Soc 100 Test 1 Study Guide
Soc 100 Test 1 Study Guide Soc 100-001
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 100-001 at Colorado State University taught by John R Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Sociology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Soc100-01 Study Guide #1 Spring 2016 This is not meant to be a comprehensive study guide, but rather points to the major topics discussed in the first quarter of the course. You should read the text 1) to expand your understanding of the topics below and 2) whenever the PowerPoint slides or I direct you to the text. The PowerPoint slides provide an excellent outline of topics covered. Good luck. Syllabus/Introduction Four objectives of the course 1. To help you understand your society—society as it is and as it might be (You need to understand society to either maintain or change it). 2. To help you understand the social world on our planet—the world as it is and as it might be. 3. To help you understand yourself better (You are a member of both society and of the planet. You should understand how and why you behave and believe the way you do). 4. To prepare you for other courses in sociology. Purpose of the social awareness test on the first day of class You may be asked about any of the clicker questions Each chapter begins with a vignette that you should read. Why is it significant? - Chapter 1- This vignette talks about why we choose to marry who we do. Most say we marry because we are love but sociology has taught us that there are many social factors that go into who we choose to marry as well. Generally we will marry someone around the same age, of the same race, and socioeconomic class. The purpose of this vignette is to give a little insight to the significance of the study of society and they effect it has on our lives. - Chapter 2- This vignette is about a couple who speaks Korean. They are using an investment website and talk about how much the like the fact that the website is in their language. This is significant to the chapter because it speaks to cultural diversity inAmerica. There are immigrants coming toAmerica and businesses would do well to use this as a tool to target culturally diverse customers. - Chapter 3- This vignette is about a little girl who was found in a closet with her hands tied above her head because the mother was unable to care for a child and the grandfather didn’t want the child in the house. When the child was removed she was unable to speak, smile, or laugh. This speaks to how important socialization is at an early age. Ch. 1. Sociology: Perspectives, Theory and Method The four perspectives on human behavior (i.e., biological, psychological . . .) - Biological, psychological, social and cultural The sociological imagination - The ability to see the relationship between individual and the larger society Three major theoretical approaches-functionalist, conflict, & symbolic interaction - Functionalist approaches on a focused group as a whole - Conflict approaches on competition among the parts and that individuals are not often responsible for their achievement and failures - Symbolic interaction approaches and focuses on interpersonal communication in a micro-level social setting and focuses on how people create reality. Ways of knowing - Belief/Faith, Expert/Authority, tradition, ESP and science Is there a difference between scientific truth and ultimate truth? - Yes, Last two assumptions of science - All perceptions are achieved through the senses - People can trust their perceptions, memory, and reasoning (as reliable agencies for acquiring facts) Cause and effect - Spurious correlation - Atrivial or meaningless correlation Ch. 2. Culture Culture and its elements What is material culture? Non-material culture? - Material Culture is the physical creations that members of society make, use, and share. - Non-Material Culture are symbols, language, values and norms. Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - The language shapes the view of reality of it’s speakers. Subcultures and countercultures (Refer to your text, pp. 64, 67) - Subculture is the cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society’s population. - Counterculture is the cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism - Ethnocentrism is the practice of judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture and assuming that one’s own culture and way of life are superior to all others. - Cultural relativism Theoretical approaches (Your text, pp.72-74) - Functional - Conflict - Sociobiology Ch. 3. Socialization: From Infancy to OldAge The QueenAnn game—its purpose - The purpose of the QueenAnn game is to use previously learning experiences to help us solve new problems. What is meant socialization? Its purpose? - The lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture, we internalize our culture and it influences and limits our choices we make. Nature vs. nurture - Nature is the study of how biology affects human behavior, - Nurture is the study of how learning effects human behavior Relevance of the dinner menu - Where ever you go, there are different norms and it is important to realize that there are cultural differences when it comes to food. Sigmund Freud - The thought people were born bad or to deviate and we have something to prevent that from happening. We have Id, ego and super egos. Kinch’s Self-concept theory - Individual’s perception▯ self concept▯ individual’s behavior▯ response of others Cooley’s Looking-glass Self - Aself image based on how we think others see us. The agents of socialization - Family: rules we learn, norms - School: find out what is not true from what our parents told us - Peers: who we hangout with effects you - Mass media: does the TV effect us positive/negative or both Resocialization—its significance? - The resocialization is significant because this is the process by which people abandon their old selves and develop new one. Which are voluntary and involuntary. The Korean War prisoner of war experience. -
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