farming v. Cities
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