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NREM 101 Study Guide

by: Angela Gervais

NREM 101 Study Guide NREM 101

Angela Gervais
GPA 3.02

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This study guide covers all of the textbook material that will be on the exam.
Environment and Society
Dr. Gruver
Study Guide
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Angela Gervais on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to NREM 101 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Gruver in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Environment and Society in Environmental Science at Ball State University.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
NREM 101 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 The environment and you  Define Environment  Define Environmental science  Define ecology Defining sustainable Actions  Define Human well-being  Understand the three sources of change o World is changing o We are changing o We are changing the world  Define Sustainability Planet, People and Profit  Define triple bottom line  Understand the venn diagram relating to people, planet and profit Ecosystems, Ecosystem Function and Integrity  Define Ecosystem  Define Biota  Define Abiota  Define Ecosystem functions  Define Ecosystem integrity Ecosystem Services  Define Ecosystem services  Define Provisioning services  Define Regulating services  Define Cultural Services  Define supporting services Principles of Ecosystem Functions: Conservation of Matter and Energy  Understand the first law of thermodynamics  Understand the limitations of resources  Understand the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources Ecosystems are open  Ecosystems have no boundaries Ecosystem Stability  Define dynamic homeostasis  Define and understand negative feedback  Define and understand positive feedback  Be able to give examples of both negative and positive feedback Ecosystem Change  Understand good and bad changes for the environment Acting Sustainably: Managing Resources  Understand the rate of renewal  Understand the ability of rate of change for resource use Understanding Boundaries  Requires communication and collaboration of owners for of boundaries Maintaining Balance and Integration Embracing Change  Be cautious of the attempts to change the rhythm of natural change in ecosystems  Copy nature  Be aware for thresholds of change or tipping point Uncertainty  Understand ignorance  Understand Complexity Reducing Uncertainty with Science  Define Hypotheses  Define Predictions  Define Treatment Group  Define Control Group  Define Precision  Define Bias  Understand system for the scientific method Sustainability Science  Define sustainability science Ecosystem- Social System Research Needs 1. Ecosystem: social system connection 2. Long-term trends 3. Ecosystem- Social System Sustainability 4. Thresholds of Change 5. Human Incentives 6. Monitoring our Progress 7. Integrating Learning and Action Chapter 2 Changing Views of Humans and Nature  Define animism  Define anthropocentric  Define biocentric  Define ecocentric -The Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution  Known the people from the past responsible for the relationship we have with the environment Living in the Modern World  Define preservationist  Define conservationist Environmental Ethics  Define virtue ethics  Define consequence-based ethics  Define utilitarianism  Define duty-based ethics Who and What Matters  Define intrinsic value  Define instrumental value  Define deep ecology movement Ecofeminism and Environmental Justice  Define ecofeminism The Environment and the Marketplace  Define economic system -Economic Systems  Define subsistence economy  Define market economy  Define free market economy  Define planned economy Supply and Demand  Know the graphs for supply and demand  Define commodities  Define profit  Define neoclassical economic theory Economic Value  Define economic value  Define discount rate  Define opportunity cost Market Complications -Externalized costs and benefits  Define externalities  Define positive externalities  Define negative externalities -Unknown costs and benefits -Limited resources Valuing Ecosystems  Define marginal value  Define travel-cost valuation  Define hedonic valuation  Define contingent valuation Ecological Valuation  Define natural capital  Define ecological valuation Measuring the Wealth of the Nations  Define gross domestic product (GDP)  Define genuine domestic indicator (GDI) The Policy Cycle  Define environmental policies  Define policy cycle  Know the policy cycle  Define regulatory mandates  Define incentives  Define cap and trade  Define volunteerism Policy Decision Framework 1. Government versus individual control 2. Competing public values 3. Uncertainty and action  Define precautionary principle 4. Which level of government decides? 5. Which government agency has jurisdiction? 6. Protection against selfish actions  Define tragedy of the common 7. The best means to an end 8. Political power relationships U.S. Environmental Law and Policy  Know the three branches of the U.S. government  Define regulations  Define case law International Environmental Law and Policy  Define sovereignty  Define customary international laws  Define judicial international law  Know the different institutions for environmental law and policy  Define multinational development banks Chapter 6 Competition for the Shared Resources  Define ecological community  Define intraspecific competition  Define interspecific competition Interspecific Competition  Define competitive exclusion principle How Competitors Coexist  Define Fundamental niche  Define realized niche  Define niche differentiation  Known the graphs for the niche differentiation Exploitation and Interference  Define ecploitation competition  Define interference competiton Herbivory, Predation and Parasitism  Define consumers  Define herbivores  Define predators  Define parasites  Define coevolution  Known the different types of predation  Define prey switching  Define vectors  Known the different types of parasitism Mutualism and Commensalism  Define symbioses  Define mutualism  Define commensalism The Flow of Energy in Ecological Communities  Define energy flow  Define trophic levels  Define food web Food Chains  Define food chains  Define primary producers  Define primary consumers  Define decomposers Energy and Biomass Pyramids  Biomass energy  Trophic level efficiency  Know the pyramid of energy  Know the food web and the species diversity Keystone Species  Define keystone species  Define trophic cascade The Carbon Cycle  Define gross primary production (GPP)  Define net primary production (NPP)  Define net ecosystem production (NEP)  Know the carbon cycle Disturbance and Community Change  Define ecological disturbances  Define ecological legacies  Define succession  Define primary succession  Define pioneer species  Define facilitation  Define climax community  Define secondary succession  Define old-field succession Chapter 8 Biodiversity  Define biodiversity  Define landscape diversity  Define endemic  Define species richness  Define species evenness  Define structural complexity  Define genetic diversity  Define outbreeding  Define inbreeding Why Biodiversity Matters  Define sampling effect  Define complementary effect  Know ecosystem stability  Know economic value  Know existence value Global Patterns of Biodiversity 1. Net primary production 2. Pleistocene climate change 3. Habitat gradients 4. Ecosystem complexity Biodiversity Hotspots  Define biodiversity hotspots


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