HY 121 Study Guide
HY 121 Study Guide HY 120
Popular in The United States To 1877
Popular in History
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jada Beckham on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HY 120 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Pamela S. King in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 211 views. For similar materials see The United States To 1877 in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Study Guide/HY 121 Early Explorers to the New World Early Colonial settlements Questions from film (king Philips War) Main reasons for the Europeans exploration to the New World o Spread religion o Create empire, to seek capitalism-make profit Technology-navigation equipment Political structure-nationalism Who are the Algonkians? o Main tribe of Native Americans in North America o Comparing their culture with the English (know about that comparisons) Very religious, very hierarchy, very civilized Differences was they are Barbados and matriarchy Differences between indentured servants and slaves o Indentured slaves is on a contract and slaves are not st o Who were the 1 indentured servants? Poor white people from England What was the head right system? o Brilliant idea that the English had made that needed to provide incentives for people to leave England to go to the New World o If you go to the New World we will give 50 acres of Land Joint Stock Company-another brilliant tool of capitalism Protestant work ethic-If you work hard you’ll prosper What did the early Virginians come looking for? o Gold, and didn’t not find it o They switch to tobacco o They need more land and control labor What was the early Africans seen as by law? Servants 4 rooting’s of colonies are? o Chesapeake-Virginia Maryland o Southern Colonies-Georgia, South Carolina o Mid Atlantic- New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey o New England-Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire Most ethically and religiously diverse is New York Most religious colonies-is New England o Puritans =New England o Puritans influence and control New England, especially Massachusetts o Puritans believed in pre-destination (John Calvin) Which groups are fleeing religious prosecution? The puritans and separatists Who founded Maryland? M. Calvert o Maryland was a haven for Catholics What are the two big movements that comes out of Europe and the American colony? Enlightment and Great Awakening o Enlightment movement comes out of Europe intellectually oriented Well educated people and scholarly people Target religion Enlightment thinkers try to use reason for religion, says that it doesn’t make since Who is Blackstone?- leading English jurist of the Enlightment period o Writes down all of the English codes and laws o He said married women doesn’t have status and legally dead once they are married o They become a part of the man Who came up with blank slate? John Locke Who were the Deists? Came out of the Enlightment, and believed that instutionalized Christians was dangerous o Believe Jesus was a great philosopher not a Messiah o Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin (Deists) What was King Philips was about? An attack by Native Americans that were trying resist the imperialism of the English colony o He is an Indian chief Blue Laws-made it illegal to practice your culture inheritance Navigation Acts- England passes these Acts, and is aimed at reasserting economic control over the colonies (triangular trade) (remember it’s a list of navigation acts) Triangular Trade- comes out of New England, Massachusetts-headquarters of the Triangular Trade o Trades in slaves and rum with Caribbean and Africa o Comes back to New England What is mercantilism?- a economic theory that came out France, is based upon that there is not enough stuff to go around o Another concept that goes with imperialism Who settled Pennsylvania-William Penn (Quakers) o Didn’t believe in war o Believe men and women are equal o Didn’t believe in slavery Anne Hutchinson-preaches in her home (illegal) John Winthrop- governor of Massachusetts Mayflower Compact Who came up Sitting on a Hill?- Puritans Elizabeth Key House of Burgess-allow colonies to manage local affairs Georgia started off with no slaves but ALL COLONIES HAD SLAVES!!
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