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by: Casey Gilman

StudyGuideforBiologyUnitOneExam.pdf BIO 120

Casey Gilman
GPA 3.6

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Biology Review Unit One (Outline Format)
General Biology
Dr. Partain
Study Guide
Bio Partain cells energy experiment control metabolism
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Casey Gilman on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 120 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Partain in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Study Guide for Biology Unit One Exam   Scientific Method  o Observation o Hypothesis o Experiment o Collect Data/Research o Conclusion  Scientific Theory  o And abundance of evidence, then the idea maybe referred to as a theory o Can explain how the natural world “works”  o Well supported by observations and experiments from several different  independent lines of research   Scientific Hypothesis:  o Test a specific question o Must be   Testable  Falsifiable  o Must be able to be measured  Alternative Hypothesis o Accepted to be true if the scientific hypothesis is rejected based on statistical  evidence.  Controlled Experiment o Purpose: to be sure the experiment is not bias o Similar in every way to the experimental group except it with receive the Placebo  Placebo­ a harmless pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the  psychological benefit o To eliminate any alternative questions/factors   Double control experiment (Double Blind Experiment)  o Where the participant and the experimenter do not know who revived the placebo  To eliminate any bias or experimental flaws  Correlation Studies o Using pre­existing data to try and determine if there is a connection between the  variables  Statistical Significance o Unlikely due to chance (Which would mean it is very accurate or real)    Primary Sources o Published scientific results (scholarly journals)  Secondary Sources o Not direct facts, twisted usually to appeal to the reader (TIME, magazines, News  Broadcasting)   Characteristics of life o 1. Organized­ have cells/molecules  o 2. Get & use energy o 3. Genetic inheritance of DNA  o 4. Continuity  o 5. Reproduce (asexual/sexual) o 6. Homeostasis (98.7)  pH  o A measure of acidity or alkalinity of water soluble substances  o pH stands for 'potential of Hydrogen'  Water  o Water is polar  “like dissolves like” o Hydrophilic­ can dissolve readily in water (Sugar)  o Hydrophobic­ cannot dissolve in water (oil)  Physical Properties of water o Liquid at moderate temperature o Water is coherent to each other; creating surface tension (cohesion)  o Water molecules adhere to other substances (adhesion) o Can dissolve many other substances o Can hold a lot heat o Water expands when it freezes and becomes less dense  Animal cells vs. Plant cells  Animal Cells   Plant Cells   No cell wall   Cell wall  Small vacuole  Large Vacuole  No chloroplast  Chloroplast  Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic  Prokaryotic  Eukaryotic  No membrane bound nucleus  Membrane bound nucleus  Smaller in size   Larger in size  Single cell unit  multicellular  REVIEW THE CHART SHEET WE WENT OVER IN CLASS REGARDING CARBS,  NUCLEIC ACIDS, LIPIDS, AND PROTEINS  Plasma Membrane o Protection and Communication o Semi permeable membrane  Has a phospholipid bilayer   Cell Theory o All known living things are made of cells o Cell is structural functional unit of all living things o All cells come from preexisting cells (cell division)   Organic Chemistry  o Carbon is the central element of life o Was living or is living  Macromolecule o Big and Organic  Enzymes o Regulate the metabolic reactions; break down food to make energy from the  chemical bond  REFER TO THE OTHER SIDE OF THE WORK SHEET PERTAINING TO CELL  FUNCTIONS****  Simple diffusion­ No energy needed (osmosis)   Facilitated Diffusion­ no energy needed; moving from a high to low concentration  Active Diffusion­ ATP is required, solvent moves against the gradient  Respiration o Metabolic reactions on a cellular level o Need  Oxygen  Glucose  Enzymes  Digestion o Breaking down food into smaller bits your cells can make use of o Need  Macronutrients  Micronutrients  Enzymes  Metabolism o All the processes in the body  that convert or use energy o Need  Water  Calories  Enzymes  ATP o Energy o Adenosine Triphosphate


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