Study Guide 1 for Intro to Communication Disorders
Study Guide 1 for Intro to Communication Disorders SPLA15000
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hailey Adler on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPLA15000 at Ithaca College taught by Marie Sanford in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication Disorders in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Intro to Comm. Dis. – Study Guide 1 What makes communication possible? 1. it’s a desire to share an exchange of information 2. complex neurophysiological system in place Rule – Governed System 1. grammar 2. syntax 3. morphology 4. pronunciation Arbitrary Code à symbols and codes used to exchange information ALL LANGUAGES HAVE SOME CONSISTENT BASIC COMPONENT Components Form à order/rules • phonology – sound production • morphology – word structure • syntax - arrangement Content à meaning • semantics – word meaning o stable definitions: but often with socio-cultural alterations § ex: cool, man, hot o multiple meanings – “the duck is ready to eat” o suprasegmentals: um, uh – cant be spelled but has a meaning Use à the way in which applied • pragmatics – rules for conversations, social exchanges o greetings, making requests, interrupting § age, gender, social status Speech Language Articulation Form Fluency Content Voice Use Rate Non verbal Intonation • artifacts Pitch • kinesics Non verbal • proxemics • intonation • chronemics • pitch Speech Articulation à how speech sounds are formed based on movement of tongue, lips, and placement against teeth Fluency à influence of rhythm and rate on speech • each language has its own pattern • emotional impact Intonation à pitch movement iwthin an utterance Pitch à how high or low a speech sound is produced • Habitual pitch Frequency à cycles per second Language Non Verbals Artifacts – non-vocal communication based on assumptions of appearance and environment Kinesic – body movement or language Implicit and explicit Proxemics – distance between communicators Chronemics – effect of time on communication Communication through the Lifespan Impairments Reception Expression • Complex • Hearing acuity • Speech • Categorized • Central auditory • Articulation • Reception processing • Fluency • Processing • Decoding • Voice • Interpreting • Expression • Congenital or meaning • Language acquired • Integration • Form • Variations are • Organization • Content NOT • Comprehension • Use impairments • Short term (ex: accented memory (STM) English) Physiological Subsystems Respiratory Laryngeal Articulatory & Resonatory • Primary automatic • Larynx: principle • Pharyngeal cavity biological function sound generator for • Oral cavity • Controlled by brainstem speech production • Nasal cavity • Supplies oxygen to • Protective organ • All 3 cavities form the blood and removes • Allows air to be vocal tract carbon dioxide from impounded for • Resonant acoustic body forceful expulsion (ie tube: where all • Lung pressure equalized chocking, coughing) sounds of a spoken with atmospheric • Vocal chords: paired language are formed pressure folds of ivory- colored tissue • Secondary function • Air for energy source for sound production • Tidal breathing – quiet • Speech breathing- inhalations at linguistic boundaries (end of sentence) • Control voice intensity
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